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The District of Nablus (Turkish: Nablus Sancağı) also known as the Sanjak of Nablus is an administrative area that existed throughout Ottoman rule of Ottoman Syria and to a lesser extent during British rule.

Sanjak of Nablus
Sanjak of the Ottoman Empire
Under Damascus Eyalet (1549–1856)
Under Sidon Eyalet (1856–1864)
Under Syria Vilayet (1864–1888)
Under Beirut Vilayet (1888–1918)
1549–1918

Coat of arms of Nablus

Coat of arms
Location of Nablus
Sanjak of Nablus, 1914
Capital Nablus
History
 •  Established 1549
 •  Sykes–Picot Agreement 16 May 1916
 •  Battle of Nablus 19–25 September 1918
 •  Disestablished 1918
Today part of  Palestine
 Israel

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early Ottoman ruleEdit

 
Palestine with the Hauran and the adjacent districts, William Hughes 1843

In the 1596- daftar, the Sanjak of Nablus contained the following subdivisions and villages/town:

Nahiya Jabal SamiEdit

Nahiya Jabal QubalEdit

Nahiya QaqunEdit

Nahiya Bani Sa'bEdit

Later Ottoman ruleEdit

In the 19th century, it consisted of nearly 113 towns and villages, in addition to the city of Nablus. From the 17th to the early 20th century it maintained its autonomy of Ottoman rule, mostly due to the mountainous terrain and Nablus's strategic location between Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim. The rulers of the district composed of several Arab families, some originating from northern Syrian cities, some from Balqa and others were indigenous to Nablus. The primary noble families were the Tuqan, Jarrar, Abd al-Hadi, Jayyusi, Nimr, Rayyan, Qasim, At'ut, al-Hajj Muhammad, Ghazi and Jaradat. Sanjaq Nablus comprised five nahiyas ("subsdistricts"): Jamma'in East (21 villages), Jamma'in West (25 villages), Mashariq Nablus (20 villages), Wadi al-Sha'ir (23 villages) and Sha'rawiyya (24 villages). Jamma'in East was headed by the Qasim clan, Jamma'in West by the Rayyan, Wadi al-Sha'ir by the Sayf and al-Ahfa clans, Mashariq Nablus by the Hajj Muhammad clan and Sha'rawiyya by the Abd al-Hadi clan. The Tuqan, Nimr and Abd al-Hadi families controlled Nablus.[18]

The District of Nablus was economically active in growing olives which they used to produce olive oil, olive wood baskets and Nabulsi soap. Cotton was also a major cash crop. Most economic activity was based in Nablus, however the surrounding towns and villages supplied the crude product. The ruling families completely controlled all production soap and olive oil and the exporting of cotton, while the peasantry served as the farmers, laborers and were forced to pay taxes to the families. In return, the ruling families protected the villages and met municipal needs.[18]

During the British Mandate, the Nablus District consisted of all of the present-day Nablus Governorate, southern portions of the Qalqilya Governorate, the entire Tubas Governorate, northern portions of the Salfit Governorate and the northern Jericho Governorate.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 125
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 126
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 127
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 128
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 129
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 130
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 131
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 132
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 133
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 134
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 135
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 136
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137
  14. ^ a b c Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 138
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140
  17. ^ a b c d e Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 141
  18. ^ a b Doumani, Beshara. (1995). Rediscovering Palestine, Merchants and Peasants in Jabal Nablus, 1700-1900 University of California Press, entire book.

BibliographyEdit

  • Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. 

Coordinates: 32°13′13″N 35°16′44″E / 32.2203°N 35.2789°E / 32.2203; 35.2789