Musa ibn Ulayy ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi

Abu Abd al-Rahman Musa ibn Ulayy ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi (Arabic: أبو عبد الرحمن موسى بن علي بن رباح اللخمي) (c. 707-779/80)[1] was an Islamic scholar.

Musa ibn Ulayy ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi
Abbasid Governor of Egypt
In office
772–778
Monarchal-Mansur,
al-Mahdi
Preceded byMuhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiyah ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi
Succeeded byIsa ibn Luqman al-Jumahi
Personal details
BornIfriqiya
Died779/780
Alexandria
Parent(s)
  • Ulayy ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi (father)

CareerEdit

Musa was born in North Africa[1] to Ulayy ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi, an early hadith narrator and Umayyad confidant. His father's name had originally been Ali, but was changed to Ulayy in order to escape anti-Alid sentiment in the Umayyad era.[2]

During his lifetime Musa narrated hadith on the authority of his father, as well as from Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri, Muhammad ibn Munkadir, Yazid ibn Abi Habib, Yazid ibn Abi Mansur, and Hibban ibn Abi Jabalah.[3] He was considered a highly reliable (thiqa thiqa) hadith transmitter by the traditionalist Ahmad ibn Hanbal and "reliable, God willing" (thiqa-in-sha'a llah) by Ibn Sa'd.[4]

In 772 Musa was selected by the terminally ill governor of Egypt, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Tujibi, to succeed him upon his death, and he was subsequently confirmed in that position by the Abbasid caliph al-Mansur. He remained as governor over the next six years, during which he put down a Coptic revolt near Rashid in 773, before being dismissed by the caliph al-Mahdi in 778.[5]

He died in 779/780 in Alexandria.[6]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Gordon et al. 2018, p. 1149; Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani 1968, p. 363; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 26
  2. ^ On Ulayy see Raisuddin 1993, pp. 29 ff.; Clarke 2012, pp. 36 ff.; Ibn Sa'd 1997, p. 317.
  3. ^ Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani 1968, p. 363; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 26.
  4. ^ Lucas 2004, pp. 307, 318.
  5. ^ Al-Kindi 1912, pp. 118, 119–20; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, pp. 23, 25 ff.; Morimoto 1981, p. 150. See also Kennedy 1981, pp. 33-34 n. 46, for a reconciliation of Musa's governorship with conflicting information provided by al-Tabari.
  6. ^ Gordon et al. 2018, p. 1149; Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani 1968, p. 363; Ibn Taghribirdi 1930, p. 26; Khalifah ibn Khayyat 1985, p. 437.

ReferencesEdit

  • Clarke, Nicola (2012). The Muslim Conquest of Iberia: Medieval Arabic Narratives. London and New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-67320-4.
  • Gordon, Matthew S.; Robinson, Chase F.; Rowson, Everett K.; et al., eds. (2018). The Works of Ibn Wadih al-Ya'qubi: An English Translation. Vol. 3. Leiden and Boston: Brill. ISBN 978-90-04-35621-4.
  • Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (1968). Tahdhib al-Tahdhib (in Arabic). Vol. X. Beirut: Dar Sader.
  • Ibn Sa'd, Muhammad (1997). The Men of Madina. Vol. I. Translated by Bewley, Aisha. London: Ta-Ha. ISBN 1-897940-68-8.
  • Ibn Taghribirdi, Jamal al-Din Abu al-Mahasin Yusuf (1930). Nujum al-zahira fi muluk Misr wa'l-Qahira, Volume II (in Arabic). Cairo: Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyya.
  • Kennedy, Hugh (1981). "Central Government and Provincial Élites in the Early 'Abbāsid caliphate". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 44 (1): 26–38. JSTOR 616294.
  • Khalifah ibn Khayyat (1985). al-Umari, Akram Diya' (ed.). Tarikh Khalifah ibn Khayyat, 3rd ed (in Arabic). Al-Riyadh: Dar Taybah.
  • Al-Kindi, Muhammad ibn Yusuf (1912). Guest, Rhuvon (ed.). The Governors and Judges of Egypt (in Arabic). Leyden and London: E. J. Brill.
  • Lucas, Scott C. (2004). Constructive Critics, Ḥadīth Literature, and the Articulation of Sunnī Islam. Leiden: Koninklijke Brill NV. ISBN 90-04-13319-4.
  • Morimoto, Kosei (1981). The Fiscal Administration of Egypt in the Early Islamic Period. Kyoto: Dohosha.
  • Raisuddin, A. N. M., ed. (1993). Spanish Contribution to the Study of Hadith Literature. Karachi: Royal Book Company.
Preceded by Governor of Egypt
772–778
Succeeded by