Norman Parkinson, CBE (21 April 1913 – 15 February 1990) was a celebrated English portrait and fashion photographer.
Parkinson (birth name Ronald William Parkinson Smith) was born in London, and educated at Westminster School. He began his career in 1931 as an apprentice to the court photographers, Speaight and Sons Ltd. In 1934 he opened his own studio together with Norman Kibblewhite, at 1,Dover Street off London's Piccadilly. From 1935 to 1940 he worked for Harper's Bazaar and Bystander magazines. During the Second World War he served as a reconnaissance photographer over France for the Royal Air Force. He first married in 1935 in Hampstead to Margaret (Peggy) Mitchell-Banks. His second marriage was to another fashion model Thelma Woolley in 1942. In 1947 he first met the actress his most important muse and model Wenda Rogerson who became his third wife in 1951. From 1945 to 1960 he was employed as a portrait and fashion photographer for Vogue. From 1960 to 1964 he was an Associate Contributing Editor of Queen magazine. In 1963 he moved to Tobago, although frequently returned to London, and from 1964 until his death he worked as a freelance photographer. He was made a Commander of the Order of the British Empire in the 1981 New Year Honours. He was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1983 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews.
Parkinson always maintained he was a craftsman and not an artist. From his early days as a photographer up to his death he remained one of the foremost British portrait and fashion photographers. His work, following the lead of Martin Munkacsi at Harper's Bazaar, revolutionised the world of British fashion photography in the 1940s by bringing his models from the rigid studio environment into a far more dynamic outdoor setting. Humour played a central role in many of his photographs which often included himself. As well as magazine work he also created celebrated calendars featuring glamorous young women. His years as an official Royal Photographer began in 1969 when he took official photographs for Princess Anne’s 19th birthday and an Official photograph of Princess Charles investiture as Prince Of Wales. Official engagement photographs for Princess Anne followed by wedding consolidated his position. When previous royal photographer, Cecil Beaton, died in 1980, Parkinson took over. His Notable Royal portraits included Princess Anne in 1969 riding her horse in Windsor Great Park for her 19th birthday for Vogue magazine and official engagement and wedding photographs on the occasion of her marriage to Captain Mark Phillips in 1973 as well as Prince Charles’s Investiture as Prince Of Wales in 1969 and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother with her two daughters Princess Margaret and QueenElizabeth in 1980. In 1981, he was awarded the Royal Photographic Society's Progress Medal, which "carries with it an Honorary Fellowship of The Society" and later the Lifetime Achievement Award of the American Society of Magazine Photographers. In the same year a major retrospective exhibition was staged at London’s National Portrait Gallery. He received a Google Doodle on 21 April 2013, in honour of his work as well as a British postage stamp to mark the centenary of his birth.
- He also discovered model Celia Hammond for Queen magazine in 1959.
- He spotted Nena von Schlebrügge (the mother of Uma Thurman) at age 16 when she left her senior school in Stockholm, and brought her to London to model for Vogue magazine. In 1960 he also photographed Von Schlebrügge for Jaeger in New York for Queen.
- His photo of Jerry Hall sparked Bryan Ferry's interest to invite her over to star as the cover model for Roxy Music's fifth studio album, Siren.
Parkinson founded the now defunct sausage company Porkinson Bangers . After missing sausages whilst living on Tobago, he created his own recipe and marketed them in British supermarkets.
- Sisters under the skin, (1978), St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-72746-1
- Photographs by Norman Parkinson : Fifty Years of Portraits and Fashion by Terence Pepper, (1981), National Portrait Gallery, ISBN 0904017419
- Norman Parkinson: Lifework, (1984), The Vendome Press, ISBN 0-86565-031-4)
- Would you let your daughter? (1987), Weidenfeld and Nicolson, ISBN 0-297-78683-0)
- Norman Parkinson, (1987), Hamilton Galleries, ASIN: B0007BRZFA)
- Parkinson : Photographs 1935–1990 by Martin Harrison, (1994), Conrad Octopus ISBN 1-85029-533-6
- Norman Parkinson: Portraits in Fashion by Robin Muir, (2004), Trafalgar Square Publishing, ISBN 1-57076-277-5)
- Norman Parkinson: A Very British Glamour by Louise Baring, (2009), Rizzoli ISBN 978-0-8478-3342-9 – a tie-in with the exhibition of the same name at Somerset House, 9 October 2009 – 31 January 2010
- Norman Parkinson with the Beatles, introduction by Pat Gilbert, (2016), Rufus Publications
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Progress Medal". Royal Photographic Society. 1981. Retrieved 19 April 2013.
- "New Year Honours". The Times (60814). London: NI Group. 31 December 1980. p. 6.
- "Obituaries: Norman Parkinson". The Times (63631). London: NI Group. 16 February 1990. p. 14.
- McFadden, Robert D. (17 February 1990). "Norman Parkinson, photographer, Adventurer and Royal Gadfly". The New York Times. New York.
- Baring, Louise (10 October 2009). "Norman Parkinson: Never out of fashion". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "Norman Parkinson: legend behind a lens". Financial Times. London: Pearson PLC. 29 March 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2013.
- "About Porkinson". Retrieved 5 October 2018.