Jinsafut

Jinsafut (Arabic: جينصافوط‎) is a Palestinian village in the Qalqilya Governorate in the northeastern West Bank, located east of Qalqilya.[3] According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the village had a population of approximately 2,300 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[4]

Jinsafut
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabicجينصافوط
 • LatinJensafut (official)
Jinsafut, 2015
Jinsafut, 2015
Jinsafut is located in the Palestinian territories
Jinsafut
Jinsafut
Location of Jinsafut within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°10′43″N 35°07′46″E / 32.17861°N 35.12944°E / 32.17861; 35.12944Coordinates: 32°10′43″N 35°07′46″E / 32.17861°N 35.12944°E / 32.17861; 35.12944
Palestine grid162/176
StateState of Palestine
GovernorateQalqilya
Government
 • TypeVillage council
Area
 • Total9,335 dunams (9.3 km2 or 3.6 sq mi)
Elevation404-462 m (−1,112 ft)
Population
 (2007)
 • Total2,357
 • Density250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Name meaningJinsafut[2]

Fatah's Secretary-General Farouk Kaddoumi was born in Jinsafut.[5]

In 2012 it was decided that Jinsafut and Al-Funduq should be merged under one local council.[1]

LocationEdit

Jinsafut (including Al-Funduq) is located 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) east of Qalqiliya. It is bordered by Immatin to the east, Deir Istiya to the south, Wadi Qana (in Salfit Governorate) to the west and Hajja to the north.[1]

HistoryEdit

A construction text, over the lintel to a shrine known both as az-Zawiyah, and al Kihlwah, informs us that it was built by Mubarak Ibn Salih Alusi in the Mamluk era, in the year 791 AH, that is 1389 CE.[6][7]

Ottoman eraEdit

The place appeared in 1596 Ottoman tax registers as Jim Safut, being in the Nahiya of Bani Sa'b of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 26 households, all Muslim. They paid a fixed tax-rate of 33.3% on agricultural products, including wheat barley, summer crops, olives, goats and beehives, and a press for olives or grapes; a total of 8,654 akçe.[8]

In 1838, Robinson noted Jin Safut as a village in Beni Sa'ab district, west of Nablus.[9]

In 1870 Victor Guérin noted it from Fara'ata, but did not visit it.[10]

In 1882, the PEF's Survey of Western Palestine described the village as "a small village on high ground, with wells to the north, and a few olives."[11]

British Mandate eraEdit

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Jensafut had a population of 267 inhabitants, all Muslims,[12] increasing in the 1931 census to 315 Muslims, with 76 houses.[13]

In the 1945 census the population was 450 Muslims,[14] with 9,356 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[15] Of this, 1,410 dunams were for plantations or irrigated land, 2,208 for cereals,[16] while 14 dunams were built-up (urban) land.[17]

Jordanian eraEdit

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Jinsafut came under Jordanian rule. It was annexed by Jordan in 1950.

The Jordanian census of 1961 found 729 inhabitants in Jinsafut.[18]

1967-presentEdit

Since the Six-Day War in 1967, Jinsafut has been under Israeli occupation.

After the 1995 accords, 4.8% of Jinsafut and Al-Funduq land was classified as Area B, the remaining 95.2% is Area C.[19]

Israel has expropriated 713 dunums of land from Jinsafut in order to establish two Israeli settlements; Karne Shomron and Neve Oramin.[19]

DemographicsEdit

Some families of Jinsafut include al-Ayoub, al-Sukar, al-Saber, al-Allan, al-Nassar, al-Bashir and Eid.[20] Prior to 1967, Jinsafut had a population of 700, which decreased to 550 after the 1967 Six-Day War; The drop was caused by residents fleeing the village to Jordan. According to a PCBS estimate, the village had grown to 2,122 inhabitants in 2003, then rose to 2,280 in 2006.[3]

EconomyEdit

Before 1967, 99.5% of Jinsafut's labor force depended agriculture, particularly on peach and grape crops, as well as raising livestock. The remainder worked in civil jobs. From 1967 to 2002, 91% of the village residents depended on agriculture or working in Israel, 6% were employed in the Palestinian National Authority government and 3% worked in commerce. Since the beginning of the Second Intifada, vehicle movement in Jinsafut has been constricted by Israel, contributing to 93% of the working population being unemployed.[3]

According to the Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem, Jinsafut has a land area of 9,335 dunams; 31.8% is used for growing crops, 4.3% are for heterogeneous agricultural areas, 1.9% for herbaceous vegetation associations, 5.2% is designated as arable land, 3% is built-up area, 8% is used for land for Israeli settlements and the remainder is forest area.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Jinsafut Village Profile (including Al Funduq Locality), ARIJ, p. 4
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 183
  3. ^ a b c d The Segregation Wall hits more Palestinian lands in Qalqilyia district Archived 2011-05-19 at the Wayback Machine Land Research Center (LRC) & The Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem (ARIJ). 2004-06-15.
  4. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Qalqiliya Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Archived 2008-02-07 at the Wayback Machine Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS)
  5. ^ Biographies of Palestinian political leaders Archived 2008-10-25 at the Wayback Machine Middle East Reference.
  6. ^ Mayer, 1933, p. 157 and plate xxiv, #3
  7. ^ Sharon, 2016, pp. 201-203
  8. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 139
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 127
  10. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 180
  11. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 164
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 25
  13. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 62
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 60
  16. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 106
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 156
  18. ^ Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 25
  19. ^ a b Jinsafut Village Profile (including Al Funduq Locality), ARIJ, p. 17
  20. ^ Hundreds of olive trees burned by Israeli settlers in Jinsafut Village Archived 2008-06-08 at the Wayback Machine Land Research Center. 2007-10-01.

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit