Novak Kilibarda

Novak Kilibarda, PhD (Serbian Cyrillic: Новак Килибарда; born 7 January 1934) is a Montenegrin former politician, professor, literary historian and writer.

Novak Kilibarda
Новак Килибарда
Novak Kilibarda, 1996.jpg
Novak Kilibarda in 1996
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
16 July 1998 – 4 July 2000
Prime MinisterFilip Vujanović
Preceded byPredrag Drecun
Succeeded bySavo Đurđevac
Member of Parliament
In office
9 December 1990 – 16 July 1998
PresidentRisto Vukčević
Svetozar Marović
Personal details
Born (1934-01-07) 7 January 1934 (age 87)
Tupan, Yugoslavia
(now Banjani, Montenegro)
NationalityMontenegrin
Political partyNS CG (2000–2006)
NS (1990–2000)
SK CG (1954–1971)
Alma materUniversity of Belgrade
ProfessionProfessor, politician

Early life and educationEdit

Kilibarda was born on 7 January 1934 in the village of Tupan in Banjani, Nikšić. His father Gavrilo was a farmer, his mother Plana (née Vukalović) was a housewife. He attended elementary school in the village of Velimlje and high school in Nikšić.[1]

Kilibarda graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philology in 1958, with a degree in Yugoslav literature. After graduating, he taught at the Višegrad Gymnasium from 1959 to 1961. He became a magister in 1964, and completed his doctorate in 1969 with the topic Bogoljub Petranović as a Collector of Folk Songs ("Bogoljub Petranović kao sakupljač narodnih pesama").[2]

Kilibarda taught at the Pedagogical Academy from 1963, even serving as its Director. The school was later to become the Faculty of Philosophy, and was merged with the Veljko Vlahović University.

Political careerEdit

Kilibarda joined politics very early on, climbing into several ranks of the League of Communists of Montenegro, including the position of MP in the Parliament of the SR Montenegro. After writing the foreword to the book Anegdote i priče iz Crne Gore ("Anegdotes and Stories from Montenegro") by Obrad Višnjić, which included a song glorifying Krsto Zrnov Popović, he was expelled from all positions in the League of Communists and in the state apparatus in 1971. He was also replaced from the position of Director of the Pedagogical Academy. High-ranking official Veljko Milatović was against firing him from the position of professor altogether and prevented it from happening. During this period, he acquired a strong anti-communist position and Serb nationalist attitude.

In the late 1980s, Serbian nationalist movements were strengthening in SR Montenegro. In 1990, with the arrival of multi-party politics, Montenegrin intellectuals gathered around Novak Kilibarda and formed the People's Party (NS). The party claimed heritage from the early 20th century People's Party, which had been active in the Kingdom of Montenegro.

Kilibarda became a fierce opponent of Slobodan Milošević, claiming Milošević was working against national interests. He and the leader of the Liberal Alliance of Montenegro, Slavko Perović, formed a coalition called Popular Unity. Later, he joined the DPS and SDP in Đukanović's For a Better Life coalition in 1997, supporting ousting Bulatović and Milošević's supporters.[3] He was part of the Đukanović government from 1998 to 2000. Because of this, Kilibarda lost support from Serbian nationalists who were against cooperation with the DPS, many of whom left the party to form the Serb People's Party. Further moderating his views and having been disappointed by the Serbs' losses in the Yugoslav Wars, Kilibarda gradually turned to Montenegrin nationalism. He published brochures in opposition to Serb-conducted war crimes and pleaded for forgiveness from Croatia and Bosnia for his previous actions. An outspoken supporter of the breakup of the state union with Serbia, he was ousted from the NS in 2000 when the party withdrew from its coalition with the DPS. Forming close relations with writer and academician Jevrem Brković and his Doclean Academy of Sciences and Arts, he attained the view that Montenegrins were a unique nation and not Serbs. In the run-up to the 2006 independence referendum, he was a proponent of the independence bloc.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Vulić, Zorica (20 March 2000). "Ko je ovaj čovek? - Novak Kilibarda". Glas javnosti (in Serbian). Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  2. ^ "Bogoljub Petranović kao sakupljač narodnih pesama". Виртуелна библиотека Србије. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Milosevic's foe headed for big win". Record-Journal. Meriden. 1 June 1998. p. 3. Retrieved 29 August 2019.

SourcesEdit

  • Ko je ko u Srbiji `95 [Who's Who in Serbia `95] (in Serbian). Belgrade: Bibliofon. 1995. p. 236.

External linksEdit

Positions heldEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Predrag Drecun
Deputy Prime Minister of Montenegro
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Savo Đurđevac
Preceded by
Ljubiša Stanković
Leader of the Opposition
1991–1998
Succeeded by
Momir Bulatović
Party political offices
New political party President of the People's Concord
2000–2006
Succeeded by
Position abolished
New political party President of the People's Party
1990–2000
Succeeded by
Dragan Šoć