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Newcastle upon Tyne Central (UK Parliament constituency)

Coordinates: 55°00′11″N 1°36′36″W / 55.003°N 1.610°W / 55.003; -1.610

Newcastle upon Tyne Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Chi Onwurah from Labour, the former Head of Telecoms Technology at Ofcom.[2][n 2] At the snap 2017 general election, the constituency beat Houghton and Sunderland South, which had declared first in 2010 and 2015 (as did its predecessor Sunderland South in the four preceding general elections), to be the first constituency to declare a result.[3]

Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Newcastle upon Tyne Central in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
CountyTyne and Wear
Electorate60,795 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created1918
Member of ParliamentChi Onwurah (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromNewcastle-upon-Tyne
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyNorth East England

Contents

HistoryEdit

Parliament created this seat under the Representation of the People Act 1918 for the general election later that year. From its creation the constituency has been represented by members of the Labour and Conservative parties only. Since the 1987 general election, the seat has been served by an MP in the Labour Party.

BoundariesEdit

1918-1950: The County Borough of Newcastle wards of All Saints, St John's, St Nicholas, Stephenson, and Westgate.

1950-1983: The County Borough of Newcastle wards of Armstrong, Byker, St Anthony's, St Nicholas, and Stephenson, and the Rural District of Newcastle.

1983-1997: The City of Newcastle wards of Blakelaw, Fenham, Jesmond, Kenton, Moorside, South Gosforth, and Wingrove.

1997-2010: The City of Newcastle wards of Blakelaw, Fenham, Jesmond, Kenton, Moorside, Sandyford, South Gosforth, and Wingrove.

2010–present: The City of Newcastle wards of Benwell and Scotswood, Blakelaw, Elswick, Fenham, Kenton, Westgate, West Gosforth, and Wingrove.

The constituency covers the central part of Newcastle upon Tyne, being one of three constituencies in the city. Between 1983 and 2010, the seat did not actually include the city's commercial centre, being instead part of the now-abolished Tyne Bridge constituency.

Constituency profileEdit

The constituency is mostly the urban city itself, which has seen end its once export-leading shipbuilding industry, its adult population has mostly a middle or low income, however with modern advanced engineering, learning, design, graphics, production company headquarters and tourism the city forms is a bellwether for the North East region's economy firmly in the British forefront of a determined return to increasing national output.[4] In November 2012 total unemployment (based on the more up-to-date claimant statistics) placed the City of Newcastle in joint 17th place of 29 constituencies in the region, above, for example the City of Durham at the bottom of the list, with just 3.4% claimants whereas Newcastle had 6.0% claimants, identical to Sunderland Central.[5]

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 2010sEdit

General election 2017: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chi Onwurah 24,071 64.9 +9.9
Conservative Steve Kyte 9,134 24.6 +5.7
Liberal Democrat Nick Cott 1,812 4.9 -1.4
UKIP David Muat 1,482 4.0 -10.9
Green Peter Thomson 595 1.6 -3.3
Majority 14,937 40.3 +4.2
Turnout 37,094 67 +6.7
Labour hold Swing +2.1
General election 2015: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chi Onwurah 19,301 55.0 +9.1
Conservative Simon Kitchen[11] 6,628 18.9 -0.5
UKIP Daniel Thompson[12] 5,214 14.9 +12.7
Liberal Democrat Nick Cott 2,218 6.3 -17.8
Green Alex Johnson[13] 1,724 4.9 +3.3
Majority 12,673 36.1
Turnout 35,085 60.3 +3.8
Labour hold Swing +4.8
General election 2010: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Chi Onwurah 15,692 45.9 −4.6
Liberal Democrat Gareth Kane 8,228 24.1 −3.4
Conservative Nick Holder 6,611 19.4 +2.8
BNP Ken Booth 2,302 6.7 +6.7
UKIP Martin Davies 754 2.2 +2.2
Green John Pearson 568 1.7 −2.2
Majority 7,464 21.9
Turnout 34,155 56.5 +4
Labour hold Swing −0.6
* Gareth Kane, Lib Dem candidate, was Councillor for Ouseburn Ward at the time of the General Election 2010

Elections in the 2000sEdit

General election 2005: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Cousins 16,211 45.1 −9.9
Liberal Democrat Greg Stone 12,229 34.0 +12.3
Conservative Wendy Morton 5,749 16.0 −5.3
Green Joe Hulm 1,254 3.5 +3.5
Newcastle Academy with Christian Values Party Clive Harding 477 1.3 +1.3
Majority 3,982 11.1
Turnout 35,920 52.5 +1.2
Labour hold Swing −11.1
* Greg Stone, Lib Dem candidate, was Councillor for North Heaton Ward at the time of the General Election 2005
General election 2001: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Cousins 19,169 55.0 −4.2
Liberal Democrat Stephen Psallidas 7,564 21.7 +6.7
Conservative Aidan Ruff 7,414 21.3 −2.2
Socialist Labour Gordon Potts 723 2.1 N/A
Majority 11,605 33.3
Turnout 34,870 51.3 −14.6
Labour hold Swing -5.5

Elections in the 1990sEdit

General election 1997: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Cousins 27,272 59.2 +7.5
Conservative Brooks Newmark 10,792 23.4 −12.2
Liberal Democrat Ruth Berry 6,911 15.0 +2.3
Referendum Charles A. Coxon 1,113 2.4 N/A
Majority 16,480 35.8
Turnout 46,088 65.9
Labour hold Swing +9.9
General election 1992: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Cousins 21,123 49.4 +5.2
Conservative Mike Summersby 15,835 37.0 -1.8
Liberal Democrat Lembit Öpik 5,816 13.6 −2.2
Majority 5,288 12.4 +7.0
Turnout 42,774 71.3 −4.2
Labour hold Swing +3.5

Elections in the 1980sEdit

General election 1987: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Jim Cousins 20,416 44.2 +8.4
Conservative Piers Merchant 17,933 38.8 -2.0
Social Democratic Nigel Martin 7,304 15.8 -6.5
Green Richard Bird 418 0.9 -0.2
Red Front Kirk Williams 111 0.2
Majority 2,483 5.4
Turnout 46,182 75.5 +4.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +5.2
General election 1983: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Piers Merchant 18,161 40.8
Labour Nigel Todd 15,933 35.8
Social Democratic John Horam 9,923 22.3
Ecology Douglas Jacques 478 1.1
Majority 2,228 5.0
Turnout 44,495 71.0
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1979: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Cowans 10,395 67.28 -4.49
Conservative Piers Merchant 2,982 19.30 +2.75
Liberal Andrew Steven Ellis 2,073 13.42 +1.74
Majority 7,413 47.98
Turnout 65.25
Labour hold Swing -3.62
1976 Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Cowans 4,692 47.61 -24.16
Liberal Andrew Stephen Ellis 2,854 28.96 +17.28
Conservative Richard Sowler 1,945 19.73 +3.18
Socialist Workers David Hayes 184 1.87 N/A
National Front Bruce Anderson-Lynes 181 1.84 N/A
Majority 1,838 18.65
Turnout 9,856
Labour hold Swing
General election October 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 10,546 71.8
Conservative Sheila Faith 2,432 16.6
Liberal Andrew Stephen Ellis 1,716 11.7
Majority 8,108 55.2
Turnout 14,694 58.4
Labour hold Swing
General election February 1974: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 12,182 74.45
Conservative Michael Jack 4,180 25.55
Majority 8,002 48.91
Turnout 65.43
Labour hold Swing 0.1%
General election 1970: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 13,671 70.61
Conservative Michael St John Way 4,256 21.98
Liberal David Lesser 1,433 7.40
Majority 9,415 48.63
Turnout 61.64
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960sEdit

General election 1966: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 19,291 76.65
Conservative John J. Walker-Smith 5,474 21.75
Communist Thomas G. Welch 404 1.61
Majority 13,817 54.90
Turnout 65.87
Labour hold Swing
General election 1964: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 20,547 70.91
Conservative William D Rutter 7,896 27.25
Communist Thomas G Welch 532 1.84
Majority 12,651 43.66
Turnout 69.13
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1959: Newcastle upon Tyne Central[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 24,051 65.83
Conservative William D Rutter 12,485 34.17
Majority 11,566 31.66
Turnout 73.18
Labour hold Swing
General election 1955: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 26,102 66.59
Conservative George Peters 13,099 33,41
Majority 13,003 33.17
Turnout 70.88
Labour hold Swing
General election 1951: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Ted Short 25,637 64.14
Conservative Frederick Talbot Webster 13,325 33.34
Ind. Labour Party Fred Barton 1,006 2.52
Majority 12,312 30.80
Turnout 80.74
Labour hold Swing
General election 1950: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lyall Wilkes 25,190 63.66
Conservative G. C. White 13,567 34.29
Ind. Labour Party Fred Barton 812 2.05
Majority 11,623 29.37
Turnout 79.80
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General election 1945: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Lyall Wilkes 10,627 61.92
Conservative Arthur Denville 6,536 38.08
Majority 4,091 23.84
Turnout 71.75
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1935: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Denville 15,826 59.28
Labour Walter Monslow 10,871 40.72
Majority 4,955 18.56
Turnout 75.47
Conservative hold Swing
 
Trevelyan
General election 1931: Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Denville 20,309 62.41
Ind. Labour Party Charles Trevelyan 12,136 37.30
National Labour W.H.D. Caple 94 0.29
Majority 8,173 25.12
Turnout 32,539 80.47
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1929: Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Trevelyan 17,580 57.2 +5.6
Unionist Richard Wyndham-Quin 13,161 42.8 −5.6
Majority 4,419 14.4 +11.2
Turnout 30,740 73.7 −6.1
Registered electors 41,683
Labour hold Swing +5.6
General election 1924: Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Trevelyan 14,542 51.6 −0.9
Unionist F.M.B. Fisher 13,646 48.4 +0.9
Majority 896 3.2 −1.8
Turnout 28,188 79.8 +12.4
Registered electors 35,307
Labour hold Swing −0.9
General election 1923: Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central [28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Trevelyan 12,447 52.5 −1.7
Unionist Francis Fisher 11,260 47.5 +13.3
Majority 1,187 5.0 −15.0
Turnout 23,707 67.4 −5.1
Registered electors 35,193
Labour hold Swing −7.5
General election 1922: Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles Trevelyan 13,709 54.2 +17.6
Unionist George Renwick 8,639 34.2 −31.2
Liberal John Dodd 2,923 11.6 N/A
Majority 5,070 20.0 N/A
Turnout 25,271 72.5 +28.6
Registered electors 34,844
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +24.4

Election in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central [30][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist George Renwick 9,414 65.4 N/A
Labour James Smith 4,976 34.6 N/A
Majority 4,438 30.8 N/A
Turnout 14,390 43.9 N/A
Registered electors 32,796
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ The 50 Most Influential Women in UK Tech 2017 – Chi Onwurah, shadow minister for industrial strategy, science and innovation, Computer Weekly, 3 October 2017
  3. ^ "Elections 2017: Declaration times in time order". Press Association. Retrieved 7 June 2017.
  4. ^ Constituency Profile The Guardian
  5. ^ Unemployment statistics The Guardian
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 1)
  7. ^ "Green Party announces its Newcastle candidates". Newcastle upon Tyne Green Party. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  8. ^ "Newcastle upon Tyne Central". BBC News. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
  9. ^ "Newcastle upon Tyne Central". BBC News. Retrieved 31 March 2017.
  10. ^ "General Elections Online 2015".
  11. ^ Wearmouth, Rachel (17 January 2015). "Young Geordie Tory from Heaton to battle Labour for Newcastle Central seat". Chronicle Live. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  12. ^ http://ukip-gatesheadnewcastle.org.uk/candidates.htm
  13. ^ Tallentire, Mark (15 January 2015). "Greens name election candidates". The Northern Echo. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  14. ^ name=generalelectionsonline2010>{{cite web|title=Election Data 2010|url=http://geo.digiminster.com/election/2010-05-06/Results/Location/Constituency/Newcastle%20upon%20Tyne%20Central%7C
  15. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Washington & Sunderland West". BBC News.
  16. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  21. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  23. ^ "'Newcastle upon Tyne Central', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 3 April 2016. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
  24. ^ [1]
  25. ^ [2]
  26. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  27. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  28. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  29. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  30. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  31. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922