New Consolidated Gold Fields

New Consolidated Gold Fields Ltd Estonian Branch (commonly known as Goldfields) was an oil shale company located in Kohtla-Nõmme, Estonia. It was a subsidiary of Consolidated Gold Fields.

New Consolidated Gold Fields Ltd. Estonian Branch
TypePrivate limited company
IndustryOil and gas
Key people
William Dunn (Chairman)
ProductsShale oil
Production output
11,400 tonnes of shale oil (1939)
ParentConsolidated Gold Fields
SubsidiariesTrustivapaa Bensiini
A black-and-white photo of a shale oil extraction plant at Kohtla operated by New Consolidated Gold Fields Limited
Kohtla shale oil extraction plant of New Consolidated Gold Fields Ltd.

New Consolidated Gold Fields began oil shale research and development in the late 1920s in England.[1] In 1930 it began construction of the shale oil extraction complex at Kohtla-Nõmme. It consisted of a shale oil extraction plant, a crushing mill, laboratory, power plant, office building and services facilities, as also housing for 30 workers, dispensary and sauna.[2] The first plant was built in 1931. The plant was equipped with eight rotating retorts (Davidson retorts).[3][4] Each of these retorts was capable of processing 15 tonnes of oil shale per day.[4] This facility continued to operate until 1961.[3] In 1934 the company doubled its production by building the second shale oil extraction plant.[5]

In 1934, Eesti Kiviõli and New Consolidated Gold Fields established the service station chain Trustivapaa Bensiini (now: Teboil) in Finland. During 1940 this chain sold more shale-oil-derived gasoline than did the entire conventional gasoline market in Estonia.[6] In 1937, the company opened the Kohtla underground mine.[3]

After the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union, the company was nationalized in 1940. The Kohtla-Nõmme shale oil extraction complex continued to operate until 1961.[3] The underground mine stayed operational until 2001.[7]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ EPA (1979), p. C-10
  2. ^ "Inglise õlitööstus kerkib. Majandusministeeriumi juhid ehitustöödega tutvunemas" [British oil shale industry is progressing. Leaders of the Ministry of Economic Affairs Economy to familiarize with construction works]. Postimees. 1930-08-15.
  3. ^ a b c d Ots (2004), pp. 15–16
  4. ^ a b Lindquist, W. (1937-09-11). "Estländska oljeskifferindustrien" [Estonian oil shale industry]. Teknisk Tidskrift. Kemi (in Swedish) (9): 71–75. Retrieved 2014-03-31.
  5. ^ "Inglaste põlevkivikaevandus suureneb. Vabrik ehitatakse poolevõrra suuremaks" [British oil shale mining increases. The factory to be built a half bigger]. Postimees. 1934-05-24.
  6. ^ Holmberg (2008), pp. 112–114
  7. ^ Karu, Veiko; Valgma, Ingo; Kolats, Margit (2013). "Mine water as a potential source of energy from underground mined area in Estonian oil shale deposit" (PDF). Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal. Estonian Academy Publishers. 30 (2S): 336–362. doi:10.3176/oil.2013.2S.12. ISSN 0208-189X. Retrieved 2014-04-12.