Norbert Lammert

Norbert Lammert (born 16 November 1948) is a German politician of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). He served as the 12th President of the Bundestag from 2005 to 2017.

Norbert Lammert
Lammert, Norbert-0829.jpg
Lammert in 2014
Chair of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation
Assumed office
1 December 2018
General SecretaryMichael Thielen
Preceded byHans-Gert Pöttering
President of the Bundestag
In office
18 October 2005 – 24 October 2017
Preceded byWolfgang Thierse
Succeeded byWolfgang Schäuble
Vice President of the Bundestag
In office
17 October 2002 – 18 October 2005
PresidentWolfgang Thierse
Preceded byRudolf Seiters
Succeeded byGerda Hasselfeldt
Parliamentary State Secretary for Transport
In office
15 May 1997 – 26 October 1998
ChancellorHelmut Kohl
Preceded byManfred Carstens
Succeeded byAchim Großmann
Parliamentary State Secretary for Economic Affairs
In office
17 November 1994 – 15 May 1997
ChancellorHelmut Kohl
Preceded byReinhard Göhner
Succeeded byHeinrich Leonhard Kolb
Parliamentary State Secretary for Education and Science
In office
21 April 1989 – 17 November 1994
ChancellorHelmut Kohl
Preceded byIrmgard Karwatzki
Succeeded byBernd Neumann
Member of the Bundestag
North Rhine-Westphalia
In office
5 October 1980 – 24 October 2017
Personal details
Born (1948-11-16) 16 November 1948 (age 72)
Bochum, Germany
Political partyChristian Democratic Union
Spouse(s)Gertrud
Children4
Alma materRuhr University Bochum
Signature
WebsiteOfficial website

Early life and educationEdit

The son of a baker,[1] Lammert attended gymnasium in Bochum where he studied classics. He obtained his abitur in 1967. He carried out military service in the Bundeswehr from 1967 to 1969. Following his military service he went on to the Ruhr University Bochum, which included a period abroad at the University of Oxford, where he studied political science and modern history. He went on and obtained his doctorate (Dr. rer. soc.) from the Ruhr University Bochum in 1975.

Political careerEdit

Having joined the CDU in 1966, he was deputy chairman of the Bochum branch of the CDU. From 1978–1984, he was deputy leader of a part (Westfalen-Lippe) of the North Rhine-Westphalian branch of the Junge Union, the CDU youth organization. In the 1980 national elections, he was elected to the Bundestag and has kept his mandate continuously until today. During his tenure in the Bundestag he served (as usual for all MPs) on several committees.[2]

 
Norbert Lammert in the German Bundestag, 2014

Following the 2005 federal elections in which the CDU became the strongest party and formed a grand coalition with the Social Democratic Party (SPD), Lammert was elected by the Bundestag on 18 October 2005 to replace Wolfgang Thierse of the SPD as its President. Lammert received 564 of 607 votes cast, including most of the SPD's votes. He was reelected to this post by the 17th Bundestag after the 2009 federal election with a similarly good result. In his capacity as president, he chairs the parliament’s Council of Elders, which – among other duties – determines daily legislative agenda items and assigning committee chairpersons based on party representation.

In the negotiations to form a Grand Coalition of the Christian Democrats (CDU together with the Bavarian CSU) and the SPD following the 2013 federal elections, Lammert was part of the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on cultural and media affairs, led by Michael Kretschmer and Klaus Wowereit.

When Federal President Joachim Gauck announced in June 2016 that he would not stand for reelection, Lammert was soon mentioned by German and international media as likely successor.[3][4]

In October 2016, Lammert announced that he would not stand in the 2017 federal elections and resign from active politics by the end of the parliamentary term.[5] Following the election, he took on the role of chairman of the Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS).

Political positionsEdit

Role of the parliamentEdit

Throughout his tenure, Lammert has not shied from speaking out against the government about potential threats to parliament's role.[6] He became widely respected for upholding parliamentarians' rights, including leading the way in condemning the 1915 Armenian massacres as a Turkish genocide in 2016.[7] In 2011, he questioned why the Bundestag had not been consulted on Chancellor Angela Merkel's decision to close all nuclear plants following Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster.[8] He has insisted that members of parliament be consulted fully on the bailout schemes for the euro zone debt crisis.[9]

European integrationEdit

In 2012, Lammert said he wants a financial transaction tax to be introduced in as many countries as possible, “at least” in the Eurozone.[10] Later that year, he demanded that the EU not take in new members for the time being because of the European debt crisis and also expressed doubts that Croatia was ready to join;[11] Croatia eventually joined the EU in 2013.

Human rightsEdit

Following the Charlie Hebdo shooting in 2015, Lammert criticized Saudi Arabia for condemning the Paris attacks as a violation of Islam, "then two days later letting the blogger Raif Badawi be flogged in public in Jeddah for insulting Islam".[12] Ahead of Egyptian president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi's first official visit to Germany in June 2015, Lammert announced that he would not meet the former army chief, citing "an unbelievable number of death sentences".[13]

In February 2016, Lammert visited the Zaatari refugee camp in Jordan to learn more about the plight of Syrians fleeing the violence in the ongoing Syrian civil war that erupted in 2011.[14]

In June 2017, Lammert voted against Germany’s introduction of same-sex marriage.[15]

ControversyEdit

Party financingEdit

In December 2010, Lammert imposed on the CDU a fine of 1.2 million euros ($1.6 million) for breaching party donation rules, for party funding violations in the western state of Rhineland-Palatinate at the time of the regional election in 2006.[16]

Plagiarism allegationsEdit

In July 2013, an anonymous internet blogger, using the name of Robert Schmidt, accused Lammert of having plagiarized other works when writing his dissertation.[17] Lammert rejected this reproach and asked the University of Bochum to check his dissertation; he also published it via internet. High-ranking politicians of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and of the German Green Party underlined that there should be no condemnation(s) in advance.[18] In November 2013 the university finished a thorough investigation and came to the conclusion that, although the dissertation contained "avoidable shortcomings in the citations", those did not constitute plagiarism.[19]

Other activitiesEdit

Corporate boardsEdit

  • RAG-Stiftung, Member of the Board of Trustees (since 2017)
  • RAG AG, Member of the Supervisory Board
  • Evonik Industries, Member of the Supervisory Board (2005-2007)
  • RTL Television, Member of the Program Committee (1998-2007)

Non-profit organizationsEdit

RecognitionEdit

Personal lifeEdit

Lammert is member of the Catholic Church.[24] He is married to Gertrud and has four children.

LiteratureEdit

  • Michael F. Feldkamp, ed. (2007). Der Bundestagspräsident. Amt - Funktion - Person. 16. München: Wahlperiode. ISBN 978-3-7892-8201-0.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Stefan Wagstyl (6 June 2016), German presidency jostling begins as Gauck prepares to quit Financial Times.
  2. ^ "Norbert Lammert profile on the Bundestag website". 15 November 2013. Archived from the original on 10 December 2010.
  3. ^ Stefan Wagstyl (6 June 2016), German presidency jostling begins as Gauck prepares to quit Financial Times.
  4. ^ Kate Connolly (6 June 2016), Headache for Angela Merkel as German president Joachim Gauck steps down The Guardian.
  5. ^ Margarete von Ackeren (17 October 2016), Norbert Lammert kandidiert nicht mehr für den Bundestag Focus.
  6. ^ Stephen Brown and Madeline Chambers (17 February 2012), Possible candidates for German presidency Reuters.
  7. ^ Stefan Wagstyl (6 June 2016), German presidency jostling begins as Gauck prepares to quit Financial Times.
  8. ^ Jon Hemming (17 March 2011), Germany dismisses legal doubts on nuclear closures Reuters.
  9. ^ Stephen Brown and Madeline Chambers (17 February 2012), Possible candidates for German presidency Reuters.
  10. ^ Allison Connolly (20 January 2012), Bundestag President Wants Euro-Area Transaction Tax, Welt Says Bloomberg.
  11. ^ Andreas Rinke (9 November 2012), Macedonia's EU talks could start without name resolution Reuters.
  12. ^ Stephen Brown (15 January 2015), Merkel Vows to Protect Germany's Jews and Muslims From Extremism New York Times.
  13. ^ Andreas Rinke (3 June 2015), Merkel tells Egypt's Sisi: death penalty is wrong but let's trade Reuters.
  14. ^ Bundestagspräsident Lammert besucht deutsche Truppen in Incirlik und reist zu Gesprächen nach Jordanien und Kuwait Deutscher Bundestag, press release of 5 February 2016.
  15. ^ Diese Unionsabgeordneten stimmten für die Ehe für alle Die Welt, 30 June 2017.
  16. ^ Rainer Buergin (23 December 2010), Merkel's CDU Party Fined $1.6 Million for Donations Violation in Rhineland Bloomberg News.
  17. ^ "Unregelmäßigkeiten in Doktorarbeit?: Hat auch Norbert Lammert abgekupfert?" [Irregularities in the doctoral thesis? Did Norbert Lammert also copy?]. FOCUS Online (in German). 29 July 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  18. ^ Schmoll, Heike (30 July 2013). "Opposition verteidigt Lammert gegen Plagiatsvorwurf" [Opposition defends Lammert against allegations of plagiarism]. FAZ (in German). Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Kein Plagiatsverfahren gegen Lammert" [No plagiarism proceedings against Lammert]. FAZ (in German). 6 November 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2020.
  20. ^ Konrad Adenauer Prize: Advisory Board City of Cologne.
  21. ^ Board of Trustees Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz (KHI).
  22. ^ Boards Goethe-Institut.
  23. ^ Elena Ubrig (14 October 2019), Bochumer CDU-Politiker Lammert erhält Hans-Ehrenberg-Preis Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung.
  24. ^ "Lammert, Dr. Norbert". Deutscher Bundestag. Archived from the original on 25 April 2010. Retrieved 23 April 2010.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Wolfgang Thierse
President of the Bundestag
2005–2017
Succeeded by
Wolfgang Schäuble