North and Middle Andaman district

North and Middle Andaman district is one of the 3 districts of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands located in the Bay of Bengal. Mayabunder town is the district headquarters. The area covered by this district is 3251.85 km2.

North and Middle Andaman district
North and Middle Andaman district is located in India
North and Middle Andaman district
Coordinates: 12°55′12″N 92°54′00″E / 12.92000°N 92.90000°E / 12.92000; 92.90000Coordinates: 12°55′12″N 92°54′00″E / 12.92000°N 92.90000°E / 12.92000; 92.90000
Country India
Union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands
CapitalMayabunder
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitenorthmiddle.andaman.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19016,999—    
19116,807−0.28%
19216,874+0.10%
19317,417+0.76%
19418,225+1.04%
19517,317−1.16%
196118,901+9.96%
197135,605+6.54%
198158,716+5.13%
199184,312+3.68%
2001105,613+2.28%
2011105,597−0.00%
source:[1]

This district was created on August 18, 2006, by bifurcating the erstwhile Andaman district,[2] which included all three tehsils of Mayabunder sub-division of this erstwhile district.

GeographyEdit

North and Middle Andaman district occupies an area of 3,227 square kilometres (1,246 sq mi).[3]

DemographyEdit

According to the 2011 census North and Middle Andaman district has a population of 105,597,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Tonga.[5] This gives it a ranking of 614th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometre (83/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was -0.07%.[4] North And Middle Andaman has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 84.25%.[4]

LanguageEdit

North and Middle Andaman district in 2011 census

  Bengali (53.79%)
  Sadri (11.06%)
  Telugu (6.47%)
  Kurukh (6.17%)
  Hindi (5.99%)
  Tamil (5.94%)
  Malalyalam (3.15%)
  S'gaw Karen (1.89%)
  Nicobarese (0.57%)
  Others (4.97%)

Bengali is the most spoken language in North and Middle Andaman Islands. As of 2011 census, Bengali is spoken as the first language by 53.79 per cent of the district's population followed by Sadri (11.06%), Telegu (6.47%), Kurukh (6.17%), Hindi (5.99%), Tamil (5.94%), Malayalam (3.5%), Nicobarese (0.57%) and others.[6]

Karen people, a Sino-Tibetan ethnic group from Kayin State, Myanmar, numbering about 2000 people are also present in eight villages in the Mayabunder and Diglipur tehsils:[7]

ReligionEdit

Religion in North and Middle Andaman district (2011 census)[8]

  Hinduism (76.86%)
  Christianity (20.71%)
  Islam (2.05%)
  Buddhist (0.08%)
  Sikhism (0.07%)
  Others (0.22%)

Hinduism is followed by majority of the people in North and Middle Andaman district. Christianity is followed by a considerable population. [8]

DivisionsEdit

The district comprises 3 tehsils, Diglipur, Mayabunder and Rangat.

EconomyEdit

As of 2010, the district's chief agricultural products were rice (about 6500 ha), coconuts (3600 ha), rabi pulses (2900 ha), areca nuts (1300 ha), and bananas (650 ha).[9]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andaman Islands: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1208. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Tonga 105,916 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.
  7. ^ Sameera Maiti (2004), "The Karen – A Lesser Known Community of the Andaman Islands" (PDF), ISLANDS of the WORLD VIII International Conference - “Changing Islands – Changing Worlds”, 1–7 November 2004, Kinmen Island (Quemoy), Taiwan
  8. ^ a b "North and Middle Andaman District Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  9. ^ Government of India (2011), Andaman and Nicobar Islands Statistical Hand-Book - North and Middle Andaman, 2007-08 To 2009-10[permanent dead link]

External linksEdit