Najibabad

Najibabad is a city in Bijnor district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is a major industrial city and is well connected to all major cities of India by roadways via NH 119 and NH 74 respectively and also by various trains.

Najibabad
City
Nickname(s): 
Najibnagar
Najibabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Najibabad
Najibabad
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Najibabad is located in India
Najibabad
Najibabad
Najibabad (India)
Coordinates: 29°45′N 78°20′E / 29.75°N 78.33°E / 29.75; 78.33Coordinates: 29°45′N 78°20′E / 29.75°N 78.33°E / 29.75; 78.33
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictBijnor district
Founded byNajib-ud-Daulah
Government
 • Type
  • MLA: Tasleem (SP)
  • Chairman: Mohammad Moazzam Khan
Area rank271
Elevation
315 m (1,033 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total88,535
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
246763
Telephone code01341
Vehicle registrationHT 73, UP-20

HistoryEdit

Nawab Najib-ud-Daula, also known as Najib Khan was a noted Rohilla Muslim warrior and serviceman of both the Mughal Empire and the Durrani empire, Nawab Najib-ud-Daula was a noted Rohilla tribal chief in 18th century Rohilkhand, who in the 1740s founded the city of Najibabad in Bijnor district, India where he established the present-day city of Najibabad, a state of Najibabad independent from Rohilla tribes, and received the title, "Nawab Najib-ud-Daulla". From 1757 to 1770 he was governor of Saharanpur, ruling over Dehradun.Many architectural relics of the period of Rohilla he oversaw remain in Najibabad, which he founded at the height of his career as a Mughal minister.He succeed Safdarjung as Grand Wazir of the Mughal Empire and was a devoted serviceman of the Mughal Emperor Alamgir II; later in his career he was known as Nawab Najib-ud-Doula.[2]

According to George Foster ("A Journey from Bengal to England", 1790):

Najibuddaulah, who built this town, saw that its situation would facilitate the commerce of Kashmir, which having been diverted from its former channel of Lahore and Delhi, by the inroads of Sicques [Sikhs], Maharattas and Afgans, took course through the mountains at the head of the Punjab and was introduced into the Rohilla (country) through the Lall Dong Pass. This inducement, with the desire of establishing a mart for the Hindoos of the adjacent mountains, probably influenced the choice of this spot, which otherwise is not favourable for the site of a capital town being low, and surrounded by swampy grounds…. since the death of its founder, Najibabad had fallen from its former importance and seems now chiefly upheld by the languishing trade of Kashmir.”[3]

After the death of Najib-u-Daula, he was succeeded by his son Zabita Khan. His cemetery is still in present-day Najibabad.In Najibabad, there was a fort of great Sultana Daku or "The Sultan Bandit". The fort is still situated in Najibabad.Najibabad city also known as "GATEWAY OF HIMALAYAS" and "shehro ka shehar".[citation needed]

Najibabad is also the native place of the illustrious Sahu Jain family - brothers Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain and Shreyans Prasad Jain and their nephew Sahu Ramesh Chandra Jain were born here. The descendants of the Sahu Jain family own the Times Group and its parent company, Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. That runs the world's largest selling newspaper. Trimohan Pan Bhandar is one of the oldest shop of the city.[citation needed]

 
Patthargarh fort also called Najibabad Fort

GeographyEdit

Najibabad is located at 29°38′N 78°20′E / 29.63°N 78.33°E / 29.63; 78.33.[4] It has an average elevation of 295.5 metres (1014 feet).

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Najibabad (1981–2010, extremes 1952–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.9
(76.8)
30.6
(87.1)
36.0
(96.8)
41.7
(107.1)
43.0
(109.4)
45.2
(113.4)
40.0
(104.0)
38.4
(101.1)
37.7
(99.9)
36.6
(97.9)
31.0
(87.8)
27.4
(81.3)
45.2
(113.4)
Average high °C (°F) 19.8
(67.6)
23.5
(74.3)
28.8
(83.8)
35.1
(95.2)
37.3
(99.1)
36.6
(97.9)
33.1
(91.6)
32.1
(89.8)
32.1
(89.8)
31.3
(88.3)
27.5
(81.5)
22.6
(72.7)
30.0
(86.0)
Average low °C (°F) 7.6
(45.7)
9.8
(49.6)
14.0
(57.2)
19.0
(66.2)
23.5
(74.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77.0)
24.6
(76.3)
23.3
(73.9)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
7.9
(46.2)
17.6
(63.7)
Record low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
0.8
(33.4)
2.2
(36.0)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
14.6
(58.3)
14.9
(58.8)
16.9
(62.4)
15.6
(60.1)
9.8
(49.6)
2.2
(36.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−2.9
(26.8)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 21.6
(0.85)
28.1
(1.11)
16.5
(0.65)
7.8
(0.31)
24.1
(0.95)
80.7
(3.18)
295.7
(11.64)
282.3
(11.11)
163.7
(6.44)
14.3
(0.56)
3.9
(0.15)
12.0
(0.47)
950.7
(37.43)
Average rainy days 2.5 4.9 5.4 2.0 6.8 12.4 17.3 20.5 21.7 5.9 1.3 2.0 39.7
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 63 53 44 32 34 48 70 75 69 57 56 60 55
Source: India Meteorological Department[5][6]

People's representativeEdit

The current Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) from Najibabad is Tasleem Ahmed . The current Municipal board chairman is Mohammad Moazzam Khan.[7] Najibabad is part of Nagina parliamentary constituency and current Member of Parliament is Girish Chandra(BSP).

Forts and monumentsEdit

Najibabad has four sites protected by the Archaeological Survey of India :[8]

  • Cemetery of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula
  • Pathargarh Fort built by Najib-ud-Daula (Famous by Sultana Daku ka Qila)
  • Portion of the old Rohilla Palace (called Thanna)
  • Tomb of Nawab Najib-ud-Daula

Other historical sites include:

  • Jama Masjid
  • Mordhaj also known as Munawar Jar with lofty mound Called chaar minar
  • Nanhe Miya Ground in Pai bagh street
  • Shah Vilayat Dargah (Mubarakpur, Kalheri)
  • Kamal Shah Dargah(kalheri)

IndustriesEdit

The main Industries of the city are:

  • Singhal Refineries
  • Mansarovar Bottling Company
  • Thums up factory
  • Alamdar saw mills Pvt Ltd.
  • Chandra Kaththa Industries Ltd.
  • Mansarovar Paper Mills Ltd.
  • Badri-Kedar Paper mills ltd.
  • Indian oil, HP, Bharat Petroleum Depot.
  • JMK International Industries
  • Kohinoor Bangle Store.
  • Kohinoor Shopping Complex.
  • National Shoes Company

Najibabad also has an All India Radio centre. The town is an important trade centre for timber, sugar and grain. There are manufacturing units which deal with metal, shoes, blankets, shawls and cotton.

Handicrafts

Najibabad has many craftsmen, the most remarkable being the rafoogars or the darners[9][10]. Traditionally from the muslim community, they specialize in restoring old pashmina shawls and creating new ones from bits and pieces of old embroideries. They stitch strips and patches of old embroideries to new cloth to make new shawls, scarves, mufflers even sarees. If the old embroidered garment is not in complete tatters, they fill up holes, tears and cuts with invisible stitches, taking the thread from the garment itself so that it matches completely and back it with a fine lining to give support to the old garment. For the restoration, the drape of the garment is also taken into account and the restored garment is completely wearable with no sagging or untidy patches. The rafoogars are usually men, women may support their work by specializing in stitches that camouflage the patchwork, so there is an hierarchy and discipline is practicing this handicraft. Like many other traditional arts and handicrafts this art too is dying, as not many people appreciate old restored embroideries and craftsmen are encouraging their children to take up other professions.

Automobile Showrooms:

  • KTM Najibabad (Devendra Auto)
  • Gopal Automobile (HERO)
  • K&S Honda
  • S.S Agencies (T.V.S)
  • Agarwal Tractor & Parts (Royal Enfield)

DemographicsEdit

In 1901, Najibabad had a population of 19,568. Even today, several architectural remains of Rohilla magnificence can be found within the city

The Najibabad Nagar Palika Parishad has a population of 88,535 of which 46,372 are males while 42,163 are females as per the report released by Census India 2011.

The population of Children with age of 0-6 is 12697 which is 14.34% of the total population of Najibabad (NPP). In Najibabad Nagar Palika Parishad, Female Sex Ratio is of 909 against the state average of 912. Moreover, Child Sex Ratio in Najibabad is around 879 compared to Uttar Pradesh state average of 902. The literacy rate of Najibabad city is 67.46% lower than the state average of 67.68%. In Najibabad, Male literacy is around 71.12% while the female literacy rate is 63.45%.

EducationEdit

Najibabad has a number of schools & Colleges. The colleges in the city include:

  • Acharya R.N.Kela Inter College (UP Board)
  • Arya Samaj Kanya Vidhyalaya (UP Board)
  • Drona Academy
  • Glorious International Academy(UP Board)
  • Government Inter College "GIC" (UP Board)
  • Gurukul International School (C.B.S.E)
  • Hira international school (CBSE)
  • Imperial International School (CBSE)
  • Iqra international school(CBSE)
  • Krist Jayanti School.(C.B.S.E)
  • M.D.S Inter College (UP Board)
  • Modern Public School (CBSE)
  • Moolchand Public school (C.B.S.E )
  • Murti Devi Kanya Vidyalaya(Inter College)(UP Board)
  • Najibuddoula girls Inter College (UP Board)
  • Paras Public School(UP Board)
  • Qasmiya Inter College (UP Board)
  • R.R Morarka Public SChool(CBSE)
  • Sanjeevni School
  • Shreya Public School(CBSE)
  • Shri Guru Ram Rai Public School(CBSE)
  • Siraj Ul Uloom Public School(UP Board)
  • St. Mary's School.(CISCE)
  • Unity Public School(UP Board)
  • Walia Globle Academy (C.B.S.E)

Diploma & ITI Colleges:

  • Chandra shekhar ITI
  • Najibabad Private ITI

Degree Colleges:

  • Grater Valley group of institute
  • Najibabad Degree College
  • North India College of Higher education
  • North India Group of Law
  • Rama Jain Degree College
  • Sahu Jain Degree College
  • SSD College of Higher education

Engineering Colleges:

  • Indian Institute Of Distance Education And Learning
  • Institute of Information Technology & Science
  • North India Institute of Technology

Villages Under Vikas Khand/Tahsil NajibabadEdit

kiratpur, mahavatpur billoch[sultana ka kila], Sahanpur, Jalalabad, Sikandarpur basi, Guniyapur, Gajraula Paimar, mirampur bega, Himayoupur Iddu, Sabhachandpur Mohan urf Makhwara, Padarathpur, Issepur, Sikroda, Lalpur, Samipur, Chandanpura, Badiya, Rajpur Nawada, Raipur, Jogirampuri, kawariwala urf hakimpur qazi Kalanpur Buzurg Urf Bahupura & Mouzam pur tulsi urf(Garhi)dhanora(Adarsh nagar) (Subhash nagar), Bashirpur, Najibabad, Nangla Ubbhan (Ubbhanwala) & Sheikhpurgaru (Himalayan colony), Shahnawaz Pur (Alias Kharampur) & Alawalpur Nenu, Bhaguwala, Mandawli Shakarpuri, Jwali lala (jwali Khurd), Rasoolpur Said(Saidpuri) Dahirpur. And other Villages

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  2. ^ History of Najibabad, About Najibabad blogspot, 10 November 2012.
  3. ^ Mehra, Priya Ravish, "'Rafoogari' of Najibabad", Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings, 456, pp. 260–268
  4. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Najibabad
  5. ^ "Station: Najibabad Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 527–528. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M221. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 22 September 2020.
  7. ^ Public Representative - MLA Archived 5 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine Bijnor district Official website.
  8. ^ List of Monuments - Agra Circle, Uttar Pradesh Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Archaeological Survey of India website.
  9. ^ Bhutiani, R.; Ahamad, F. (2019), "A case study on changing pattern of agriculture and related factors at Najibabad region of Bijnor, India", Contaminants in Agriculture and Environment: Health Risks and Remediation, Agro Environ Media - Agriculture and Ennvironmental Science Academy, Haridwar, India, pp. 236–249, ISBN 978-81-942017-0-0, retrieved 13 November 2020
  10. ^ "Abstracts of the Textile Society of America 16th Biennial Symposium". Textile Society of America Symposium Proceedings. 2 October 2019. doi:10.32873/unl.dc.tsasp.0068.
  11. ^ Karnataka. "Young qawwal's power-packed performance - KARNATAKA". The Hindu. Retrieved 5 November 2019.

External linksEdit