Nyurba (Russian: Нюрба, IPA: [nʲʊˈrba]; Yakut: Ньурба, Nyurba IPA: [ɲuɾˈba]) is a town and the administrative center of Nyurbinsky District of the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River, a right-hand tributary of the Lena, 846 kilometers (526 mi) northwest of Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 10,157.[2]

Nyurba

Нюрба
Town under republic jurisdiction[1]
Other transcription(s)
 • YakutНьурба
Ore processing factory in Nyurba
Ore processing factory in Nyurba
Coat of arms of Nyurba
Coat of arms
Location of Nyurba
Nyurba is located in Russia
Nyurba
Nyurba
Location of Nyurba
Nyurba is located in Sakha Republic
Nyurba
Nyurba
Nyurba (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 63°17′N 118°20′E / 63.283°N 118.333°E / 63.283; 118.333Coordinates: 63°17′N 118°20′E / 63.283°N 118.333°E / 63.283; 118.333
CountryRussia
Federal subjectSakha Republic[1]
Administrative districtNyurbinsky District[1]
TownNyurba[1]
Founded1930
Town status since1997[1]
Elevation
110 m (360 ft)
Population
 • Total10,157
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
9,786 (−3.7%)
 • Capital ofNyurbinsky District[1], Town of Nyurba[1]
 • Municipal districtNyurbinsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementNyurba Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofNyurbinsky Municipal District[5], Nyurba Urban Settlement[4]
Time zoneUTC+9 (MSK+6 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
678450, 678479
Dialing code(s)+7 41134
OKTMO ID98626101001
Nyurba population
2010 Census10,157[2]
2002 Census10,309[8]
1989 Census11,934[9]
1979 Census10,580[10]

HistoryEdit

It was founded in 1930, although the area has been settled since the mid-18th century.[citation needed] In the 1950s, it grew rapidly as a base for exploration of the nearby diamond deposits, and was granted urban-type settlement status in 1958. Town status was granted to it in 1997.[1]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Nyurba serves as the administrative center of Nyurbinsky District.[1] As an inhabited locality, Nyurba is classified as a town under republic jurisdiction.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Nyurbinsky District as the Town of Nyurba.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Nyurba is incorporated within Nyurbinsky Municipal District as Nyurba Urban Settlement.[4]

EconomyEdit

Production of diamonds is the primary industry in the town, both as the site of a diamond cutting works operated by the state-owned ALROSA company and as its status as a supply town for nearby mining operations.

TransportEdit

Nyurba is served by the Nyurba Airport (IATA: NYR, ICAO: UENN) and a river port.

ClimateEdit

Nyurba has an extremely cold dry-summer subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification: Dsc).

Climate data for Nyurba
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.2
(28.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
9.5
(49.1)
18.4
(65.1)
30.0
(86.0)
35.2
(95.4)
35.1
(95.2)
34.1
(93.4)
32.8
(91.0)
16.1
(61.0)
3.9
(39.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
35.2
(95.4)
Average high °C (°F) −31.2
(−24.2)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−11.9
(10.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
10.6
(51.1)
20.3
(68.5)
23.3
(73.9)
19.7
(67.5)
10.5
(50.9)
−3.7
(25.3)
−21.1
(−6.0)
−29.6
(−21.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) −35.1
(−31.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−19.7
(−3.5)
−6.5
(20.3)
5.5
(41.9)
14.4
(57.9)
17.2
(63.0)
13.4
(56.1)
5.0
(41.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−9.0
(15.8)
Average low °C (°F) −40.2
(−40.4)
−37.7
(−35.9)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−15.3
(4.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
6.6
(43.9)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43.0)
−1.1
(30.0)
−13.2
(8.2)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−38.4
(−37.1)
−15.8
(3.6)
Record low °C (°F) −61.0
(−77.8)
−58.9
(−74.0)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−42.2
(−44.0)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.6
(29.1)
−13.8
(7.2)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−38.9
(−38.0)
−55.0
(−67.0)
−60.8
(−77.4)
−61.0
(−77.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 25.3
(1.00)
11.3
(0.44)
16.5
(0.65)
13.9
(0.55)
52.6
(2.07)
63.4
(2.50)
62.6
(2.46)
58.9
(2.32)
43.3
(1.70)
45.9
(1.81)
30.4
(1.20)
16.5
(0.65)
440.6
(17.35)
Average precipitation days 19.6 15.4 12.8 10.8 9.4 11.4 9.2 11.5 12.7 20.3 21.2 18.0 172.3
Source: [11]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. ^ Law #172-Z #351-III
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia] (XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 – via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  11. ^ "Weather Averages for Nyurba (1948-2011)". climatebase.ru. Retrieved December 18, 2014.

SourcesEdit

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Nyurbinsky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. (State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic. Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).