Neal Kumar Katyal (born March 12, 1970) is an American lawyer and academic. He is a partner at Hogan Lovells and the Paul and Patricia Saunders Professor of National Security Law at Georgetown University Law Center. During the Obama administration, Katyal served as Acting Solicitor General of the United States from May 2010 until June 2011. Previously, Katyal served as an attorney in the Solicitor General's office, and as Principal Deputy Solicitor General in the U.S. Justice Department. He is currently a Partner of Chamath Palihapitiya Social+capital Partnership and a member of the board of Social Capital Ventures Inc.
|Principal Deputy Solicitor General of the United States|
June 9, 2011 – August 26, 2011
|Preceded by||Leondra Kruger (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Sri Srinivasan|
February 3, 2009 – May 17, 2010
|Preceded by||Daryl Joseffer|
|Succeeded by||Leondra Kruger (acting)|
|Acting Solicitor General of the United States|
May 17, 2010 – June 9, 2011
|Preceded by||Elena Kagan|
|Succeeded by||Donald B. Verrilli Jr.|
Neal Kumar Katyal
March 12, 1970
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Education||Dartmouth College (BA)|
Yale University (JD)
Early life and educationEdit
Katyal was born in the United States on March 12, 1970, to immigrant parents originally from India. His mother is a pediatrician and his father, who died in 2005, was an engineer. Katyal's sister Sonia is also an attorney and currently teaches law at University of California, Berkeley School of Law. He studied at Loyola Academy, a Jesuit Catholic high school in Wilmette, Illinois. He graduated in 1991 from Dartmouth College, where he was a member of Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Nu fraternity and the Dartmouth Forensic Union.
Katyal then attended Yale Law School. In law school, Katyal was an editor of the Yale Law Journal, and studied under Akhil Amar and Bruce Ackerman, with whom he published articles in law review and political opinion journals in 1995 and 1996. After receiving his JD in 1995, Katyal clerked for Judge Guido Calabresi of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and then Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer.
President Bill Clinton commissioned him to write a report on the need for more legal pro bono work. In 1999 he drafted special counsel regulations, which guided the Mueller investigation of the Russian government's efforts to interfere in the 2016 presidential election. He also represented Vice-President Al Gore as co-counsel in Bush v. Gore, and represented the deans of most major private law schools in Grutter v. Bollinger.
While serving at the Justice Department, Katyal argued numerous cases before the Supreme Court, including his successful defense (by an 8–1 decision) of the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in Northwest Austin v. Holder. Katyal also successfully argued in favor of the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act and won a unanimous decision from the Supreme Court defending former Attorney General John Ashcroft against alleged abuses of civil liberties in the war on terror in Ashcroft v. al-Kidd. Katyal is also the only head of the Solicitor General's office to argue in the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit.
On May 24, 2011, speaking as Acting Solicitor General, Katyal delivered the keynote speech at the Department of Justice's Great Hall marking Asian American and Pacific Islander Heritage Month. Developing comments he had posted officially on May 20, Katyal issued the Justice Department's first public confession of its 1942 ethics lapse in arguing the Hirabayashi and Korematsu cases in the US Supreme Court, which had resulted in upholding the internment of American citizens of Japanese descent. He called those prosecutions—which were only vacated in the 1980s—"blots" on the reputation of his office, which the Supreme Court explicitly considers as deserving of "special credence" when arguing cases, and "an important reminder" of the need for absolute candor in arguing the United States government's position on every case. Katyal also lectured at Fordham Law School concerning that decision.
Katyal was critical of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. While teaching at Georgetown University Law Center for two decades, Katyal was lead counsel for the Guantanamo Bay detainees in the Supreme Court case Hamdan v. Rumsfeld (2006), which held that Guantanamo military commissions set up by the George W. Bush administration to try detainees "violate both the UCMJ and the four Geneva Conventions."
Upon leaving the Obama Administration, Katyal returned to Georgetown University Law Center, but also became a partner at the global law firm Hogan Lovells. He specializes in constitutional law, national security, criminal defense and intellectual property, as well as running the appellate practice once run by John Roberts. During law school Katyal clerked one summer at Hogan Lovells, where he worked for Roberts before Roberts's nomination to the US Supreme Court.
In 2017, American Lawyer Magazine named Katyal its Grand Prize Litigator of the Year for 2016 and 2017.
Katyal has been criticized for filing briefs taking anti-union positions in two Supreme Court cases, Janus v. AFSCME. and Epic Systems Corp. v. Lewis. Katyal’s employer, Hogan Lovells, characterized Katyal's successes in these cases as a “major win for employers."
In 2020, Katyal represented Nestle and Cargill at the Supreme Court, defending them against a lawsuit over their accused abetting of child slavery. His argument that Nestle and Cargill should not be held liable for their use of child slave labor because the corporation that supplied Zyklon B to the Nazis to kill Jews and other minorities in extermination camps was not indicted at the Nuremberg trials received considerable criticism from liberal publications like The New Republic.
In 2021, Katyal represented financial giant Citigroup in their efforts to recoup a mistaken transfer of $900 million to creditors of Revlon Inc. Katyal also worked with the prosecution team in State v. Chauvin.
Katyal endorsed President Trump's nomination of Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court in an op-ed to The New York Times. When that newspaper's public editor criticized the op-ed for failing to disclose Katyal had active cases being considered by the Court, Katyal responded that it would have been obvious he always has cases being heard by the Supreme Court. Katyal formally introduced Judge Gorsuch at the Senate Judiciary Committee confirmation hearings.
In addition to Gorsuch, Katyal also spoke highly of President Trump's nomination of Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. In multiple tweets that were cited by Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell in favor of Kavanaugh's confirmation, Katyal praised Kavanaugh's "credentials [and] hardworking nature," and described his "mentoring and guidance" of female law clerks as "a model for all of us in the legal profession." Katyal has also described Kavanaugh as "very gracious" and "incredibly likable." “It’s very hard for anyone who has worked with him, appeared before him, to frankly say a bad word about him,” Katyal observed during a July 2018 panel on Kavanaugh's nomination sponsored by The Heritage Foundation, a conservative think-tank. Katyal's comments in support of Kavanaugh were made prior to Christine Blasey Ford's Senate Judiciary Committee testimony.
Honors and awardsEdit
The US Justice Department awarded Katyal the Edmund Randolph Award, the highest honor the Department can bestow on a civilian. The National Law Journal named Katyal its runner-up for "Lawyer of the Year" in 2006 and in 2004 awarded him its Pro Bono award. American Lawyer Magazine considered him one of the top 50 litigators nationally. Washingtonian Magazine named him one of the 30 best living Supreme Court advocates; Legal Times (jointly owed by American Lawyer Media) profiled him as one of the "90 Greatest Lawyers over the Last 30 Years".
Katyal is married to Joanna Rosen, a doctor. His brother-in-law is Jeffrey Rosen, president and CEO of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. His sister Sonia Katyal is the Chancellor's Professor of Law and co-director of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology at UC Berkeley.
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- Katyal, Neal Kumar. "Curriculum vitae" (PDF). Georgetown University Law Center. Archived (PDF) from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- "Remarks to Representatives of the Legal Community" (PDF). Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents. U.S. Government Publishing Office. 35 (29): 1430. July 20, 1999. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- Katyal, Neal K. (February 21, 2019). "Opinion | The Mueller Report Is Coming. Here's What to Expect". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- "Neal Katyal's Sentimental Send-Off". Archived from the original on July 2, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
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- Law Prof Who Proposed US Court to Try Gitmo Detainees Gets DOJ Nod Archived 2009-01-25 at the Wayback Machine, ABA Journal, January 21, 2009.
- Katyal, Neal (May 20, 2011). "Confession of Error: The Solicitor General's Mistakes During the Japanese-American Internment Cases". U.S. Department of Justice. Archived from the original on January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 17, 2018.
- Savage, David G. (May 24, 2011), "U.S. official cites misconduct in Japanese American internment cases", The Los Angeles Times, archived from the original on June 9, 2011, retrieved February 3, 2012.
- Fordham Law School announcement (retrieved February 3, 2012) "The Solicitor General and Confession of Error: The Hirabayashi Case" 3/08/2012
- Neal Kumar Katyal and Laurence Tribe, Waging War, Deciding Guilt: Trying the Military Tribunals Archived 2015-03-29 at the Wayback Machine, 111 Yale L.J. 1259 (2002).
- Neal Katyal, The Supreme Court, 2005 Term — Comment: Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: The Legal Academy Goes to Practice, 120 Harv. L. Rev. 65 (2006). Archived at the Wayback Machine (archived 29 September 2015)
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- Kang, Brian Fallon, Christopher (August 21, 2019). "No More Corporate Lawyers on the Federal Bench". The Atlantic. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- "Hogan Lovells Scores Major Win for Employers in Supreme Court Case". All in a Day's Work: The Employer's Legal Guide. May 21, 2018. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- Stern, Mark Joseph (December 1, 2020). "Prominent Anti-Trump Attorney Asks the Supreme Court to Let Corporations off the Hook for Child Slavery". Slate Magazine. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Pareene, Alex; Noah, Timothy; Noah, Timothy; Caldwell, Christopher; Caldwell, Christopher; Bahadur, Gaiutra; Bahadur, Gaiutra; Ford, Matt; Ford, Matt (December 8, 2020). "Neal Katyal and the Depravity of Big Law". The New Republic. ISSN 0028-6583. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
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- "Citi Lawyer Cites Mystery Bank He Says Made Even Bigger Flub". Bloomberg.com. April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 11, 2021.
- Deanna Paul, Jacob Gershman and Joe Barrett.(22 April 2021). "The Derek Chauvin Prosecutors and Their Big Gamble". Wall Street Journal website Retrieved 22 April 2021.
- Katyal, Neal K. (January 31, 2017). "Why Liberals Should Back Neil Gorsuch". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- Spayd, Liz (February 2, 2017). "Arguing for a Judge Today, and Before Him Tomorrow". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2017. Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- "On the Question of Judicial Temperament". RealClearPolitics. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- "Even Liberal Legal Experts Admit Judge Kavanaugh Is 'A Superstar' | Republican Leader". www.republicanleader.senate.gov. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
- Katyal, Neal [@neal_katyal] (July 9, 2018). "Given J.Kavanaugh's credentials,hardworking nature&much more, it would be such a difft confirmation process if for a difft seat (like Justice Thomas') or if he were nominated by a difft President (like, any of them who weren't subjects of criminal investigations + multiple suits)" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Katyal, Neal [@neal_katyal] (July 13, 2018). "Regardless of where one stands on the Kavanaugh nomination, this is 100% right. I've seen it myself many times firsthand with his former clerks. His mentoring and guidance is a model for all of us in the legal profession. at.law.com/tL5kA3?cmp=share_twitter … via @TheNLJ" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- "Former Obama Solicitor General Calls Kavanaugh 'Brilliant Jurist,' 'Exemplary' Judge". August 2, 2018. Archived from the original on April 19, 2019. Retrieved April 19, 2019.
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- Press release (December 18, 2006). "The Nat w Journal Selects Libby Defense Lawyer Theodore Wells as 2006 Lawyer of the Year," National Law Journal Archived 2017-02-24 at the Wayback Machine ("The (National Law Journal) also named Neal K. Katyal and Carter G. Phillips as this year's runners-up.") Retrieved February 22, 2017.
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- "Brandeis's Seat, Kagan's Responsibility". The New York Times. July 4, 2010. Archived from the original on May 21, 2018. Retrieved February 25, 2017.
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- Nina Totenberg, "Hamdan v. Rumsfeld: Path to a Landmark Ruling", NPR, September 5, 2006
- Georgetown University Law Center faculty profile, containing a link to his publications, awards and cases argued
- Website maintained by Hamdan's defense team, including counsel profiles and briefs
- Profile about Katyal and Hamdan case, Vanity Fair, March 2007
- "Katyal's Crusade: How an Overachieving Law Professor Toppled the President's Terror Tribunals", Legal Times July 31, 2006
- "A Patriot's Act", Dartmouth Alumni Magazine, July 2006