South Andaman district

South Andaman district is one of the 3 districts of the Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands located in the Bay of Bengal. Port Blair town, the capital of the Union Territory is the district headquarters. The area covered by this district is 2,640 km².

South Andaman district
South Andaman district is located in India
South Andaman district
Coordinates: 11°40′12″N 92°44′24″E / 11.67000°N 92.74000°E / 11.67000; 92.74000Coordinates: 11°40′12″N 92°44′24″E / 11.67000°N 92.74000°E / 11.67000; 92.74000
Country India
Union territory Andaman and Nicobar Islands
HeadquarterPort Blair
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Websitesouthandaman.nic.in

HistoryEdit

This district was created on August 18, 2006, by bifurcating the erstwhile Andaman district.[1]

GeographyEdit

South Andaman district occupies an area of 3,181 square kilometres (1,228 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Mansel Island.[3]

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census South Andaman district has a population of 238,142,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Vanuatu.[5] This gives it a ranking of 584th in India (out of a total of 640).[4] The district has a population density of 80 inhabitants per square kilometre (210/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.97%.[4] South Andaman has a sex ratio of 874 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 88.49%.[4]

Four of the indigenous Andamanese peoples, namely, Onges, Jarawas, Great Andamanese and Sentinelese live in this district.

LanguageEdit

South Andaman district in 2011 census

  Bengali (21.07%)
  Tamil (20.70%)
  Hindi (18.40%)
  Telugu (17.66%)
  Malayalam (9.85%)
  Sadri (3.35%)
  Kurukh (3.07%)
  Nicobarese (1.67%)
  Others (4.24%)

As of 2011 census, Bengali is spoken as the first language by 21.07 per cent of the district's population followed by Tamil (20.70%), Hindi (18.40%), Telugu (17.66%), Malayalam (9.85%), Sadri (3.34%),Kurukh (3.07%), Nicobarese (1.67%) and others.[6]

ReligionEdit

Religion in North and Middle Andaman district (2011 census)[7]

  Hinduism (73.26%)
  Christianity (13.87%)
  Islam (12.14%)
  Sikhism (0.36%)
  Buddhist (0.06%)
  Others (0.31%)
 
Sri Vettimalai Mutugan temple in Port Blair

Hinduism is followed by majority of the people in South Andaman district. Christianity and Islam are followed by a considerable population. [7]

DivisionsEdit

The district comprises 3 tehsils, Port Blair, Ferrargunj and Little Andaman.

Climate data for Port Blair
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
30.2
(86.4)
31.5
(88.7)
32.5
(90.5)
31.1
(88.0)
29.6
(85.3)
29.2
(84.6)
29.1
(84.4)
29.1
(84.4)
29.6
(85.3)
29.7
(85.5)
29.4
(84.9)
30.0
(86.1)
Average low °C (°F) 23.1
(73.6)
22.5
(72.5)
23.2
(73.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.7
(76.5)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.9
(75.0)
23.6
(74.5)
23.8
(74.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 46.4
(1.83)
26.5
(1.04)
29.3
(1.15)
69.0
(2.72)
360.4
(14.19)
501.1
(19.73)
423.7
(16.68)
425.1
(16.74)
463.0
(18.23)
300.7
(11.84)
235.0
(9.25)
154.6
(6.09)
3,034.8
(119.49)
[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (2011-09-25). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andaman Islands: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1208. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Mansel Island 2,640km2
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue". Census of India 2011. Office of the Registrar General.
  7. ^ a b "South Andaman District Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 16 April 2021.

External linksEdit