|Village and community|
Church of St Mary
|Population||284 (2011 census)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||NP18 2|
|Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament|
|Source: 2001 and 2011 Censuses |
Origin of the nameEdit
The name is thought to originate from a contraction of "An Ash" (tree), meaning literally `place of the ash tree(s)'. This is supported by its appearance in deeds as "De Fraxino" (fraxinus was the Latin name for the ash tree).
Nash lies about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south of the built-up area of the city of Newport, on the Caldicot levels, a large area of land reclaimed from the sea and crossed by drainage channels and reens. In addition to the village itself, the parish contains Uskmouth power stations  and part of the Newport Wetlands nature reserve, including its Visitors Centre which was opened in 2008.
Together with the neighbouring parishes of Goldcliff and Whitson, Nash is one of the "Three Parishes" which have long been treated as a unit – geographical, socially, economically and ecclesiastically.
The parish is bounded to the south by the sea (Bristol Channel) to the east by the lower reaches of the River Usk and to the north by Liswerry and the Llanwern Steelworks site. To the east lie Goldcliff and Whitson.
In 1901 the only four private residents are listed as Mrs Morgan at "Greenfield", Mrs Morgan at "The Elms", Rev. C. W. Triton (Baptist minister, but curiously no separate residence given) and Miss Ester Wilcox at "Decoy Pool". Some twenty nine commercial interests include mostly farmers (22) but also William German, blacksmith and wheelwright, at "Pye Corner", Mrs Sarah Jones, publican at "Waterloo Inn", John Skuse, shop-keeper at Broadstreet Common, Edward Tamplin butcher at "Box Cottage", David Thomas farm bailiff to Mr. James Thomas at "Pye Corner Farm", John Watkins, butcher and Lewis Williams, mason at "Ash Cottage".
A large part of the village, including Farmfield House, was lost in the construction of the Uskmouth power station and the adjoining huge ash-pits in 1959. Although the main part of the village centres around the church in West Nash, much of the village is set along the wide Broadstreet Common, accessed via Pye Corner or Straits Lane, and which provides the more direct route to Whitson and Redwick. For many years the German family were the village blacksmiths at Pye Corner with the premises eventually becoming a petrol station. The site is now occupied by the offices of the Caldicot and Wentloog Levels Internal Drainage Board. About 400 metres (440 yd) south of Pye Corner is Fair Orchard, dating from the early 19th century, which is a Grade II listed building. The village had its own small infant school, built in 1877  on West Nash Road. It closed in the early 1980s and has now been converted into a private dwelling.
The Church of St Mary in West Nash, dating originally from the 12th century, is an important Grade I listed church, notable for its fine tower and spire and has been called "the Cathedral of the Moors". The church belonged to Goldcliff Priory in 1349 when Robert Arney was instituted to the benefice. The Arney family, in the time of Charles II, left a cottage and six acres of land, called "The Poor's Six Acres", for the support of the poor of the parish.
The church was largely rebuilt during the 16th century.
The only remains of the Norman church is the North Wall of the chancel and the squint. An unusual feature, the squint or hagioscope was used to enable those with leprosy, smallpox or other such diseases, to see or participate in the service without endangering the rest of the congregation with infection. The tower is unusually located on the north side of the chancel. The church is thought to originally have been much larger, incorporating a North aisle.
In the early years of the 20th century the floor of the bellringer's room was used as a temporary mortuary for the bodies of five sailors who had been drowned at sea, in a violent storm, near the East Usk Lighthouse. Four of the sailors had been found lashed to the mast. During World War II the church saw congregations of 400. The interior, following restoration in 2004–2005, is notable for its complete set of 18th century furnishings, with box pews, a three-decker pulpit and a western gallery. In the fields to the south of the neighbouring Church Farm are ancient tumuli, the vestiges of some ancient, possibly mediæval, dwelling or chapel.
At Pye Corner is the former Baptist chapel. The chapel, which opened in 1820 or 1822, had with seating for 125 and a congregation which included residents of what was then the hamlet of Lliswerry, about 1 mile (1.6 km) to the north.
When Lliswerry Baptist Church opened in 1889, some of the congregation found it more convenient to attend there. The same year that Lliswerry was incorporated into Newport under the provisions of the Newport (Mon.) Corporation Act, 1889. The chapel at Nash contained a covered immersion baptismal font and a pedal organ built and played by Alfred W. Haime, master baker, of Earlswood, Shirenewton.
A steady decline in attendances at Nash led to only five remaining members in 1988 and the chapel closed some time afterwards. In 2006 a planning application was made to Newport City Council to convert the building into a dwelling house with vehicular access. It is now in private ownership.
To the north of church, at the end of St. Mary's Road, The Waterloo public house is a tenanted free-house notable for the fact it is owned by the parish council. A modern Community Hall has been built nearby.
In October 2009 the village skyline was transformed with the installation of two 2.5-megawatt wind turbines, on the site of chemical company Solutia UK Ltd, which will supply up to one-third of the facility's electricity needs.
Several road schemes have proposed a southern relief motorway loop for Newport, as a way of mitigating the congestion of the existing M4 motorway. Many of these schemes have involved intrusion, to a greater or lesser extent, into Nash. As a result Nash Community Council became a member of the "Campaign Against the Levels Motorway" (CALM) Alliance formed to oppose such schemes by the Friends of the Earth Cymru. The bypass scheme was eventually cancelled in July 2009.
In June 2010 a public meeting was held at the village Community Centre to discuss proposals for a waste incinerator in Newport. Members of the "Stop Newport Incinerator Campaign (SNIC)" organsised the meeting to explain to residents the possible development on Bowleaze Common land south of Llanwern steelworks.
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- Bradney, Sir Joseph, A History of Monmouthshire, Vol 4 part 2: The Hundred of Caldicot (Part 2). pub 1914, reprinted 1994, Merton Priory Press.
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- Newport centre is a wetland wonder!
- "Kelly's Directory for Monmouthshire, 1901". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
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- "900-year-old Newport church to tell its story", South Wales Argus, 6 August 2010. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "BAPTIST CHAPEL, PYE CORNER, - Coflein". coflein.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 4 February 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- "Geograph:: Newport Wetlands Plaque (C) Robin Drayton". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Geograph:: Newport Wetlands, East Usk Lighthouse (C) Robin Drayton". geograph.org.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Biodiversity - Newport City Council". newport.gov.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- Blake, Aled (31 October 2009). "Solutia in green bid to blow away high energy bills". walesonline.co.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
- "Friends of the Earth Cymru". foe.co.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
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- "Incinerator plans up for discussion". southwalesargus.co.uk. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
This article contains public domain material from J. A. Bradney's History of Monmouthshire (1904).