The North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region is one of two autonomous regions in Nicaragua. It was created by the Autonomy Statute of 7 September 1987. It covers an area of 33,106 km2 and has a population of 541,189 (2021 estimate). It is the largest autonomous region or department in Nicaragua. The capital is Puerto Cabezas. It contains part of the region known as the Mosquito Coast.
North Caribbean Coast Autonomous Region
Región Autónoma de la Costa Caribe Norte
|Largest city||Puerto Cabezas|
|• Type||Devolved government under presidential republic|
|• Body||Regional Council|
|• Regional Coordinator (Governor)||TBDL leader (FSLN)|
|Regional Council||47 councilors|
|National Assembly||2 deputies (of 92)|
The North Autonomous Caribbean Coast has a Regional Council of representatives of different political parties, such as the Sandinistas (FSLN) and YATAMA (ethnic indigenous party), as well as all the municipalities. They hold sessions in an Assembly in Puerto Cabezas.
The North Autonomous Caribbean Coast, in addition to Mestizos, contains populations from different indigenous groups, including the Miskitos, Mayangnas, and others. Regional official languages are Creole (Miskito Coast Creole and Rama Cay Creole), Miskito, Sumo (Mayangna and Ulwa), Garifuna, and Rama, in addition to the national official language of Spanish, most males in Puerto Cabezas speak some English from when it was a US fruit plantation.
The RACCN contains eight municipalities:
- Citypopulation.de Population of departments in Nicaragua
- The autonomous regions of Nicaragua's Caribbean Coast
- From Conflict to Autonomy in Nicaragua: Lessons Learnt – report by Minority Rights Group International, April 2007