National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa

The National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa (NUMSA) is the biggest single trade union in South Africa with more than 338,000 members, and prior to its expulsion on 8 November 2014, the largest affiliate of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU), the country's largest trade union federation.[1][2][3]

NUMSA
NUMSA logo.svg
Full nameNational Union of Metalworkers of South Africa
Founded1987
Members>338,000 (2013)
AffiliationSAFTU
Key peopleAndrew Chirwa, president
Irvin Jim, general secretary
Office locationJohannesburg, South Africa
CountrySouth Africa
Websitewww.numsa.org.za

HistoryEdit

NUMSA was founded in May 1987, with the merger of four unions:[4][5]

The General and Allied Workers' Union and the Transport and General Workers' Union, both affiliated to COSATU, also transferred their members in relevant industries.[5]

The union considers itself to be Marxist-Leninist, and has had a fraught relationship with the South African Communist Party (SACP), which it considers to be no longer adhering to Marxist-Leninist principles.[6] Post-1994, NUMSA became known within the Tripartite Alliance between COSATU, the SACP and the ruling African National Congress (ANC) for its refusal to remain silent on controversial ANC policies, especially its promotion of privatisation and its failure to end mass poverty in the country.

As of 2013, the union has over 340,000 members throughout South Africa.[7]

Rejection of ANC and SACPEdit

At the conclusion on 20 December 2013 of a special national congress held in Boksburg, NUMSA withdrew support from the ANC and SACP altogether, and called for an alternative movement of the working class. The union stated that it would not endorse any political party in the 2014 South African general election, but that individual members were free to campaign for the party of their choice, provided they do so in their own time using their own resources. It called for COSATU to break from the Tripartite Alliance and form a united front of left-wing forces similar to the United Democratic Front (UDF) during the struggle against Apartheid.[8] As part of this, it called a conference for 2014 to explore the possibility of establishing a new workers' socialist party.[1] NUMSA remained a COSATU affiliate until 8 November 2014, although it resolved to cease its R800 000 monthly subscription fee payments to the federation.[8] In December, 2013 the union also said it would also stop paying contributions to the South African Communist Party (SACP). Up until that time they had been paying the SACP R1-million a year.[7] It has issued a call for the resignation of Jacob Zuma as President of South Africa.[9]

Rejection of the EFF and WASPEdit

The union also distanced itself from Julius Malema and his Economic Freedom Fighters citing concerns about corruption, authoritarianism and a limited conception of anti-capitalism. It has also been critical of the Workers and Socialist Party (WASP).[10][11][12]

 
The entrance to the 10th National Congress meeting of NUMSA in 2016.

Expulsion from COSATUEdit

In the early hours of the morning of 8 November 2014, after an "excruciating" 15-hour debate, the delegates of COSATU's Central Executive Committee (CEC) voted 33–24 in favour of expelling NUMSA from the trade union federation. After the vote was announced, a row occurred when COSATU president Sdumo Dlamini told the NUMSA CEC delegates to leave the meeting, but general secretary Zwelinzima Vavi intervened, citing the COSATU constitution to argue NUMSA would need to be informed in writing of its expulsion before it became valid. This did not calm matters, with both sides becoming ever more frustrated until the NUMSA delegates walked out and NUMSA secretary general Irvin Jim announced the union's expulsion to journalists waiting outside COSATU House. The meeting was adjourned shortly after without the remaining items on the agenda having been discussed.[13]

The Democratic Left Front (DLF) has stated that NUMSA's expulsion "brings an end to Cosatu as a fighting trade union" and that "Cosatu will degenerate further into essentially a sweetheart and bureaucratised union".[3][14] Jim has stated that "the fight is not over" and has outlined a strategy of mobilising the union's membership, and the membership of other COSATU unions, to fight its expulsion from COSATU. This may involve court action. He stated that the union will not abandon its plans of launching a united front of left-wing forces to oppose the ANC. Frans Baleni, the general secretary of the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM), meanwhile "pleaded" with NUMSA to apologise to COSATU, but Jim has called Baleni a "hypocrite" who "led the fight against Numsa".[15]

LeadershipEdit

General SecretariesEdit

1987: Moses Mayekiso[16]
1993: Enoch Godongwana[16]
1996: Mbuyiselo Ngwenda[16]
1999: Peter Dantjie (acting)[17]
2000: Silumko Nondwangu[16]
2008: Irvin Jim[16]

PresidentsEdit

1987: Daniel Dube[16]
1991: Maxwell Xulu[16]
1992: Mthuthuzeli Tom[16]
2008: Cedric Gina[16]
2013: Andrew Nditshe Chirwa

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Polgreen, Lydia (20 December 2013). "South Africa's Biggest Trade Union Pulls Its Support for A.N.C." The New York Times. United States. Retrieved 24 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ SAPA (20 December 2013). "Numsa abandons ANC". Independent Online. South Africa. Retrieved 23 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b Shabalala, Zandi (8 November 2014). "South Africa's ANC-aligned union body expels vocal critic". Reuters. Retrieved 8 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Monaisa, Chere (2017). Trade Unions in Transformation (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  5. ^ a b "History". National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  6. ^ Numsa’s Response To The SA Communist Party (SACP). National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa website. Dated 17 December 2014.
  7. ^ a b George, Zine (22 December 2013). "Numsa breaks official link with ANC alliance". Daily Dispatch. South Africa. Retrieved 9 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ a b Letsoalo, Matuma; Mataboge, Mmanaledi (20 December 2013). "Gatvol Numsa cuts ties with ANC". Mail & Guardian. South Africa. Retrieved 25 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ SAPA (20 December 2013). "Numsa wants Cosatu to split from ANC". Independent Online. South Africa. Retrieved 24 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ NUMSA (9 January 2014). "NUMSA's assessment of the EFF". Politicsweb.co.za. South Africa. Retrieved 9 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ Aboobaker, Shanti (29 December 2013). "Numsa wary of 'capitalist' Malema". Independent Online. South Africa. Retrieved 9 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  12. ^ Pillay, Verashni (7 February 2014). "Full Marx at Numsa's political school". Mail & Guardian. South Africa. Retrieved 9 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ Hunter, Qaanitah (8 November 2014). "Numsa expelled from Cosatu". Mail & Guardian. South Africa. Retrieved 16 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  14. ^ SAPA (8 November 2014). "Cosatu 'will degenerate' without Numsa". News24. South Africa. Retrieved 8 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Evans, Sarah (9 November 2014). "'The fight is not over' - Numsa to fight Cosatu expulsion". Mail & Guardian. South Africa. Retrieved 9 November 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Happy 25th birthday!". National Union of Metalworkers of South Africa. Retrieved 7 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Peter Dantjie leaves NUMSA". IndustriALL. Retrieved 7 March 2021.

External linksEdit