Novi Travnik (Serbian Cyrillic: Нови Травник) is a town and municipality located in the Central Bosnia Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town had a population of 9,008 inhabitants, while the municipality had 23,832 inhabitants.[1]

Novi Travnik
Нови Травник
Flag of Novi Travnik
Coat of arms of Novi Travnik
Location of Novi Travnik in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Novi Travnik in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Novi Travnik is located in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Novi Travnik
Novi Travnik
Coordinates: 44°10′29.35″N 17°39′48.34″E / 44.1748194°N 17.6634278°E / 44.1748194; 17.6634278
Country Bosnia and Herzegovina
EntityFederation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Canton Central Bosnia
 • Municipal mayorStjepan Dujo (HDZ BiH)
 • Municipality242 km2 (93 sq mi)
 • Land242 km2 (93 sq mi)
 • Water0 km2 (0 sq mi)
 • Municipality25,107
 • Density100/km2 (270/sq mi)
 • Urban
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Post code
Area code+387 030

Name edit

The municipality was called Novi Travnik until 1980, when it was changed to Pucarevo after Đuro Pucar. In 1992 the original name was restored.[citation needed]

History edit

Novi Travnik was founded in 1949 to provide residence for the employees of the newly founded MMK Bratstvo factory, and so it is one of the youngest settlements in the region. As of January 2015, the municipality contains nine National Monuments of Bosnia and Herzegovina,[2] among which are seven stećaknecropolises, one mosque and the Necropolis for the victims of Fascism.

Demographics edit

Novi Travnik Municipality edit

Novi Travnik Municipality
census year 2013. 1991.[3] 1981. 1971.
Bosniaks 12,067 (50.63%) 11,625 (37.85%) 9,164 (35.03%) 8,200 (35.89%)
Croats 11,002 (46.16%) 12,162 (39.59%) 10,548 (40.33%) 9,852 (43.12%)
Serbs 367 (1.53%) 4,097 (13.33%) 3,521 (13.46%) 4,129 (18.07%)
Yugoslavs by nat. 2,132 (6.94%) 2,308 (8.82%) 301 (1.31%)
others and unknown 396 (1.66%) 697 (2.26%) 613 (2.34%) 365 (1.59%)
total 23,832 30,713 26,154 22,847

Novi Travnik proper edit

Novi Travnik
census year 2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Serbs 3,200 (27.77%) 2,464 (29.08%) 2,897 (43.36%)
Bosniaks 3,176 (27.56%) 1,783 (21.04%) 1,415 (21.17%)
Croats 2,751 (23.87%) 1,985 (23.42%) 1,778 (26.61%)
Yugoslavs by nat. (N/A) 1,887 (16.37%) 1,899 (22.41%) 275 (4.11%)
others and unknown 508 (4.40%) 342 (4.03%) 316 (4.72%)
total 9,008 11,522 8,473 6,681

Economy edit

Novi Travnik was founded in 1949 to accommodate the workers of the MMK Bratstvo factory. MMK Bratstvo's business grew rapidly and so did the town, resulting in one of the most prosperous towns in the entire Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Eastern Bloc by the late 1980s. MMK Bratstvo used to employ more than 7,000 people and was the cornerstone of Novi Travnik. The Yugoslav Wars and their consequences altered the way and quality of life in Novi Travnik. The economy of Novi Travnik was greatly dependent on the MMK Bratstvo factory which was almost completely destroyed during the war, especially after a Serb air attack on 28 February 1994 (see Banja Luka incident). Today, most of MMK Bratstvo is privatized into smaller companies, with the Slovenian Cimos (successor of Tomos) and ADK taking the primary parts of MMK Bratstvo's primary business (forging, car parts industry). A rising trend in Bosnia and Herzegovina was seen in the shoe industry, and Novi Travnik was no exception. There are a dozen companies employing over 1000 people operating in Novi Travnik. Since 2015, the municipality administration has designated a new industrial zone outside of the town center to attract foreign investments. HARI Ltd. is a middle-sized retail company headquartered in Novi Travnik. Alongside HARI Ltd., there are a few larger retail stores including Agrokor's Konzum and Best and other locally-operated stores.

Notable residents edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in Bosnia and Herzegovina" (PDF). Retrieved 2021-11-27.
  2. ^ "Commission to preserve national monuments". Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  3. ^ "Popis Stanovnistva, Domacinstava, Stanova I Polioprivrednih Gazdinstava 1991" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2015-11-24.

External links edit