Northern Cape Provincial Legislature
The Northern Cape Provincial Legislature is the legislature of the Northern Cape province of South Africa. It is a unicameral body of 30 members elected every five years. The current legislature was elected on 8 May 2019 and has an African National Congress majority of 18 members. It is situated in Kimberley, in a newly built complex to the west of the city centre on the edge of Galeshewe.
Northern Cape Provincial Legislature
|Founded||27 April 1994|
Leader of the Opposition
|Party-list proportional representation|
|8 May 2019|
|New Provincial Legislature Building, Galeshewe, Kimberley|
The Northern Cape Provincial Legislature, like the eight other provincial legislatures in South Africa, was created on 27 April 1994 by the Interim Constitution of South Africa, which dissolved the four original provinces (and their provincial councils) and created the nine current provinces. It is currently constituted in terms of Chapter Six of the Constitution of South Africa, which defines the structure of the provincial governments.
The Northern Cape Provincial Legislature chooses the Premier of the Northern Cape, the head of the Northern Cape's provincial executive. The legislature can force the Premier to resign by passing a motion of no confidence. Although the Executive Council is appointed by the Premier, the legislature may pass a motion of no confidence to force the Premier to restructure the Council. The legislature also appoints the Northern Cape's delegates to the National Council of Provinces, allocating delegates to parties in proportion to the number of seats each party holds in the legislature.
The legislature has the power to pass legislation in various fields specified in the national constitution; in some fields, the legislative power is shared with the national parliament, while in others it is solely reserved to the Northern Cape alone. The fields include health, education (except universities), agriculture, housing, environmental protection, and development planning.
The legislature oversees the administration of the Northern Cape provincial government, and the Premier and the members of the Executive Council are obliged to report to the legislature on the performance of their responsibilities. The legislature also administers the finances of the provincial government by way of the appropriation bills which determine the province's annual budget.
The provincial legislature consists of 30 members, who are elected through a system of party list proportional representation with closed lists. In other words, each voter casts a vote for one political party, and seats in the legislature are allocated to the parties in proportion to the number of votes received. The seats are then filled by members in accordance with lists submitted by the parties before the election.
The legislature is elected for a term of five years unless it is dissolved early. This may occur if the legislature votes to dissolve and it is at least three years since the last election, or if the Premiership falls vacant and the legislature fails to elect a new Premier within ninety days. By convention, all nine provincial legislatures and the National Assembly are elected on the same day.
The most recent election was held on 8 May 2019. The following table summarises the results.
|African National Congress||228,265||57.54||18|
|Economic Freedom Fighters||38,527||9.71||3|
|Freedom Front Plus||10,641||2.68||1|
The following table shows the composition of the provincial parliament after past elections and floor-crossing periods.
The Speaker is the political head of the legislature. The following people have served as Speaker:
|Name||Entered Office||Left Office||Party|
|Jacobus van Wyk||2009||2013||ANC|
|Mosimanegare Kenneth Mmoiemang||2013||2019||ANC|
- Swearing-in ceremony of new MPLs. Retrieved on 3 May 2019.
- Saul honoured to lead Province. Retrieved on 3 June 2019.
- Meet SA's newly elected premiers. Retrieved on 3 June 2019.
- Thousands attend first sitting. Retrieved on 24 May 2019.
- Chapter 6: Provinces, Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996.
- Northern Cape Provincial Legislature. Retrieved on 3 January 2019.
- Speaker Papenfus was re-elected in June 1999