National Railway Company of Belgium
The National Railway Company of Belgium (Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen, or NMBS;[note 1] French: Société nationale des chemins de fer belges; SNCB) is the national railway company of Belgium. The company formally styles itself using the Dutch and French abbreviations NMBS/SNCB. The corporate logo designed in 1936 by Henry van de Velde consists of the linguistically neutral letter B in a horizontal oval.
|NMBS/SNCB (the SNCB abbreviation is increasingly more used recently in English language publicity)|
|Dutch: Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen|
French: Société nationale des chemins de fer belges
|Founder||Government of Belgium|
|Headquarters||Avenue de la Porte de Hal/Hallepoortlaan 40, |
|Revenue||€ 2.296.6 billion (2012)|
|€ 6.306,5 million (2012)|
|€ -152.3 million (2012)|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||NMBS/SNCB Logistics |
NMBS/SNCB is an autonomous government company, formed in 1926 as successor to the Belgian State Railways. In 2005, the company was split up into three parts: Infrabel, which manages the railway infrastructure, network operations and network access, the public railway operator NMBS/SNCB itself to manage the freight (B-Cargo) and passenger services, and NMBS/SNCB-Holding, which owns both public companies and supervises the collaboration between them. Essentially, this was a move to facilitate future liberalisation of railway freight and passenger services in agreement with European regulations. Several freight operators have since received access permissions for the Belgian network. In February 2011, NMBS/SNCB Logistics began operating as a separate business.
Faced with rising losses, in June 2012, the Belgian transport minister announced further reform: NMBS/SNCB Holding would be split up, so NMBS/SNCB (the train operator) would be separate from Infrabel (the infrastructure owner). Unions oppose the reform.
NMBS/SNCB-Holding was merged into SNCB in 2014 in order to simplify the structure of the Belgian railways.
NMBS/SNCB holds a Royal Warrant from the Court of Belgium.
In 2008 NMBS/SNCB carried 207 million passengers a total of 8,676 million passenger-kilometres over a network of 3,536 kilometres (of which 2,950 km are electrified, mainly at 3000 V DC and 351 km at 25 kV 50 Hz AC). In 2017, that number rose to 230 million passengers carried, and Belgium has a rail network of 3,602 km of main railway lines (or 6,399 km of mainline tracks).
The network currently includes four high speed lines suitable for 300 km/h (190 mph) traffic: HSL 1 runs from just south of Brussels to the French border, where it continues to a triangular junction with LGV Nord for Paris Nord and Lille Flandres (and London beyond that), HSL 2 runs from Leuven to Ans and onward to Liège-Guillemins, HSL 3 runs from Liège to the German border near Aachen and HSL 4 connects with HSL-Zuid in the Netherlands to allow services to run from Antwerpen-Centraal to Rotterdam Centraal.
National enforcement bodyEdit
Sometimes passengers are not satisfied with the answer of railway companies or passengers do not receive any answer in one month, in which case they can seek the assistance of the Federal Public Service Mobility and Transport.
- "Railway Gazette: SNCB Logistics gains independence". Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "Reforms proposed to cut SNCB losses – Railway Gazette". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 26 June 2012.
- "History of the Belgian railways". Infrabel. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- (in French) Jobs B-Rail. Jobs.b-rail.be.
- (in French) 230 millions de voyageurs ont pris le train en 2017. SNCB Corporate.
- "National Enforcement Bodies in Europe for rail passengers" (PDF). ec.europa.eu.
- Larry Elliott (13 October 2014). "UK government to sell Eurostar stake before general election". The Guardian.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Railway Company of Belgium.|
- Bueker.net – Map of the Belgian, Dutch and Luxembourg rail networks
- SNCB website
- List of stations: Liste des gares SNCB (in French) - Lijst van NMBS-stations (in Dutch)
- Collection of Google Earth locations of SNCB stations (requires Google Earth software) from the Google Earth Community forum.
- Documents and clippings about National Railway Company of Belgium in the 20th Century Press Archives of the ZBW