Niesky [ˈniːski] ⓘ (Upper Sorbian: Niska [ˈnʲiska], Czech: Nízké) is a small town in Upper Lusatia in eastern Saxony, Germany. It has a population of about 9,200 (2020) and is part of the district of Görlitz.
|• Mayor (2021–28)||Kathrin Uhlemann (CDU)|
|• Total||53.61 km2 (20.70 sq mi)|
|Elevation||172 m (564 ft)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Vehicle registration||GR, LÖB, NOL, NY, WSW, ZI|
The town was founded in 1742 by Moravian immigrants. As members of the Moravian Church, they fled from persecution in their Catholic homeland. The name Niesky is the Germanised version of the Czech word nízký ("low").
Niesky was administered by the Moravian Church until 1892, when a separate civil administration was established. In 1931 it obtained a coat of arms, and in 1935 it was granted town rights. In 1935 a Catholic church was opened.
In 1926 the architect Konrad Wachsmann worked in the timber construction firm Christoph & Unmack AG.
During World War II, the Germans established and operated the AL Niesky subcamp of the Gross-Rosen concentration camp, whose prisoners were mostly Poles, Russians, Jews and Yugoslavs, but also Czechs and Frenchmen, and hundreds of whom died. The Germans evacuated the prisoners in February 1945, leaving only those unable to walk in the camp. During the march, weak prisoners and those unable to continue walking were murdered by the Germans and buried in forests along the way. The prisoners remaining in the camp were liberated by the Polish Second Army which captured the town on April 18, 1945. On July 26, 1945, the city issued three postage stamps of its own.
Localities of Niesky are Neuhof, Neusärchen, Neuödernitz, Ödernitz, See, Zeche-Moholz, Kosel, Zedlig and Sandschänke.
Twin town edit
Wooden house (by Christoph & Unmack AG)
- Wahlergebnisse 2021, Freistaat Sachsen, accessed 3 February 2022.
- "Bevölkerung des Freistaates Sachsen nach Gemeinden am 31. Dezember 2021" (XLS) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt des Freistaates Sachsen. 2022.
- "Stadtgeschichte Niesky". Niesky.de. Retrieved 13 June 2020.
- "Subcamps of KL Gross- Rosen". Gross-Rosen Museum in Rogoźnica. Retrieved 13 June 2020.