National Commission for Scheduled Castes

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes is an Indian constitutional body under the jurisdiction of Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes and Anglo Indian communities to promote and protect their social, educational, economic and cultural interests, special provisions were made in the Constitution.[1] Article 338 of the Indian constitution deals with National Commission for Scheduled Castes. Article 338 A deals with National Commission for Scheduled tribes.

National Commission for Scheduled Castes
राष्ट्रीय अनुसूचित जाति आयोग
Commission overview
Formed19 February 2004; 18 years ago (2004-02-19)
Preceding Commission
  • National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes 1978
JurisdictionMinistry of Social Justice and Empowerment , Government of India
HeadquartersNew Delhi
Minister responsible
Commission executives
  • Arun Haldar, Vice-Chairman
  • Anju Bala, Member
  • Subhash Pardhi, Member
Websitehttps://ncsc.nic.in

HistoryEdit

Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled TribesEdit

The first Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes was set up in August 1978 with Bhola Paswan Shastri as chairman and other four members. Members of the commission includes a chairman, a vice chairman and four other members.[2] It was set up as a national level advisory body to advise the government on broad policy issues and levels of development of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. The president of India appoints the chairman of commission. The fifth schedule of Indian constitution deals with the administration and control of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Service condition and tenure is determined by president of India. Article 341 deals with notification of Scheduled Castes and Article 342 deals with notification of Scheduled Tribes.

The first Commission was constituted in 1992 with S. H. Ramdhan as chairman.

The second Commission was constituted in October 1995 with H. Hanumanthappa as chairman.

The third Commission was constituted in December 1998 with Dileep Singh Bhuria as the chairman.

The fourth Commission was constituted in March 2002 with Dr. Bizay Sonkar Shastri as the chairperson.

Consequent upon the Constitution (Eighty-Ninth Amendment) Act, 2003 the erstwhile National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes has been replaced by

(1) National Commission for Scheduled Castes and

(2) National Commission for Scheduled Tribes.

National Commission for Scheduled CastesEdit

The first National Commission for Scheduled Castes was constituted in 2004 with Suraj Bhan as the chairman. The second was constituted in May 2007 (chairperson: Buta Singh); the third from October 2010 (P. L. Punia); and the fourth from 2013, also with Punia as chairperson. The fifth National Commission for Scheduled Castes began work in 2017 under chairmanship of Ram Shankar Katheria.[3] L Murugan was made vice chairman with K.Ramulu, Dr Yogendra Paswan and Dr. Swaraj Vidwan as members.[4] The President has appointed Shri Vijaya Sampla as the chairman of the sixth National Commission for Scheduled Castes. Shri Arun Halder is the vice-chairman. Shri Subhash Ramnath Pardhi and Smt. Anju Bala are the other members of the sixth NCSC.[citation needed]

FunctionsEdit

The following are the functions of the commission:[5]

  • To investigate and monitor all matters relating to the safeguards provided for the Scheduled Castes under this Constitution or under any other law for the time being in force or under any order of the Government and to evaluate the working of such safeguards
  • To inquire into specific complaints with respect to the deprivation of rights and safeguards of the Scheduled Castes
  • To participate and advise on the planning process of socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes and to evaluate the progress of their development under the Union and any State
  • To present to the President, annually and at such other times as the Commission may deem fit, reports upon the working of those safeguards
  • To make in such reports recommendations as to the measures that should be taken by the Union or any State for the effective implementation of those safeguards and other measures for the protection, welfare and socio-economic development of the Scheduled Castes
  • To discharge such other functions in relation to the protection, welfare and development and advancement of the Scheduled Castes as the President may, subject to the provisions of any law made by Parliament, by rule specify[6]

ChairmanEdit

S. No. Name Portrait Took Office Left Office Commission State Vice-chairman
1 Suraj Bhan   24 February 2004 6 August 2007 1st Haryana Fakir Vaghela
2 Buta Singh   25 May 2007 24 May 2010 2nd Punjab N. M. Kamble
3 P. L. Punia   15 October 2010 14 October 2013 3rd Haryana Raj Kumar Verka
22 October 2013 21 October 2016 4th
4 R. S. Katheria   31 May 2017 30 May 2020 5th Uttar Pradesh L. Murugan
5 Vijay Sampla   18 February 2021[7] 1 February 2022[8] 6th Punjab Arun Halder

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ National Commission for Schedule Castes | India Environment Portal
  2. ^ "Genesis Genesis". ncsc.nic.in. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  3. ^ "Who's Who". National Commission for Scheduled Castes. Retrieved 24 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Former union minister to head national commission for schedule caste". Deccan Herald. 31 May 2017. Retrieved 19 May 2020.
  5. ^ "THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003". by Government of India. indiacode.nic.in. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
  6. ^ II. Provisions relating to SCs (Page 6) – Constitutional Provisions: Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India
  7. ^ "BJP Leader Vijay Sampla Takes Charge As Scheduled Castes Commission Chief". NDTV.com. Retrieved 11 March 2021.
  8. ^ Sampla resigned from SC Commission Chairman

External linksEdit