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Northampton railway station

Northampton railway station serves the large town of Northampton in England. It is on the Northampton Loop of the West Coast Main Line. The station is served by West Midlands Trains services southbound to London Euston and northbound to Birmingham New Street and Crewe. A handful of Virgin Trains services also serve the station.

Northampton National Rail
New Northampton station 2015.jpg
Station frontage
Location
PlaceNorthampton
Local authorityBorough of Northampton
Grid referenceSP747604
Operations
Station codeNMP
Managed byLondon Northwestern Railway
Number of platforms5
DfT categoryC1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2013/14Increase 2.783 million
2014/15Increase 2.864 million
2015/16Increase 3.035 million
2016/17Increase 3.147 million
2017/18Increase 3.175 million
History
Original companyLondon and North Western Railway
Post-groupingLondon, Midland and Scottish Railway
London Midland Region of British Railways
16 February 1859Opened as Northampton Castle
1880-1881Rebuilt
1965-66Remodelled
27 September 1965Closure of motive power depot
18 April 1966Renamed Northampton
12 January 2015New station building opened
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Northampton from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.

Until the 1960s, the station was known as Northampton Castle, as it is built on the site of the former castle of that name. As part of the station's redevelopment in 2015, it was proposed to revert to this name. However, that did not happen.[1]

FacilitiesEdit

The station has toilets, a newsagent, coffee shops, and a car hire office. As part of the re-development in 2015 there were proposals to build a multi-storey car park with direct access to the station.[citation needed]

ServicesEdit

Northampton is served by West Midlands Trains services to London Euston and Birmingham New Street. WMT maintain their fleet of Class 350 EMUs at the Siemens depot just to the north of the station, as well as maintaining a Train Crew Depot at the station.

The typical Monday-Saturday off-peak service consists of:

Southbound
Northbound

The service along the Trent Valley Line to Crewe via Nuneaton and Stafford no longer calls here (since December 2012); this service now runs on the direct (fast) lines between Milton Keynes Central and Rugby arising from the London Midland decision to run 110mph regional services on the West Coast Main Line.[2] Passengers wishing to travel from Northampton to Crewe now have to change at Rugby. However, there are still six Crewe services on Mondays to Fridays (Three in the mornings, three in the evenings), three on Saturdays (In the morning only) and an hourly service on Sundays.[3]

 
London Midland service at Northampton in 2012 prior to rebuilding.

Virgin Trains operate two trains per day to London Euston (southbound only); one in the early morning and one in the late evening. These services originate from Rugby or Wolverhampton. However no northbound Virgin services are timetabled as serving Northampton. The lack of fast services at Northampton is caused by the town being bypassed by the fast lines of the West Coast Main Line (which follow the original route of the London and Birmingham Railway). Connections to Manchester and other long-distance destinations can be made by changing at Milton Keynes Central.

Preceding station   National Rail Following station
Rugby   London Northwestern Railway
London - Crewe
(off peak only)
  Terminus or
Milton Keynes Central
Terminus   London Northwestern Railway
London-Northampton
  Wolverton
Long Buckby
  London Northwestern Railway
London/Northampton - Birmingham
  Terminus
or Wolverton
Rugby
  Virgin Trains
Birmingham New Street to London Euston
(off peak only)
  Milton Keynes Central or
London Euston
Disused railways
Pitsford and Brampton
Line and station closed
  London and North Western Railway
Northampton to Market Harborough line
  Northampton Bridge
Street

Line and station closed
Terminus   London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Bedford to Northampton Line
  Piddington
Line and station closed
  Historical railways  
Church Brampton
Line open, station closed
  London and North Western Railway
Northampton Loop
  Roade
Line open, station closed

HistoryEdit

Railways in the vicinity of Northampton in 1930
Railways in the vicinity of Northampton in 2019

At one time there were three railway stations in Northampton: Northampton (Bridge Street), Northampton (St. John's Street) and Northampton (Castle), only the last of which now survives as the town's only station.

The railway reaches NorthamptonEdit

Although the promoters of the London and Birmingham Railway had considered routes passing close to Northampton in 1830, the town was skirted by the final choice of alignment via Blisworth and a loop line to remedy this had to wait for several decades.[4] The decision to omit Northampton was not due to local opposition but rather engineering decisions taken by the railway company's engineer Robert Stephenson.[5][6] The 120 ft (37 m) difference in gradient in the 4 mi (6.4 km) between Northampton and Blisworth, on the floor of the Nene Valley, is likely to have played a key role in the decision.[7] Robert Stephenson is reported to have said that he could easily get trains into the town but not out again.[7] As a result, Northampton lost out as a commercial centre to towns such as Leicester which had better transport links.[7] The town was considered as the southern terminus of the Midland Counties Railway in 1833 but lost out to Rugby on account of the shorter distance with Leicester.[8]

Bridge Street station on the Northampton and Peterborough Railway from Blisworth to Peterborough East was thus the first station in Northampton, opening on 13 May 1845.[9]

1858 stationEdit

Following the discovery of a large quantity of ironstone in Northamptonshire in 1851, a proposal was made by the London and North Western Railway (L&NWR) for an 18 mi (29 km) line from Market Harborough to Northampton which received Parliamentary approval in 1853.[10] The line's terminus in Northampton was to be on part of the old orchard of Northampton Castle which had been purchased in 1852 by the Reverend Havilland de Sausmarez, the absentee Rector of the Parish of St Peter, as the site of a new rectory.[11] The L&NWR agreed to purchase the land for £5,250, to complete the parsonage and to rent it back to the Reverend.[11] Tenders were advertised for the line in 1858 and the lowest offer of £81,637 by Richard Dunkley of Blisworth was accepted.[12] The contractor had been an unsuccessful bidder for the contract to build Bridge Street station.[13] Dunkley was also the successful tenderer for the line's stations, including Castle station at a cost of £612.[14]

It would be the most basic structure on the line with no goods facilities, limited passenger waiting accommodation and an awning over the single platform.[15] Goods traffic was to be dealt with at Bridge Street.[16] The station opened with the line on 16 February 1859.[17][18][19][20][21] It was described in the L&NWR's minutes as a "very unassuming edifice", giving the impression that it was "merely temporary in nature" until traffic developed to a sufficient level to allow a "more imposing" structure to be built.[22]

1880-81 rebuildingEdit

 
1900s postcard of the exterior of Castle station.

The advent of the Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Railway to tap the coalfields of Nottinghamshire and Yorkshire led the L&NWR to quadruple its main line between Bletchley and Rugby and also to consider ways in which Northampton might be better served.[23] In 1875, the L&NWR obtained powers to quadruple the main line north from Bletchley to Roade, with the two new tracks (the "slow lines") diverging at Roade so as to form a new line (the "Northampton Loop") through Northampton.[24] The result of these works would be to put Northampton on an important coal artery from Nottingham and the North to the L&NWR's Camden goods depot.[25]

Additional land would have to be purchased at Castle station to allow for expanded passenger facilities and goods facilities.[26] Owing to the proximity of the River Nene, the only way this could be done was to expand onto the site of Northampton Castle.[26] On 18 December 1876, the L&NWR purchased the site from William Walker and subsequently demolished the remains of the castle except for the postern gate which, following a local petition, was moved to a new site in the boundary wall of the new station where it remains to this day.[27][26] £30,000 was allowed by the L&NWR board for the improvement of passenger facilities[28] and a goods shed was constructed on the site of the castle in 1880.[24] The rebuilt station opened with the Loop Line north to Rugby on 1 December 1881 followed by the line south to Roade on 3 April 1882.[24][29] It comprised three through platforms and five terminal bays.[30] Platform 1, which was sited on the east side of the running lines, was considered as the main up platform; it had two adjoining bay platforms, numbered 2 and 3.[30] Platforms 4 and 5 were located at the south end of platform 1, while the two sides of an island platform on the down side of the station were platforms 6 and 7.[30] A further down bay platform was situated at the north end of platform 6, along with other bays and loading docks for parcels and sundries traffic.[30]

The main station building, a two-storey structure in the Italianate style, was located on the up side and consisted of a central block with two cross-wings.[30] The wings had gable roofs, whereas the central part had a low-pitched hipped roof.[30] Two standard L&NWR signal cabins were positioned to the north and south of the platforms, these being known respectively as Northampton No. 1 and No. 2 boxes.[30] Other signal cabins, Northampton No. 3 and No. 4, were sited further north and controlled extensive marshalling yards.[30] A fifth cabin at Duston West Junction lay to the south-west; it controlled the apex of the Northampton triangle.[30] No. 2 was the largest signal cabin with 118 levers which controlled the country end of the station, access to the goods shed and the south end of the goods yard.[31]

Modern timesEdit

Line closuresEdit

 
Castle to Bridge Street ticket from 1957.

No further significant changes took place prior to nationalisation except for an increase in the number of sidings at the station.[32] One notable change was the traffic diverted from Northampton St John's following its closure in 1939.[33][34][35][36]

Closures accelerated under British Railways with the withdrawal of services from Bridge Street station, which lost much if not all of its significance following the opening of the Loop,[25] on 4 May 1964[9][35] when the Northampton to Peterborough line was closed, leaving only Castle station serving the town.[27] As a result, Castle station was renamed Northampton on 18 April 1966.[9][37] In addition, the bay platforms 4 and 5 were removed and the area converted into an overflow car park.[38] The Great Northern and London and North Western Joint Line closed to all passenger traffic except for a workmen's service on 7 December 1953; the workmen's service between Market Harborough and East Norton ended on 20 May 1957.[39] The section between Welham Junction and Marefield North Junction closed on November 1963, followed by the Rugby and Stamford Railway on 6 June 1966.[39] The line to Market Harborough closed on 15 August 1981.[40]

1965-66 remodellingEdit

 
Frontage of the rebuilt 1960s station in 1967

The station was chosen by British Rail for complete rebuilding in 1965-66 to designs by the architect Ray Moorcroft, as part of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line between Euston and Liverpool.[41][39][27] The Victorian station was demolished to be replaced by new structures which were described as "three cowsheds bolted together"[42] and as being of "questionable architectural merit".[30] The station layout remained unchanged: three long through platforms and a number of terminal bays.[43][30] Standard colour-light signalling was installed in the area but control was not centralised.[43] The current was switched on for the first time between Hillmorton Junction to Northampton on 6 June 1965 for insulation tests, with steam locomotives being withdrawn from the area on 27 September 1965.[41]

2013-14 rebuildingEdit

 
Frontage of new Northampton Station opened in January 2015.

By the late 2000s, the station had become inadequate for the size of the town which it served and the 2.5 million passengers who used it each year.[42] Following the designation of Northampton Waterside as an enterprise zone in August 2011,[44] plans to replace the existing station with a new two-storey glass and steel structure were approved by the West Northamptonshire Development Corporation.[45]

The redevelopment included a new 2,500 m2 (27,000 sq ft) station building nearly twice the size of the existing one, a new 1,270 space multi-storey car park, new footbridge and platform canopies, new approach roads and associated junction improvements, as well as a 28,000 m2 (300,000 sq ft) commercial development.[46][47] Funding for the new station was agreed in May 2012 when the coalition government agreed to provide £10m, with the remaining £10m coming from Network Rail and Northamptonshire County Council.[48] Construction work began in August 2013.[49] The new station opened on 12 January 2015.[50][51][51] This was followed by demolition of the old station and construction of a new station building. It is planned to build a new 1550 space multi-storey car park, with direct access to the booking hall, this is being developed by Northampton Borough Council and Network Rail as part of a wider proposal to develop the surrounding land for housing and commercial use.[citation needed]

Proposed renamingEdit

Northamptonshire County Council wanted to rename the station "Northampton Castle" in recognition of the site's history.[52] The change, reported to cost £200,000,[52] looked unlikely to go ahead as of November 2015.[citation needed]

MediaEdit

The 2005 film Kinky Boots featured a station named 'Northampton', although the scenes were filmed at nearby Wellingborough on the Midland Main Line.[citation needed]

 
A SLS special calls on 14 April 1962, before 1965 remodelling

Accidents and incidentsEdit

  • On 27 April 1989, a passenger train hauled by Class 85 locomotive 85 102 was derailed south of the station.[53]

Locomotive facilitiesEdit

Motive power depotsEdit

For several years after 1849 engines were stabled in the open on a siding set aside for this purpose.[54] The first shed was a wooden structure opened in c. 1850 by the London and Birmingham Railway which was blown down in 1852.[55] A brick built replacement was provided in 1855 which was later enlarged in 1870 to receive extra locomotives from Wolverton shed which closed in 1874.[54] In 1881, a large 10-road replacement shed was constructed in the triangle of lines to the south of the station, with the 1855 shed subsequently used for carriage storage.[54][55] This shed, which was often referred to as Bridge Street, was located near the Grand Union Canal and could accommodate 50 engines.[54] Measuring 228 ft × 132 ft (69 m × 40 m) with a 42 ft (13 m) turntable, the shed was initially coded as No. 5 and became No. 6 on the opening of Bescot.[54] For administrative purposes, it was merged with Colwick shed upon the grouping and both remained under the control of the same shed foreman until Colwick's closure in 1932.[54] Northampton was coded 2C in 1935 when it was merged with Rugby shed; it remained 2C until December 1963 when it was recoded 1H by British Railways.[54]

Initially 16 locomotives were allocated to Northampton shed in the 1860s, a figure which had risen to 36 by 1925 despite receiving the allocation of the ex-Midland shed at Hardingstone Lane in 1924.[54] The stock level rose under British Railways when it comprised 8Fs, 4Fs and LNWR 0-8-0s for freight workings, 'Black Fives', 2-6-2Ts and 4-4-0s for passenger services, while a few 3Fs and a single Webb 2-4-2T were used for shunting.[54]

A re-arrangement of the offices and stores took place in 1927 under the London, Midland and Scottish Railway at a cost of nearly £1,000; the roof was also replaced by one with a 'louvre' pattern.[54] A new 60 ft (18 m) turntable was installed in 1938 by the south-east corner of the building.[54] Further modernisation took place in 1952 when ash and coaling plants were erected by British Railways, together with a new 70,000 imp gal (320,000 l) structure.[54] The shed was closed, along with Willesden shed, as from 27 September 1965, a consequence of the electrification of the West Coast Main Line.[54]

King's Heath depotEdit

To the north of the station is a five-road Siemens rolling stock maintenance depot which officially opened on 27 June 2006; the depot is responsible for West Midland Train's entire Class 350 Desiro fleet which were introduced in June 2005.[56]

ReferencesEdit

Northampton loop
Trent Valley Junction
Rugby
Hillmorton Junction
Rugby Parkway
(proposed)
Kilsby and Crick
Daventry South Junction
Crick Tunnel
Watford Lodge Tunnel
Long Buckby
Althorp Park
Church Brampton
Northampton
Northampton–Peterboro’ line
& Bedford–Northampton line
Blisworth
Roade
Hanslope Junction
Castlethorpe
Wolverton
Milton Keynes Central

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Northampton rail station's £200K name plan attacked". BBC News Online. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014.
  2. ^ "London Midland Reveals Details of its "Project 110"". rail.co.uk. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  3. ^ GB National Rail Timetable December 2015 – May 2016, Tables 67 & 68
  4. ^ Gough (1984), p. 8.
  5. ^ Wake (1935), p. 17.
  6. ^ Hatley (1959), pp. 305-309.
  7. ^ a b c Engel (2009), p. 61.
  8. ^ Gough (1984), p. 9.
  9. ^ a b c Butt (1995), p. 172.
  10. ^ Gough (1984), pp. 19, 23 and 28.
  11. ^ a b Gough (1984), p. 30.
  12. ^ Gough (1984), pp. 32-33.
  13. ^ Gough (1984), p. 33.
  14. ^ Gough (1984), pp. 41-42.
  15. ^ Gough (1984), p. 42.
  16. ^ Kingscott (2008), p. 69.
  17. ^ Leleux (1984), p. 54.
  18. ^ Harrison, Chaz (11 August 2009). "Ever wondered what lies beneath?". BBC News. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  19. ^ William Page, ed. (1930). "The borough of Northampton: Introduction". A History of the County of Northampton. 3. pp. 1–26. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  20. ^ Building Design Partnership (November 2006). "Northampton Central Area Design, development and movement framework (Final Report)" (PDF). para. 2.15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  21. ^ Quick (2009), p. 295.
  22. ^ Gough (1984), p. 52.
  23. ^ Gough (1984), p. 61.
  24. ^ a b c Leleux (1984), p. 56.
  25. ^ a b Gough (1984), p. 76.
  26. ^ a b c Gough (1984), p. 63.
  27. ^ a b c Kingscott (2008), p. 70.
  28. ^ Gough (1984), p. 74.
  29. ^ Gough (1984), p. 75.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Jenkins (2016), p. 27.
  31. ^ Adams (2012), p. 106.
  32. ^ Gough (1984), p. 81.
  33. ^ Butt (1995), p. 173.
  34. ^ Kingscott (2008), p. 143.
  35. ^ a b Mitchell & Smith (2007), fig. 62.
  36. ^ Clinker (1988), p. 102.
  37. ^ Mitchell & Smith (2007), fig. XVII.
  38. ^ Adams (2012), pp. 98-99.
  39. ^ a b c Gough (1984), p. 85.
  40. ^ Gough (1984), p. 87.
  41. ^ a b Milner & Banks (2001), p. 66.
  42. ^ a b Adams (2012), p. 92.
  43. ^ a b Gough (1984), p. 86.
  44. ^ HM Treasury (17 August 2011). "The Government announces 11 new Enterprise Zones to accelerate local growth, as part of the Plan for Growth". Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  45. ^ "Northampton's Castle station plans approved". BBC News Online. 12 August 2011. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  46. ^ West Northamptonshire Development Corporation (28 June 2012). "Redevelopment of Northampton rail station a step closer". Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  47. ^ West Northamptonshire Development Corporation (15 October 2012). "Preparations for £20m Station to commence". Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  48. ^ "Northampton railway station redevelopment funding agreed". BBC News Online. 14 May 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  49. ^ "Work begins on Northampton's new £20m railway station". Northampton Chronicle & Echo. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  50. ^ "BREAKING NEWS: Northampton railway station to open no later than January 12 - Northampton Chronicle and Echo". Northampton Chronicle & Echo. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  51. ^ a b Milner, Chris (February 2015). "Northampton's £20 million station opens after delay". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 161 no. 1367. p. 83.
  52. ^ a b "Northampton rail station's £200K name plan attacked". BBC News Online. 9 April 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  53. ^ McCrickard, John P (6 October 2016). "January 1989 to December 1989". Network South East Railway Society. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  54. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Hawkins & Reeve (1981), p. 162.
  55. ^ a b Griffiths (1999), p. 157.
  56. ^ Mitchell & Smith (2007), fig. 70.

SourcesEdit

  • Adams, Will (2012). Northamptonshire - Part 1: South and West. British Railways Past and Present. Kettering: Past & Present Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85895-284-0. No. 65.
  • Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199.
  • Clinker, C.R. (1988) [1978]. Clinker's Register of Closed Passenger Stations and Goods Depots in England, Scotland and Wales 1830–1980 (2nd ed.). Bristol: Avon-Anglia Publications & Services. ISBN 978-0-905466-91-0. OCLC 655703233.
  • Engel, Matthew (2009). Eleven Minutes Late: A train journey into the soul of Britain. London: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-70898-3.
  • Gough, John (1984). The Northampton & Harborough Line. Oakham: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 0-901461-35-0.
  • Griffiths, Roger (1999). The directory of British engine sheds and principal locomotive servicing points: 1. Oxford: OPC. ISBN 0860935426.
  • Hatley, Victor (1959). "Northampton Re-vindicated: More light on Why the Main Line Missed the Town". Northamptonshire Past and Present. II (6): 305–309. OL 22383432M.
  • Hawkins, Chris; Reeve, George (1981). LMS Engine Sheds: The L&NWR. 1. Upper Bucklebury: Wild Swan. ISBN 0-906867-02-9.
  • Jenkins, Stanley C. (April 2016). "Steam days at Northampton". Steam Days (320): 15–28.
  • Kingscott, Geoffrey (2008). Lost Railways of Northamptonshire. Newbury, Berkshire: Countryside Books. ISBN 978-1-84674-108-1.
  • Leleux, Robin (1984) [1976]. A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain: The East Midlands. 9. Newton Abbot, Devon: David St. John Thomas. ISBN 978-0-946537-06-8.
  • Milner, Chris; Banks, Chris (2001) [1991]. The East Midlands. British Railways Past and Present. Kettering: Past & Present Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85895-112-6. No. 10.
  • Mitchell, Victor E.; Smith, Keith A. (June 2007). Bletchley to Rugby (including Newport Pagnell and Northampton). Midhurst, West Sussex: Middleton Press. ISBN 978-1-906008-07-9.
  • Quick, Michael (2009) [2001]. Railway passenger stations in Great Britain: a chronology (4th ed.). Oxford: Railway and Canal Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-901461-57-5. OCLC 612226077.
  • Wake, Joan (1935). Northampton Vindicated or Why the Main Line Missed the Town. Northampton: Joan Wake. ASIN B0018GPKOQ.

Further readingEdit

  • Healy, John M.C. (1989). The Last Days of Steam in Northamptonshire. Gloucester: Sutton. ISBN 0-86299-613-9.

External linksEdit