Nadym (Russian: Нады́м) is a town in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, Russia, located on the river Nadym. The population has fluctuated: 46,611 (2010 Census);[2] 45,943 (2002 Census);[6] 52,586 (1989 Census).[7]

Nadym
Надым
In Nadym
In Nadym
Flag of Nadym
Coat of arms of Nadym
Location of Nadym
Nadym is located in Russia
Nadym
Nadym
Location of Nadym
Nadym is located in Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Nadym
Nadym
Nadym (Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug)
Coordinates: 65°32′N 72°31′E / 65.533°N 72.517°E / 65.533; 72.517Coordinates: 65°32′N 72°31′E / 65.533°N 72.517°E / 65.533; 72.517
CountryRussia
Federal subjectYamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug[1]
Established1598 (first mentioned),
1968 (re-established)
Town status sinceMarch 9, 1972
Government
 • MayorLeonid Dyachenko
Elevation
6 m (20 ft)
Population
 • Total46,611
 • Subordinated totown of okrug significance of Nadym[1]
 • Capital ofNadymsky District[1], town of okrug significance of Nadym[1]
 • Municipal districtNadymsky Municipal District[3]
 • Urban settlementNadym Urban Settlement[3]
 • Capital ofNadymsky Municipal District[3], Nadym Urban Settlement[3]
Time zoneUTC+5 (MSK+2 Edit this on Wikidata[4])
Postal code(s)[5]
629730
Dialing code(s)+7 3499
OKTMO ID71936000001
Websitewww.gorod-nadym.ru

EtymologyEdit

There are three several translations from the Nenets language:

  1. "nyadey ya" – mossy place
  2. "ngede ya" – dry, grassy hill
  3. "nyada yam" – land of the Nyadong family

HistoryEdit

The first mention of the city's name appears at the end of the 16th century.[8] The name "Nadym" appears on Russian maps from the end of the 17th century, and the river Nadym was noted in published form at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries in the "Drawing Book of Siberia" by Russian geographer, cartographer and topographer, Semyon Remezov and sons, composed in 1699–1701. On the map of Tobolsk province of 1802, Nadym was already marked as having significant population. Today it's located 32 kilometers from the mouth of the river Nadym, referred to as Nadym mound.[9]

In 1929, a reindeer farm called "Nadym" was founded on the right bank of the river Nadym. However, in 1934 the farm was disbanded and turned into a factory.

In the fall of 1967, it was chosen as the reference framework for the development of a regional gas-bearing deposit. Surrounded by numerous lakes, the village situated on an elevated dry place was chosen for a runway for aviation. Relatively small, 12 kilometers away from the river Nadym, for which it was named, by the 1950s–1960s, the village began to be called "New Nadym".

In parallel to its accelerated pace of development, the gas company created Medvezhye gas field, with the intention of becoming a social and cultural center of the Tyumen North. In August 1971, Nadym held a groundbreaking ceremony for its first major building and on March 9, 1972 by decree of the Soviet First Secretary the industrial community Nadym was incorporated within the Nadymsky Municipal District as Nadym Urban Settlement.[3][10]

EconomyEdit

The main enterprise of the town is "Nadymgazprom", it's one of the branches of the Gazprom company, which accounts for about 11% of gas produced in Russia. Also, the city contains the largest of the independent gas producers "NOVATEK" (Yurkharovskoye field).

Large construction companies are "Arktikneftegazstroy", "Severgazstroi", and "Nadymdorstroy." Until 2010, their number also included the company "Severtruboprovodstroy", but in April 2011 it was declared bankrupt.

Of Nadym-based oil and gas production, "RITEKNadymneft" (a subsidiary of JSC "RITEK") led development of the Sandibinskogo and Mid-Khulymsk oil fields.

ClimateEdit

Nadym experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). The climate is extreme, with temperatures as low as −57.7 °C (−71.9 °F) and as high as +34.7 °C (94.5 °F). On average, however, the region is very cold, with an average temperature of −5.4 °C (22.3 °F). Precipitation tends to be fairly low; 496 millimeters (19.5 in) per year, which is heavier in the summer than in the winter.

Climate data for Nadym (1959-2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
1.0
(33.8)
10.6
(51.1)
20.7
(69.3)
29.6
(85.3)
34.2
(93.6)
34.7
(94.5)
32.7
(90.9)
25.7
(78.3)
17.0
(62.6)
7.0
(44.6)
10.1
(50.2)
34.7
(94.5)
Average high °C (°F) −19.4
(−2.9)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
4.5
(40.1)
15.2
(59.4)
20.9
(69.6)
16.3
(61.3)
9.4
(48.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−11.9
(10.6)
−16.5
(2.3)
−0.9
(30.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.7
(−10.7)
−22.6
(−8.7)
−14.6
(5.7)
−8.2
(17.2)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.0
(50.0)
15.7
(60.3)
11.8
(53.2)
5.8
(42.4)
−4.0
(24.8)
−15.8
(3.6)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−5.4
(22.3)
Average low °C (°F) −28.3
(−18.9)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−13.7
(7.3)
−4.2
(24.4)
5.4
(41.7)
10.4
(50.7)
7.8
(46.0)
2.8
(37.0)
−7.0
(19.4)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−9.8
(14.4)
Record low °C (°F) −57.7
(−71.9)
−52.2
(−62.0)
−47.1
(−52.8)
−39.2
(−38.6)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
−5.0
(23.0)
−9.7
(14.5)
−34.7
(−30.5)
−47.5
(−53.5)
−50.4
(−58.7)
−57.7
(−71.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 24.3
(0.96)
19.2
(0.76)
23.0
(0.91)
27.3
(1.07)
36.6
(1.44)
57.1
(2.25)
68.6
(2.70)
70.5
(2.78)
57.0
(2.24)
51.3
(2.02)
33.8
(1.33)
27.6
(1.09)
496.3
(19.54)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 18.6 15.5 15.8 13.4 14.3 13.6 12.7 15.9 16.0 20.0 18.9 19.1 193.8
Source: climatebase.ru[11]

EducationEdit

The city has nine schools. A high school, a college (since 2014 PU 4 received the status of college) and two art schools. The higher education system is represented by four branches of higher educational institutions of Russia:

  • the branch of Tyumen State University
  • the branch of Tyumen State Oil and Gas University
  • the branch of the Moscow University of Psychology and Social
  • the branch of Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radio Electronics (TUSUR)
  • a branch of Tyumen State Architectural University (TyumGASU)

TransportationEdit

Bus routes: Airport-number 2> n. Forest Avtostantsiya- number 3> n. Right Bank Number 4 Finskiy-> 11 th md Number 5 para. Lesnoy-> 11 th md Number 6 Street. Ryzhkova-> Administration Nadym (Airport)

An inactive railway branch passes through Nadym between Novy Urengoy and Salekhard (also called "dead road", a Stalinist-era road). At some point in time a bridge across the Ob river to Salekhard Labytnangi was planned. To date, the only construction is the railway Salekhard-Nadym. Most roads across the river Nadym were opened in September 2015. A bridge across the Ob River is also planned along with a road running parallel to the railroad.

The Nadym Airport is on the west bank of the Nadym River.

CultureEdit

 
St. Nicholas Church in Nadym

The Museum of Tanya Savicheva operates in Nadym's School #2.

Interesting factsEdit

  • Nadym was the nearest town to the point of greatest viewing of the solar eclipse of August 1, 2008.
  • The 1,524 mm (5 ft) broad-gauge Salekhard–Igarka Railway, which is also called "The Dead Road", passes through Nadym.
  • According to the documents published by the WikiLeaks magazine, the Nadym gas pipeline unit is named the most critical gas facility in the world.[12]

International relationsEdit

Twin towns and sister citiesEdit

Nadym is twinned with:

IllustrationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #42-ZAO
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #111-ZAO
  4. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  7. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  8. ^ "Мангазейский морской путь". Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  9. ^ Надымский район: История Archived December 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine // nadymregion.ru
  10. ^ Надымский район > Город Надым > История города Archived December 18, 2013, at the Wayback Machine // nadymregion.ru
  11. ^ "23445: Nadym (Russia)". ogimet.com. OGIMET. August 23, 2021. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
  12. ^ Cable viewer Archived December 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine

SourcesEdit

  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №42-ЗАО от 6 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа», в ред. Закона №123-ЗАО от 6 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Законы Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа в части изменения вида населённого пункт Тазовский путём отнесения его к сельским пунктам и наделении муниципального образования посёлок Тазовский статусом сельского поселения». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №119, 13 октября 2006 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #42-ZAO of October 6, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug, as amended by the Law #123-ZAO of December 6, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Due to Changing the Status of the Inhabited Locality of Tazovsky to a Rural Locality and on Granting the Municipal Formation of the Settlement of Tazovsky the Status of a Rural Settlement. Effective as of the day upon expiration of ten days from the official publication date.).
  • Государственная Дума Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа. Закон №111-ЗАО от 20 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципальных образований Надымского района», в ред. Закона №108-ЗАО от 28 октября 2013 г. «О внесении изменения в Закон Ямало-Ненецкого автономного округа "О наделении статусом, определении административного центра и установлении границ муниципальных образований Надымского района"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования, за исключением положений, связанных с использованием географического наименования посёлка Заполярный, вступающих в силу со дня принятия соответствующего акта Правительства РФ. Опубликован: "Красный Север", спецвыпуск №6, 31 января 2005 г. (State Duma of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Law #111-ZAO of December 20, 2004 On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Nadymsky District, as amended by the Law #108-ZAO of October 28, 2013 On Amending the Law of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug "On Granting the Status, Determining the Administrative Center, and Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Nadymsky District". Effective as of the day of the official publication, with the exception of clauses dealing with the usage of the geographical name of the settlement of Zapolyarny, which take effect on the day the appropriate act by the Government of the Russian Federation is adopted.).

External linksEdit