Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Germany)
The Federal Ministry of Education and Research (German: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung), abbreviated BMBF, is a cabinet-level ministry of Germany. It is headquartered in Bonn, with an office in Berlin. The Ministry provides funding for research projects and institutions (aiming for "research excellence") and sets general educational policy. It also provides student loans in Germany. However, a large part of educational policy in Germany is decided at the state level, strongly limiting the influence of the ministry in educational matters.
|Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)|
|Formed||20 October 1955 as Bundesministerium für Atomfragen|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Germany|
|Annual budget||€20.799 billion (2021)|
The Federal Ministry for Atomic Issues was established in 1955, concentrating on research in the peaceful use of nuclear energy. The ministry was renamed in 1962 to Federal Ministry of Scientific Research, with a broader scope; it was renamed again, to Federal Ministry of Education and Science, in 1969.
A separate ministry, the Federal Ministry of Research and Technology, was established in 1972. The two Ministries merged in 1994 to form the Federal Ministry for Education, Science, Research and Technology; this title was shortened to Federal Ministry for Education and Research in 1998.
The BMBF currently has eight directorates-general (as at November 2020). These are in addition to the central directorate-general that is responsible for administrative tasks:
- Directorate-General 1: Policy Issues and Strategies
- Directorate-General 2: European and International Cooperation in Education and Research
- Directorate-General 3: General Education and Vocational Training; Lifelong Learning
- Directorate-General 4: Higher Education and Research System
- Directorate-General 5: Research for Technological Sovereignty and Innovation
- Directorate-General 6: Life Sciences
- Directorate-General 7: Provision for the Future - Basic Research and Research for Sustainable Development
Each directorate-general consists of one or two subdivisions and 10 to 15 units. The greater part of the subdivisions is located in Bonn, the smaller part in Berlin. The BMBF has around 1000 employees. The head of the BMBF is formed by two parliamentary secretaries and two permanent state secretaries in addition to the minister.
|Portrait||Party||Term of Office||Chancellor|
|Federal Minister for Education, Science, Research and Technology|
|CDU||17 November 1994||26 October 1998||Kohl|
|Federal Minister for Education and Research|
|SPD||26 October 1998||22 November 2005||Schröder|
(I • II)
|CDU||22 November 2005||14 February 2013||Merkel|
(I • II)
|CDU||14 February 2013||14 March 2018||Merkel|
(II • III)
|CDU||14 March 2018||Incumbent||Merkel|
- "Bundeshaushalt". www.bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
- "Research excellence is a must in a country whose prosperity is built on the innovative strength of its industry. The aim of the High-Tech Strategy is to make Germany a leader in providing scientific and technical solutions to the challenges in the fields of climate/energy, health/nutrition, mobility, security, and communication." Ministry: Objectives and Tasks
- "Organizational Chart of the Federal Ministry of Education and Research" (pdf). BMBF. p. 1. Retrieved 2020-11-26.