General and Allied Workers' Union

The General and Allied Workers' Union (GAWU) was a general union in South Africa.

The union originated as the Transvaal section of the Black Allied Workers' Union. In 1980, Rita Ndzanga and Mary Ntsike led a split which became GAWU. Numerous local South African Congress of Trade Unions activists also joined, including Samson Ndou, Ephraim Shabangu, Samuel Pholoto and Sydney Mufamadi.[1][2]

By 1985, the union had 19,076 members. That year, it was a founding affiliate of the Congress of South African Trade Unions.[3] In 1987, it merged with the Health and Allied Workers' Union and the South African Allied Workers' Union, to form the National Education, Health and Allied Workers' Union.[4]


  1. ^ Miller, Shirley (1982). Trade Unions in South Africa 1970-1980: a directory and statistics. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit. ISBN 0799204692.
  2. ^ The road to democracy in South Africa (PDF). South African Democracy Education Trust. 2006. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  3. ^ "COSATU turns 20!". NUMSA. Retrieved 13 March 2021.
  4. ^ Bendix, Sonia (1996). Industrial Relations in the New South Africa. Cape Town: Creda Press. ISBN 0702134538.