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South African general election, 1999

South Africa's second non-racial general election, was held on 2 June 1999.

South African general election, 1999
South Africa
← 1994 2 June 1999 2004 →

All 400 seats to the National Assembly of South Africa
  First party Second party
  SthAfrica.ThaboMbeki.01.jpg TonyLeon.jpg
Leader Thabo Mbeki Tony Leon
Party African National Congress Democratic Party
Last election 252 seats, 62.65% 7 seats, 1.73%
Seats won 266 38
Seat change Increase14 Increase31
Popular vote 10,601,330 1,527,337
Percentage 66.35% 9.56%
Swing Increase3.70% Increase7.83%

  Third party Fourth party
  Mangosuthu Buthelezi (1983).jpg Marthinus van Schalkwyk crop.jpg
Leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi Marthinus van Schalkwyk
Party Inkatha Freedom Party New National Party
Last election 43 seats, 10.54% 82 seats, 20.39%
Seats won 34 28
Seat change Decrease9 Decrease54
Popular vote 1,371,477 1,098,215
Percentage 8.58% 6.87%
Swing Decrease1.96% Decrease13.52%

President before election

Nelson Mandela
African National Congress

Elected President

Thabo Mbeki
African National Congress

This election was won by the governing African National Congress (ANC), who gained fourteen seats. Incumbent president Nelson Mandela declined to seek re-election as President. This election was notable for the sharp decline of the New National Party, previously the National Party (NP), which without former State President F.W. de Klerk lost more than half of their support. The liberal Democratic Party became the largest opposition party, after being the fifth largest party in the 1994 election. The number of parties represented in the National Assembly increased to thirteen, with the United Democratic Movement, jointly headed by former National Party member Roelf Meyer, and former ANC member Bantu Holomisa, being the most successful of the newcomers with fourteen seats.

Contents

National Assembly resultsEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 National Assembly election results[1]
Party Leader Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress Thabo Mbeki 10,601,330 66.35 +3.70 266 +14
Democratic Party Tony Leon 1,527,337 9.56 +7.83 38 +31
Inkatha Freedom Party Mangosuthu Buthelezi 1,371,477 8.58 −1.96 34 −9
New National Party[note 1] Marthinus van Schalkwyk 1,098,215 6.87 −13.52 28 −54
United Democratic Movement[note 2] Bantu Holomisa 546,790 3.42 +3.42 14 +14
African Christian Democratic Party Kenneth Meshoe 228,975 1.43 +0.98 6 +4
Freedom Front Constand Viljoen 127,217 0.80 −1.37 3 −6
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] Lucas Mangope 125,280 0.78 +0.78 3 +3
Pan Africanist Congress 113,125 0.71 −0.54 3 −2
Federal Alliance[note 2] Louis Luyt 86,704 0.54 +0.54 2 +2
Minority Front Amichand Rajbansi 48,277 0.30 +0.23 1 +1
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] Cassie Aucamp 46,292 0.29 +0.29 1 +1
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 27,257 0.17 +0.17 1 +1
Abolition of Income Tax and Usury Party[note 2] Stephen Goodson 10,611 0.07 +0.07 0 0
Government by the People Green Party[note 2] Judy Sole 9,193 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 9,062 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Total 15,977,142 100.00 400
Spoilt votes 251,320

Presidential election in National AssemblyEdit

Thabo Mbeki was elected president (unopposed) by the new Assembly on 14 June 1999, succeeding Nelson Mandela.[2]

Provincial legislature resultsEdit

e • d Seat allocation summary of the 2 June 1999 provincial legislature election results
Party EC FS G KZN M NW NC NP WC
African National Congress 47 25 50 32 26 27 20 44 18
New National Party 2 2 3 3 1 1 8 1 17
Inkatha Freedom Party 3 34
Democratic Party 4 2 13 7 1 1 1 1 5
United Democratic Movement 9 1 1 1 1 1
Freedom Front 1 1 1 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 1 1 1 1
United Christian Democratic Party 3
Minority Front 2
Pan Africanist Congress 1 1
Federal Alliance 1
Total 63 30 73 80 30 33 30 49 42

Eastern CapeEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Eastern Cape Provincial Legislature election results[3]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 3]
African National Congress 1,606,856 73.80 −10.55 47 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 296,015 13.60 +13.60 9 +9
Democratic Party 136,859 6.29 +4.24 4 +3
New National Party[note 1] 70,141 3.22 −6.61 2 −4
Pan Africanist Congress 24,837 1.14 −0.90 1 0
African Christian Democratic Party 20,857 0.96 +0.45 0 0
Freedom Front 7,287 0.33 −0.46 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 7,166 0.33 +0.16 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 3,673 0.17 +0.17 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 3,575 0.16 +0.16 0 0
Total 2,177,266 100.00 63
Spoilt votes 30,469

Free StateEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Free State Provincial Legislature election results[4]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 881,381 80.79 +4.15 25 +1
Democratic Party 58,163 5.33 +4.77 2 +2
New National Party[note 1] 56,740 5.20 −7.39 2 −2
Freedom Front 22,996 2.11 −3.92 1 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 18,194 1.67 +1.67 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 12,548 1.15 −0.66 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 9,827 0.90 +0.45 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 8,798 0.81 +0.81 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 8,543 0.78 +0.78 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 5,119 0.47 −0.04 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 4,390 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Unemployment Labour Alliance[note 2] 2,974 0.27 +0.27 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 1,235 0.11 +0.11 0 0
Total 1,090,908 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 16,943

GautengEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Gauteng Provincial Legislature election results[5]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 4]
African National Congress 2,448,780 67.87 +10.27 50 0
Democratic Party 658,236 17.95 +12.63 13 +8
New National Party[note 1] 142,579 3.89 −19.99 3 −18
Inkatha Freedom Party 128,807 3.51 −0.15 3 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 71,630 1.95 +1.95 1 +1
Freedom Front 45,750 1.25 −4.92 1 −4
African Christian Democratic Party 42,621 1.16 +0.55 1 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 32,494 0.89 +0.89 1 +1
Pan Africanist Congress 26,781 0.73 −0.73 0 −1
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 11,450 0.31 +0.31 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 8,642 0.24 +0.24 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 5,896 0.16 +0.16 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 1,990 0.05 +0.05 0 0
Labor Party[note 2] 1,096 0.03 +0.03 0 0
Total 3,666,752 100.00 73
Spoilt votes 40,843

KwaZulu-NatalEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 KwaZulu-Natal Provincial Legislature election results[6]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 5]
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,241,522 41.90 −8.43 34 −7
African National Congress 1,167,094 39.38 +7.15 32 +6
Democratic Party 241,779 8.16 +6.01 7 +5
New National Party[note 1] 97,077 3.28 −7.93 3 −6
Minority Front 86,770 2.93 +1.59 2 +1
African Christian Democratic Party 53,745 1.81 +1.14 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 34,586 1.17 +1.17 1 +1
Federal Alliance[note 2] 9,762 0.33 +0.33 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,654 0.26 −0.47 0 −1
Freedom Front 6,804 0.23 −0.28 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 5,801 0.20 +0.20 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 5,052 0.17 +0.17 0 0
Socialist Party of Azania[note 2] 3,451 0.12 +0.12 0 0
Mass United Movement[note 2] 2,261 0.08 +0.08 0 0
Total 2,963,358 100.00 80
Spoilt votes 46,141

MpumalangaEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Mpumalanga Provincial Legislature election results[7]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 954,788 84.83 +4.13 26 +1
Democratic Party 50,421 4.48 +3.92 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 27,909 2.48 −6.52 1 −2
Freedom Front 19,170 1.70 −3.96 1 −1
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 16,013 1.42 +1.42 1 +1
Inkatha Freedom Party 15,901 1.41 −0.11 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 12,586 1.12 +0.64 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 9,019 0.80 +0.80 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,296 0.65 −0.99 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 4,520 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Sindawonye Progressive Party[note 2] 4,318 0.38 +0.38 0 0
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 2,553 0.23 +0.23 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 1,090 0.10 +0.10 0 0
Total 1,125,584 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 21,502

North WestEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 North West Provincial Legislature election results[8]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 6]
African National Congress 1,030,901 78.97 −4.36 27 +1
United Christian Democratic Party[note 2] 124,874 9.57 +9.57 3 +3
Democratic Party 42,593 3.26 +2.76 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 29,931 2.29 −6.55 1 −2
Freedom Front 17,964 1.38 −3.26 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 16,785 1.29 +1.29 0 0
African Christian Democratic Party 12,227 0.94 +0.58 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 9,613 0.74 −1.00 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 7,157 0.55 +0.55 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 6,759 0.52 +0.14 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 6,637 0.51 +0.51 0 0
Total 1,305,441 100.00 33
Spoilt votes 21,722

Northern CapeEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Northern Cape Provincial Legislature election results[9]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 210,837 64.32 +14.58 20 +5
New National Party[note 1] 79,214 24.17 −16.31 8 −4
Democratic Party 15,632 4.77 +2.90 1 0
Freedom Front 5,446 1.66 −4.31 1 −1
African Christian Democratic Party 5,004 1.53 +1.13 0 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 2,936 0.90 +0.90 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 2,158 0.66 −0.27 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 1,735 0.53 +0.53 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 1,728 0.53 +0.11 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 1,722 0.53 +0.53 0 0
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 1,360 0.41 +0.41 0 0
Total 327,772 100.00 30
Spoilt votes 4,897

Northern ProvinceEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Northern Province Legislature election results[10]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−[note 7]
African National Congress 1,464,432 88.29 −3.35 44 +6
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 41,700 2.51 +2.51 1 +1
New National Party[note 1] 28,159 1.70 −1.57 1 0
Democratic Party 23,486 1.42 +1.21 1 +1
Pan Africanist Congress 23,325 1.41 +0.14 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party 18,281 1.10 +0.72 1 +1
Ximoko Party[note 8] 13,817 0.83 +0.57 0 0
Freedom Front 10,727 0.65 −1.50 0 −1
Azanian People's Organisation[note 2] 8,931 0.54 +0.54 0 0
Dabalorivhuwa Patriotic Front[note 2] 8,229 0.50 +0.50 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 6,598 0.40 +0.40 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 5,644 0.34 +0.22 0 0
Federal Alliance[note 2] 5,365 0.32 +0.32 0 0
Total 1,658,694 100.00 49
Spoilt votes 25,137

Western CapeEdit

e • d Summary of the 2 June 1999 Western Cape Provincial Parliament election results[11]
Party Votes % +/− Seats +/−
African National Congress 668,106 42.07 +9.07 18 +4
New National Party[note 1] 609,612 38.39 −14.86 17 −6
Democratic Party 189,183 11.91 +5.27 5 +2
African Christian Democratic Party 44,323 2.79 +1.59 1 0
United Democratic Movement[note 2] 38,071 2.40 +2.40 1 +1
Africa Moral Party[note 9] 9,513 0.60 −0.38 0 0
Pan Africanist Congress 7,708 0.49 −0.58 0 0
Freedom Front 6,394 0.40 −1.66 0 −1
Federal Alliance[note 2] 4,153 0.26 +0.26 0 0
Inkatha Freedom Party 2,895 0.18 −0.17 0 0
Afrikaner Eenheidsbeweging[note 2] 2,854 0.18 +0.18 0 0
Government by the People Green Party[note 10] 2,453 0.15 +0.03 0 0
National Coalition Party[note 2] 1,126 0.07 +0.07 0 0
People's Liberation Party[note 2] 915 0.06 +0.06 0 0
Workers International Vanguard League[note 11] 672 0.04 0.00 0 0
Total 1,587,978 100.00 42
Spoilt votes 13,499

NCOP seatsEdit

The National Council of Provinces (NCOP) consists of 90 members, ten elected by each provincial legislature. The Members of NCOP have to be elected in proportion to the party membership of the provincial legislature.

e • d Determination of delegates to the National Council of Provinces after the 2 June 1999 provincial elections[12]
Party Delegate type EC FS G KZN M NW NC NP WC Total
African National Congress Permanent 4 4 4 2 5 4 4 5 2 34 63
Special 3 4 3 2 4 4 3 4 2 29
New National Party Permanent 1 1 1 2 2 7 10
Special 1 2 3
Democratic Party Permanent 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 8
Special 1 1
Inkatha Freedom Party Permanent 2 2 4
Special 2 2
United Democratic Movement Permanent 1 1 2 3
Special 1 1
African Christian Democratic Party Permanent 1 1
United Christian Democratic Party Permanent 1 1
Total 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 90

Notes to the tablesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Successor to the National Party.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb Party did not contest the previous election to this legislature.
  3. ^ The legislature expanded from 56 to 63 members at this election.
  4. ^ The legislature shrank from 86 to 73 members at this election.
  5. ^ The legislature shrank from 81 to 80 members at this election.
  6. ^ The legislature expanded from 30 to 33 members at this election.
  7. ^ The legislature expanded from 40 to 49 members at this election.
  8. ^ Successor to the Ximoko Progressive Party.
  9. ^ The Africa Muslim Party registered as the Africa Moral Party in this election.
  10. ^ Successor to the Green Party.
  11. ^ Successor to the Workers International to Rebuild the Fourth International.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Republic of South Africa Totals". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 14 December 2010. 
  2. ^ BBC
  3. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Eastern Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  4. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Free State". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  5. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Gauteng". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  6. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - KwaZulu-Natal". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  7. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Mpumalanga". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  8. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - North West". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  9. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Northern Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  10. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Limpopo". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 16 December 2010. 
  11. ^ "June 2, 1999 General Election Results - Western Cape". Election Resources on the Internet. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  12. ^ South Africa Survey 2002/03. South African Institute of Race Relations. 2003. p. 470.