Newcastle-upon-Tyne (UK Parliament constituency)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne was a borough constituency in the county of Northumberland of the House of Commons of England to 1706 then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800 and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It returned two Members of Parliament (MPs), elected by the bloc vote system.

Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
CountyNorthumberland
Major settlementsNewcastle upon Tyne
1295–1918
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byNewcastle-upon-Tyne Central, Newcastle-upon-Tyne East, Newcastle upon Tyne North and Newcastle upon Tyne West

The constituency was abolished in 1918, being split into four divisions; Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central, Newcastle-upon-Tyne East, Newcastle-upon-Tyne North and Newcastle-upon-Tyne West.

BoundariesEdit

The constituency was based upon the town, later city, of Newcastle upon Tyne; in the historic county of Northumberland in North East England. In 1848, the constituency boundaries were described in A Topographical Dictionary of England.[1]

The borough first exercised the elective franchise in the 23rd of Edward the First, since which time it has returned two members to parliament: the present electoral limits are co-extensive with those of the county of the town, comprising 5730 acres; the old boundaries, which were abrogated in 1832, included 2700 acres only.

When the House of Commons debated the boundaries to be used from 1832, the Tory Party suggested including Gateshead (to the south) and South Shields (to the east) within the Newcastle-upon-Tyne constituency. The Whigs resisted this idea, so these two neighbouring settlements were not incorporated into this seat.[2]

The boundaries of the parliamentary borough, as defined by the Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 (2 and 3 Wm. 4, c. 64), remained unchanged from 1832 until the area was divided into single member constituencies in 1918.[3] These were not necessarily identical to the boundaries used for local government purposes.

In the period after 1885, the constituency was surrounded by Wansbeck to the west and north, Tyneside to the north east and east, Jarrow to the south east, Gateshead to the south, and Chester-le-Street to the south west.[4]

Members of ParliamentEdit

Party affiliations are derived from Stook Smith and Craig (see reference section below). Tory is used prior to the 1835 general election and Conservative from that time. Liberal candidates (as listed by Craig) before the formal creation of the party, shortly after the 1859 general election, are listed as Whig or Radical if the information is available in the work by Stooks Smith.

MPs, who were known by the same name, are distinguished in the table below and the election results by a number in brackets after the name. It is not suggested that such numbers were used by contemporaries of the individuals so numbered.

MPs 1386–1660Edit

Parliament First member Second member
1378 William Bishopdale[5]
1381 William Bishopdale[5]
1386 John Howell Laurence Acton[6]
1388 (February) William Bishopdale Sampson Hardyng[6]
1388 (September) Henry Carlisle Stephen Whitgray[6]
1390 (January) William Bishopdale Stephen Whitgray[6]
1390 (November)
1391 William Bishopdale Laurence Acton[6]
1393 John Morton Richard/William Langton[6]
1394 Henry Carlisle Thomas Diringdon[6]
1395 John Morton William Langton[6]
1397 (January) William Redmarshall Sampson Hardyng[6]
1397 (September) William Redmarshall Laurence Acton[6]
1399 Roger Thornton Laurence Acton[6]
1401
1402 Robert Darcy Richard Beverley[6]
1404 (January)
1404 (October)
1406 John Paulyn Robert Hebburn[6]
1407 William Johnson William Langton[6]
1410
1411 Roger Thornton Roger Booth[6]
1413 (February)
1413 (May) Richard Dalton Robert Whelpington[6]
1414 (April) William Middleton Robert Swinburne[6]
1414 (November) William Johnson Robert Whelpington[6]
1415 Roger Booth Robert Whelpington[6]
1416 (March) Roger Booth Thomas Hebburn[6]
1416 (October)
1417 Roger Thornton John Strother[6]
1419 Roger Thornton John Strother[6]
1420 Roger Booth John Wall[6]
1421 (May) Emericus Hering John Strother[6]
1421 (December) Roger Booth William Ellerby[6]
1510-1523 No names known[7]
1529 Sir Thomas Tempest Henry Anderson[7]
1536 ?Sir Thomas Tempest ?[7]
1539 ?
1542 ?
1545 Sir Robert Bowes Robert Brandling[7]
1547 Sir Francis Leke Sir Robert Brandling[7]
1553 (March) Robert Lewen Bertram Anderson[7]
1553 (October) Sir Robert Brandling Edward Hall[7]
1554 (April) Bertram Anderson Cuthbert Horsley[7]
1554 (November) Bertram Anderson John Watson[7]
1555 Sir Robert Brandling Cuthbert Blount[7]
1558 Bertram Anderson Robert Lewen[7]
1559 (January) Robert Lewen Cuthbert Blount[8]
1562 (December) Sir Robert Brandling Bertram Anderson[8]
1571 William Carr William Jenison I[8]
1572 (April) William Jenison I William Selby[8]
1584 William Jenison I Henry Anderson[8]
1586 Henry Anderson Edward Lewen[8]
1588 (October) Henry Anderson Henry Mitford[8]
1593 Henry Anderson Henry Mitford[8]
1597 (October) Henry Chapman Henry Lindley[8]
1601 (October) William Jenison II George Selby[8]
1604 George Selby Henry Chapman
1614 Henry Anderson William Jenison II
1621 Henry Anderson Sir Thomas Ridell
1624 Sir Peter Riddel Sir Henry Anderson
1625 Sir Thomas Ridell Sir Henry Anderson
1626 Sir Peter Riddel Sir Henry Anderson
1628 Sir Peter Riddel Sir Thomas Ridell
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
1640 (April) Sir Peter Riddel Thomas Liddel
1640 (November) Sir Henry Anderson, disabled 1643 John Blakiston
1645 Sir Henry Anderson John Blakiston,
replaced 1647 by
Robert Ellison)
1648 Robert Ellison) John Blakiston, died 1649
1654 Sir Arthur Hesilrige (One seat only)
1656 Walter Strickland (One seat only)
1659 Mark Shaftoe (of Newcastle) Thomas Lilburne

MPs 1660–1918Edit

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1660 Robert Ellison Sir Francis Anderson
1661 Sir John Marlay
1673 Sir William Blackett, Bt (1)
1679 Sir Ralph Carr
1680 Sir Nathaniel Johnson
1685 Sir William Blackett, Bt (2)
1689 Sir Ralph Carr Tory
1690 William Carr (1) Tory
1695 Sir William Blackett, Bt (2) Whig
1700 Sir Henry Liddell, Bt Whig
1705 Sir William Blackett, Bt (2) Whig
1706 Sir Henry Liddell, Bt Whig
1710 Sir William Blackett, Bt (3)
died 1728; declared not duly elected
in 1727, in 1729
William Wrightson
1722 William Carr (2)
1727[9] Nicholas Fenwick
1729 on petition William Carr (2)
1734 Sir Walter Calverley-Blackett, Bt
1747 Matthew Ridley
1774 Sir Matthew Ridley, Bt (1)
1777 Sir John Trevelyan, Bt
1780 Andrew Robinson Stoney
1784 Charles Brandling Tory[10] Whig[10]
1798 by-election Charles John Brandling Tory[10]
1812 Sir Matthew Ridley, Bt (2) Whig[10][11] Cuthbert Ellison Whig[10]
1830 John Hodgson Tory[10]
1834 Conservative[10]
1835 William Ord Whig[10][11][12][13][14]
1836 by-election John Hodgson
John Hodgson-Hinde from August 1836
Conservative[10]
1847 Thomas Emerson Headlam Whig[15][16][17]
1852 John Blackett Whig[18]
1856 by-election George Ridley Whig[19][20]
1859 Liberal Liberal
1860 Somerset Beaumont Liberal
1865 Sir Joseph Cowen (1) Liberal
1874 by-election Joseph Cowen (2) Liberal
1874 Charles Frederick Hamond Conservative
1880 Ashton Wentworth Dilke Liberal
1883 by-election John Morley Liberal
1885 Independent Liberal
1886 James Craig Liberal
1892 Sir Charles Frederick Hamond Conservative
1895 William Cruddas Conservative
1900 Sir Walter Richard Plummer Conservative George Renwick Conservative
1906 Walter Hudson Labour Thomas Cairns Liberal
1908 by-election George Renwick Conservative
1910 (January) Edward Shortt Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished

ElectionsEdit

The bloc vote electoral system was used in elections to fill two seats and first past the post for single member by-elections. Each voter had up to as many votes as there were seats to be filled. Votes had to be cast by a spoken declaration, in public, at the hustings (until the secret ballot was introduced in 1872).

Note on percentage change calculations: Where there was only one candidate of a party in successive elections, for the same number of seats, change is calculated on the party percentage vote. Where there was more than one candidate, in one or both successive elections for the same number of seats, then change is calculated on the individual percentage vote (if applicable).

The reference to some candidates as Non Partisan does not, necessarily, mean that they did not have a party allegiance. It means that the sources consulted did not specify a party allegiance.

Before the Representation of the People Act 1832, the borough had an electorate limited to its freemen. There were about 2,500 voters in the second half of the 18th century.[21]

1710s1720s1730s1740s1750s1760s1770s1780s1790s1800s1810s1820s1830s

Elections of the 1710sEdit

General election 1710: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Blackett (3) 1,177 44.0 N/A
Non Partisan William Wrightson 886 33.2 N/A
Non Partisan William Carr (2) 609 22.8 N/A
Turnout 2,672 N/A N/A
General election 1715: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Blackett (3) 639 44.0 ...
Non Partisan William Wrightson 550 37.9 +4.7
Non Partisan James Clavering 263 18.1 N/A
Turnout 1,452 N/A N/A

Elections of the 1720sEdit

General election 1722: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Carr (2) 1,264 38.3 N/A
Non Partisan William Blackett(3) 1,158 35.9 -8.1
Non Partisan William Wrightson 831 25.8 -12.1
Turnout 3,223 N/A N/A
General election 1727: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan William Blackett (3) 1,202 39.9 +4.0
Non Partisan Nicholas Fenwick 1,189 39.5 N/A
Non Partisan William Carr (2) 620 20.6 -17.7
Turnout 3,011 N/A N/A
  • Death of Blackett, in 1728
  • On petition Carr vice Blackett

Elections of the 1730sEdit

General election 1734: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett 1,354 42.9 N/A
Non Partisan Nicholas Fenwick 1,083 34.3 -5.2
Non Partisan William Carr (2) 716 22.7 -2.1
Turnout 3,153 (1,795 electors) N/A N/A

Elections of the 1740sEdit

General election 1741: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett 1,453 32.3 -10.6
Non Partisan Nicholas Fenwick 1,231 27.4 -6.9
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley 1,131 25.1 N/A
Non Partisan William Carr (2) 683 15.2 -7.5
Turnout 4,498 (2,391 electors) N/A N/A
General election 1747: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1750sEdit

General election 17 April 1754: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1760sEdit

General election 27 March 1761: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley Unopposed N/A N/A
General election 21 March 1768: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett Unopposed N/A N/A
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1770sEdit

General election 11 October 1774: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Walter Calverley-Blackett 1,432 33.2 N/A
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley (1) 1,411 32.7 N/A
Non Partisan Constantine Phipps 795 18.4 N/A
Non Partisan Thomas Delaval 677 15.7 N/A
Turnout 4,315 (2,162 electors) N/A N/A
  • Death of Blackett
By-Election 27 February 1777: Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan John Trevelyan 1,163 52.1 N/A
Non Partisan Andrew Stoney-Bowes 1,068 47.9 N/A
Majority 95 4.3 N/A
Turnout 2,231 N/A N/A
Non Partisan hold Swing N/A

Elections of the 1780sEdit

General election 11 September 1780: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Non Partisan Matthew Ridley (1) 1,408 38.8 +6.1
Non Partisan Andrew Stoney-Bowes 1,135 31.3 N/A
Non Partisan Thomas Delaval 1,085 29.9 +14.2
Turnout 3,628 (2,245 electors) N/A N/A
General election 26 April 1784: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1790sEdit

General election 1790: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A
General election 1796: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Resignation of Brandling in December 1797
By-Election 1798: Newcastle-upon-Tyne
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory hold Swing N/A

Elections of the 1800sEdit

General election 1802: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A
General election 1806: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A
General election 1807: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (1) Unopposed N/A N/A
Tory Charles Brandling Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1810sEdit

General election 1812: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Cuthbert Ellison Unopposed N/A N/A
  • Ridley succeeded as the 3rd Baronet, upon the death of his father (and predecessor as MP) in 1813
General election 1818: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Cuthbert Ellison Unopposed N/A N/A
General election 1818: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Cuthbert Ellison Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1820sEdit

General election 1820: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) 616 47.0 N/A
Whig Cuthbert Ellison 477 36.4 N/A
Tory John Scott 217 16.6 New
Majority 260 17.8 N/A
Turnout 1,310 (731 electors) N/A N/A
Whig hold Swing
Whig hold Swing
General election 1826: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed N/A N/A
Whig Cuthbert Ellison Unopposed N/A N/A

Elections of the 1830sEdit

General election 1830: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[10][22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed
Tory John Hodgson Unopposed
Registered electors c. 5,000
Whig hold
Tory gain from Whig
General election 1831: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[10][22]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) Unopposed
Tory John Hodgson Unopposed
Registered electors c. 5,000
Whig hold
Tory hold
General election 1832: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[10][23]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) 2,112 43.2
Tory John Hodgson 1,686 34.5
Radical Charles Attwood 1,092 22.3
Turnout 2,850 73.0
Registered electors 3,905
Majority 426 8.7
Whig hold
Majority 594 12.1
Tory hold
General election 1835: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[10][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Ord 1,843 33.0 +11.4
Whig Matthew Ridley (2) 1,499 26.8 +5.2
Conservative John Hodgson 1,254 22.5 −12.0
Radical James Aytoun 988 17.7 −4.6
Majority 245 4.4 −4.3
Turnout 3,107 76.6 +3.6
Registered electors 4,054
Whig hold Swing +8.7
Whig gain from Tory Swing +5.6

Ridley's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 27 July 1836: Newcastle-upon-Tyne[10][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Hodgson 1,576 50.8 +28.3
Whig Christopher Blackett 1,528 49.2 −10.6
Majority 48 1.6 N/A
Turnout 3,104 75.5 −1.1
Registered electors 4,110
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +19.5
General election 1837: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[10][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Ord 1,792 29.4 −3.6
Conservative John Hodgson-Hinde 1,701 27.9 +16.7
Whig Charles John Bigge 1,187 19.5 −7.3
Conservative John Blenkinsopp Coulson[24] 1,127 18.5 +7.3
Chartist Augustus Harding Beaumont[25] 290 4.8 New
Turnout 3,173 69.2 −7.4
Registered electors 4,582
Majority 91 1.5 −2.9
Whig hold Swing −6.0
Majority 514 8.4 N/A
Conservative gain from Whig Swing +11.1

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Hodgson-Hinde Unopposed
Whig William Ord Unopposed
Registered electors 5,124
Conservative hold
Whig hold
General election 1847: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig William Ord 2,196 36.2 N/A
Whig Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,068 34.1 N/A
Conservative Richard Hodgson[26] 1,680 27.7 N/A
Majority 273 6.4 N/A
Turnout 3,812 (est) 72.7 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,245
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig John Blackett 2,418 37.9 N/A
Whig Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,172 34.0 −0.1
Whig William Henry Watson[27][28] 1,795 28.1 N/A
Majority 377 5.9 +1.5
Turnout 3,193 (est) 60.6 (est) −12.1
Registered electors 5,269
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A

Blackett resigned due to ill health, causing a by-election.[29]

By-election, 5 February 1856: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1 seat)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Ridley Unopposed
Whig hold
General election 1857: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Whig George Ridley 2,445 39.1 +1.2
Whig Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,133 34.1 +0.1
Conservative Peter Carstairs[30] 1,673 26.8 New
Majority 460 7.3 +1.4
Turnout 3,962 (est) 66.5 (est) +5.9
Registered electors 5,962
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1859: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,688 46.1 +12.0
Liberal George Ridley 2,679 46.0 +6.9
Liberal Peter Alfred Taylor 462 7.9 N/A
Majority 2,217 38.1 +30.8
Turnout 2,915 (est) 48.5 (est) −18.0
Registered electors 6,008
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Headlam was appointed Judge-Advocate General of the Armed Forces, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 28 June 1859: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1 seat) [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,153 56.0 +9.9
Conservative William Cuthbert[31] 1,086 28.2 New
Majority 1,067 27.8 −10.3
Turnout 3,846 64.0 +15.5
Registered electors 6,008
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860sEdit

Ridley resigned after being appointed a Copyhold, Inclosure and Tithe Commissioner.

By-election, 7 December 1860: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1 seat) [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Somerset Beaumont 2,346 61.0 N/A
Independent Liberal Peter Carstairs[32][33] 1,500 39.0 New
Majority 846 22.0 −16.1
Turnout 3,846 70.2 +21.7
Registered electors 5,475
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1865: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Cowen 2,941 39.3 N/A
Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam 2,477 33.1 −13.0
Liberal Somerset Beaumont 2,060 27.5 −18.5
Majority 417 5.6 −32.4
Turnout 3,739 (est) 56.4 (est) +7.9
Registered electors 6,630
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1868: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Cowen 7,057 42.9 +3.6
Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam 6,674 40.6 +7.5
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 2,725 16.6 New
Majority 3,949 24.0 +18.4
Turnout 9,591 (est) 51.7 (est) −4.7
Registered electors 18,557
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Cowen's death caused a by-election, at which his son was elected.

By-election, 17 Jan 1874: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1 seat)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Cowen 7,356 53.7 −29.8
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 6,353 46.3 +29.7
Majority 1,003 7.3 −16.7
Turnout 13,709 64.0 +12.3
Registered electors 21,407
Liberal hold Swing −29.8
General election 1874: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Cowen 8,464 40.8 −2.1
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 6,479 31.2 +14.6
Liberal Thomas Emerson Headlam 5,807 28.0 −12.6
Turnout 13,615 (est) 63.6 (est) +11.9
Registered electors 21,407
Majority 1,985 9.6 −14.4
Liberal hold Swing −4.7
Majority 672 3.2 N/A
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +14.7

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Joseph Cowen 11,766 42.9 +2.1
Liberal Ashton Wentworth Dilke 10,404 37.9 +9.9
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 5,271 19.2 −12.0
Majority 5,133 18.7 +9.1
Turnout 17,037 (est) 71.6 (est) +8.0
Registered electors 23,800
Liberal hold Swing +4.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +7.8

Dilke's resignation caused a by-election.

 
John Morley
By-election, 26 Feb 1883: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (1 seat)[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 9,443 56.8 −24.0
Conservative Gainford Bruce[34] 7,187 43.2 +24.0
Majority 2,256 13.6 −5.1
Turnout 16,630 62.1 −9.5 (est)
Registered electors 26,305
Liberal hold Swing −24.0
General election 1885: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Liberal Joseph Cowen 10,489 34.9 −8.0
Liberal John Morley 10,129 33.6 −4.3
Conservative Charles Frederic Hamond 9,500 31.5 +12.3
Turnout 30,478 73.0 +1.4 (est)
Registered electors 30,314
Majority 989 3.4 N/A
Independent Liberal gain from Liberal Swing N/A
Majority 629 2.1 −16.6
Liberal hold Swing −5.3
  • Cowen lost the support of the local Liberal Association during the campaign period, and Liberal supporters were urged to only vote for Morley.

Morley was appointed Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, requiring a by-election.

1886 Newcastle-upon-Tyne by-election[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 11,110 56.8 +23.2
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 8,449 43.2 +12.7
Majority 2,661 13.6 +11.5
Turnout 19,559 64.5 −8.5
Registered electors 30,314
Liberal hold Swing +5.8
 
Armstrong
 
Ridley
General election 1886: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 10,681 26.6 −7.0
Liberal James Craig 10,172 25.4 N/A
Liberal Unionist William Armstrong 9,657 24.1 New
Conservative Matthew Ridley 9,580 23.9 −7.6
Majority 515 1.3 −0.8
Turnout 40,090 67.3 −5.7
Registered electors 30,314
Liberal hold Swing +0.3
Liberal gain from Independent Liberal Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 13,823 39.0 +15.1
Liberal John Morley 10,905 30.8 +4.2
Liberal James Craig 10,686 30.2 +4.8
Majority 3,137 8.8 N/A
Turnout 24,537 (est) 76.4 +9.1
Registered electors 32,117
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +5.5
Liberal hold Swing −5.5

Morley is appointed Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, requiring a by-election.

1892 Newcastle-upon-Tyne by-election[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 12,983 53.6 −7.4
Liberal Unionist Pandeli Ralli 11,244 46.4 +7.4
Majority 1,739 7.2 -1.6
Turnout 24,227 75.4 −1.0
Registered electors 32,117
Liberal hold Swing −7.4
General election 1895: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Charles Frederick Hamond 12,833 25.4 +5.9
Conservative William Cruddas 12,170 24.2 +4.7
Liberal John Morley 11,862 23.6 −7.2
Liberal James Craig 11,154 22.2 −8.0
Ind. Labour Party Fred Hammill 2,302 4.6 New
Majority 308 0.6 −8.2
Turnout 25,769 (est) 79.6 +3.2
Registered electors 32,373
Conservative hold Swing +6.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.0

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36][37]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Walter Richard Plummer 15,097 29.7 +4.3
Conservative George Renwick 14,752 29.0 +4.8
Liberal Samuel Storey 10,488 20.7 −2.9
Liberal Hedworth Lambton 10,463 20.6 −1.6
Majority 4,264 8.3 +7.7
Turnout 50,800 74.1 −5.5
Registered electors 34,690
Conservative hold Swing +3.6
Conservative hold Swing +3.9
 
Walter Hudson
General election 1906: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Repr. Cmte. Walter Hudson 18,869 31.1 New
Liberal Thomas Cairns 18,423 30.5 +9.8
Conservative Walter Richard Plummer 11,942 19.8 −9.9
Conservative George Renwick 11,223 18.6 −10.4
Turnout 60,457 84.6 +10.5
Registered electors 36,909
Majority 6,927 11.3 N/A
Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Majority 6,481 10.7 N/A
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +9.9
1908 Newcastle-upon-Tyne by-election[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Renwick 13,863 48.5 +7.1
Liberal Edward Shortt 11,720 41.1 +10.6
Social Democratic Federation Edward Hartley 2,971 10.4 New
Majority 2,143 7.4 N/A
Turnout 28,554 76.4 −8.2
Registered electors 37,389
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing −1.8

Elections in the 1910sEdit

 
Edward Shortt
General election January 1910: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Shortt 18,779 28.9 −1.6
Labour Walter Hudson 18,241 28.1 −3.0
Conservative Walter Richard Plummer 14,067 21.6 +1.8
Conservative George Renwick 13,928 21.4 +2.8
Turnout 65,015 86.1 +1.5
Registered electors 38,534
Majority 4,712 7.3 −3.4
Liberal hold Swing −1.7
Majority 4,174 6.5 −4.8
Labour hold Swing −2.9
General election December 1910: Newcastle-upon-Tyne (2 seats)[35][36][38]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Shortt 16,599 28.1 −0.8
Labour Walter Hudson 16,447 28.0 −0.1
Conservative Edward Clark 12,915 22.0 +0.4
Conservative Jasper Nicholas Ridley 12,849 21.9 +0.5
Turnout 58,810 78.3 −7.8
Majority 3,684 6.1 −1.2
Liberal hold Swing −0.6
Majority 3,532 6.0 −0.5
Labour hold Swing −0.3

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

By-election, 1918: Newcastle-upon-Tyne[36]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Edward Shortt Unopposed
Liberal hold

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 'Newbottle - Newcastle-upon-Tyne', A Topographical Dictionary of England (1848), pp. 379-389. URL: http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=51171 Date accessed: 15 December 2008.
  2. ^ Seymour Electoral Reform in England and Wales
  3. ^ Craig Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972
  4. ^ Map in Craig Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972
  5. ^ a b "BISHOPDALE, William (d.1398), of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumb". History of Parliament. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "History of Parliament". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "History of Parliament". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 5 October 2011.
  9. ^ The 1727 election was disputed. As a result of an election petition, the House of Commons decided to seat Carr vice Blackett (who had died in 1728) in 1729.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 245–246. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  11. ^ a b Churton, Edward (1836). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1836. pp. 133, 151. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  12. ^ Rapp, Dean (Spring 1982). "The Left-Wing Whigs: Whitbread, the Mountain and Reform, 1809-1815". The Journal of British Studies. 21 (2): 35–66. doi:10.1086/385789. JSTOR 175533.
  13. ^ Richardson, M. A. (1843). The Local Historian's Table Book, of Remarkable Occurrences, Historical Facts, Traditions, Legendary and Descriptive Ballads, Connected with the Counties of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumberland and Durham. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: M. A. Richardson. p. 373. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  14. ^ Escott, Margaret (2009). "ORD, William (1781–1855), of Whitfield Hall, Northumb and 17 Berkeley Square, Mdx". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  15. ^ "The Northumberland Wig Shop 1826". The British Museum. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  16. ^ "A truly Noble brew on a journey back home". The Journal. 13 April 2007. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  17. ^ "Close of the Poll". Leeds Intelligencer. 31 July 1847. p. 5. Retrieved 9 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  18. ^ "Newcastle-on-Tyne". Aberdeen Press and Journal. 7 July 1852. p. 5. Retrieved 9 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  19. ^ Purdue, A. W. (2012). Newcastle: The Biography. Stroud: Amberley Publishing. p. 174. ISBN 9781445609348. Retrieved 9 June 2018.
  20. ^ "Bury and Norwich Post". 13 February 1856. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 9 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  21. ^ Namier and Brooke The House of Commons 1754-1790
  22. ^ a b Escott, Margaret. "Newcastle-upon-Tyne". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  24. ^ "29 July 1837". Newcastle Journal. p. 2. Retrieved 19 April 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  25. ^ "Newcastle Election". Newcastle Journal. 29 July 1837. p. 4. Retrieved 19 April 2020 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  26. ^ Escott, Margaret. "HODGSON, John (1806-1869), of Elswick House, Northumb". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  27. ^ "Election Intelligence". Essex Standard. 25 August 1854. p. 4. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  28. ^ "Election Intelligence". Hertford Mercury and Reformer. 26 August 1854. p. 2. Retrieved 14 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  29. ^ Walford, Edward (editor) (1857). Hardwicke's Annual biography. London: Robert Hardwicke. p. 59. Retrieved 9 June 2018.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  30. ^ "Electioneering Warfare". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 28 March 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 9 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  31. ^ "Notice to the Freemen of Newcastle-on-Tyne". Newcastle Guardian and Tyne Mercury. 25 June 1859. p. 1. Retrieved 9 June 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  32. ^ "The Newcastle Election". Kendal Mercury. 10 November 1860. p. 5. Retrieved 6 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  33. ^ "Political Intelligence". Maidstone Journal and Kentish Advertiser. 8 December 1860. p. 4. Retrieved 6 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  34. ^ "Ecclesiastical Intelligence". Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser. 22 February 1883. p. 8. Retrieved 5 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  35. ^ a b c d e f g h i j The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  37. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  38. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  39. ^ Newcastle Journal 3 Jun 1914
  40. ^ Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer 14 Sep 1914

ReferencesEdit

  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Electoral Reform in England and Wales, by Charles Seymour (David & Charles Reprints 1970)
  • The House of Commons 1754-1790, by Sir Lewis Namier and John Brooke (HMSO 1964)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)