List of rulers of Islamic Egypt

Governors of Arab Egypt (640–1250) and Mamluk Egypt (1250–1517). For other periods, see the list of rulers of Egypt.

Rashidun Caliphate (640–658)Edit

# Governor (Amir) Start End Period Fate
1 Amr ibn al-As No picture available 640 646 6 years Secluded by Uthman Ibn Affan
2 Abdallah ibn Sa'ad No picture available 646 656 10 years Overthrown by Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa
3 Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa No picture available 656 657 1 year Killed
4 Qays ibn Sa'd No picture available 657 657 6 months Secluded
5 Malik al-Ashtar No picture available 657 657 1 day Died before reaching Al-Fustat
6 Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr No picture available 658 658 5 months Killed

Umayyad Caliphate (659–750)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[1]

# Governor (Wali) Start End Comments
1 Amr ibn al-As July 658 January 664 Conqueror of Egypt. Died in office
2 Abd Allah ibn Amr January 664 February 664 -
3 Utba ibn Abi Sufyan February 664 665 Brother of Mu'awiya I. Died
4 Uqba ibn Amir 665 20 May 667 Muleteer of Muhammad. Unseated
5 Maslama ibn Mukhallad al-Ansari 20 May 667 9 April 682 Leading Umayyad partisan in Egypt. Died in office
6 Muhammad ibn Maslama[1] 9 April 682 14 May 682 -
7 Sa'id ibn Yazid ibn Alqama al-Azdi 14 May 682 April 684 Unseated
8 Abd al-Rahman ibn Utba al-Fihri April 684 11 February 685 Appointed by Ibn al-Zubayr
9 Abd al-Aziz ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 11 February 685 1 July 703 Died in office
10 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 1 July 703 30 January 709 Unseated
11 Qurra ibn Sharik al-Absi 30 January 709 14 November 714 Died in office
12 Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 14 November 714 November 717 Unseated
13 Ayyub ibn Sharhabil November 717 1 April 720 -
14 Bishr ibn Safwan al-Kalbi 1 April 720 May 721 Became the governor of Ifriqiya
15 Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi May 721 724 Unseated
16 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan 724 2 May 724 Resigned after witnessing an epidemic
17 Al-Hurr ibn Yusuf 2 May 724 27 April 727 Unseated. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
18 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 27 April 727 16 May 727 Unseated. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
- Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi (Second Term) 16 May 727 30 May 727 Died in office. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
19 Al-Walid ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 30 May 727 July 735 Died in office. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
20 Abd al-Rahman ibn Khalid al-Fahmi July 735 12 January 737 Unseated
- Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi (Second Term) 12 January 737 2 July 742 Became the Wali of Africa
21 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 2 July 742 21 March 745 Resigned
22 Hassan ibn Atahiya 21 March 745 7 April 745 Ran away after opposition by the Hafsiya
- Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami (Second Term) 7 April 745 4 October 745 Installed by the Hafsiya, surrendered to his successor without a fight
23 al-Hawthala ibn Suhayl al-Bahili 4 October 745 19 March 749 Unseated
24 Al-Mughira ibn Ubaydallah al-Fazari 19 March 749 March 750 Died
25 Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn Musa ibn Nusayr March 750 9 August 750 Unseated by the Abbasids

Abbasid Caliphate (750–969)Edit

Governors during the first Abbasid period (750–868)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[2]

# Governor Start End Period Governor Title Fate
1 Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 9 August 750 2 April 751 7 months Wali Became the wali of Palestine
2 Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid 2 April 751 27 October 753 2 years 6 months Wali Ran away after an epidemic
- Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas (Second Term) 27 October 753 21 February 755 1 year 3 months Wali Unseated
- Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid (Second Term) 21 February 755 26 August 758 3 years 6 months Wali Unseated
3 Musa ibn Ka'b al-Tamimi 26 August 758 28 April 759 8 months Wali Died
4 Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath al-Khuza'i 28 April 759 18 December 760 1 year 7 months Wali Unseated
5 Humayd ibn Qahtaba 18 December 760 17 February 762 1 year 2 months Wali Unseated
6 Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 17 February 762 30 April 769 7 years 2 months Wali Unseated
7 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi 30 April 769 February 772 2 years 9 months Wali Died
8 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi February 772 18 September 772 7 months Wali Died
9 Musa ibn Ali ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi 18 September 772 14 September 778 6 years Wali Unseated
10 Isa ibn Luqman al-Jumahi 14 September 778 18 March 779 6 months Wali Unseated
11 Wadih al-Maskin 18 March 779 1 June 779 2 months Wali Unseated
12 Mansur ibn Yazid ibn Mansur 1 June 779 August 779 2 months Wali Unseated
13 Yahya ibn Sa'id al-Harashi August 779 15 September 780 1 year Wali Unseated
14 Salim ibn Sawada al-Tamimi 15 September 780 6 September 781 11 months Wali Unseated
15 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 6 September 781 1 July 784 2 years 9 months Wali Unseated
16 Musa ibn Mus'ab al-Khath'ami 1 July 784 10 July 785 1 year Wali Killed
17 Asama ibn Amr 10 July 785 11 August 785 1 month Wali Unseated
18 al-Fadl ibn Salih ibn Ali al-Abbasi 11 August 785 April 786 8 months Wali Unseated
19 Ali ibn Sulayman al-Abbasi April 786 15 September 787 1 year 5 months Wali Unseated by the new Abbasid wali
20 Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi 15 September 787 15 February 789 1 year 5 months Wali Unseated
21 Maslama ibn Yahya al-Bajali 15 February 789 28 December 789 10 months Wali Unseated
22 Muhammad ibn Zuhayr al-Azdi 28 December 789 2 June 790 5 months Wali Unseated
23 Dawud ibn Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 2 June 790 15 June 791 1 year Wali Unseated
- Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi (Second Term) 15 June 791 June 792 1 year Wali Unseated
24 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas June 792 1 January 792 5 months Wali Died
25 Abdallah ibn al-Musayyab ibn Zuhayr al-Dabbi 1 January 792 12 October 793 1 year 10 months Wali Unseated
26 Ishaq ibn Sulayman 12 October 793 1 November 794 1 year Wali Unseated
27 Harthama ibn A'yan 1 November 794 9 January 795 2 months Wali Became the wali of Ifriqiya
28 Abd al-Malik ibn Salih 9 January 795 27 March 796 1 year 2 months Wali Unseated
- Abdallah ibn al-Musayyab ibn Zuhayr al-Dabbi (Second Term) 795 795 Less than a year Deputy to Abd al-Malik ibn Salih -
29 Ubaydallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi 27 March 796 2 November 796 7 months Wali Unseated
- Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi (Third Term) 2 November 796 17 August 797 9 months Wali Unseated
- Ubaydallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi (Second Term) 17 August 797 2 November 797 2 months Wali Unseated
30 Isma'il ibn Salih ibn Ali al-Abbasi 2 November 797 4 August 798 9 months Wali Unseated
31 Isma'il ibn Isa al-Abbasi 4 August 798 10 December 798 4 months Wali Unseated
32 Al-Layth ibn al-Fadl 10 December 798 21 June 803 4 years 6 months Wali Unseated
33 Ahmad ibn Ismail ibn Ali ibn Abdallah al-Abbasi 21 June 803 15 September 805 2 years 2 months Wali Unseated
34 Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Abbasi 15 September 805 30 July 806 10 months Wali Unseated
35 Al-Husayn ibn Jamil 30 July 806 24 February 808 1 year 6 months Wali Unseated
36 Malik ibn Dalham al-Kalbi 24 February 808 25 December 808 9 months Wali Unseated
37 Al-Hasan ibn al-Takhtakh 25 December 808 11 July 810 1 year 6 months Wali Unseated
38 Hatim ibn Harthamah ibn A'yan 11 July 810 25 March 811 8 months Wali Unseated
39 Jabir ibn al-Ash'ath al-Ta'i 25 March 811 25 March 812 1 year Wali Beaten off from Egypt
40 Abbad ibn Muhammad ibn Hayyan 25 March 812 13 November 813 1 Year 7 months Wali Unseated
41 Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i 13 November 813 21 June 814 7 months Wali Unseated
42 Al-Abbas ibn Musa ibn Isa al-Abbasi 21 June 814 4 September 814 2 months Wali -
- Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i (Second Term) 4 September 814 3 April 815 7 months Wali Beaten off from Egypt
43 Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam 3 April 815 30 September 816 1 year 5 months Wali Soldiers revolted against him
44 Sulayman ibn Ghalib ibn Jibril al-Bajali 30 September 816 28 February 817 5 months Wali Soldiers revolted against him
- Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam (Second Term) 28 February 817 10 December 820 3 years 9 months Wali -
45 Abu Nasr ibn al-Sari 10 December 820 7 January 822 1 year 1 month Wali -
46 Khalid ibn Yazid ibn Mazyad 7 January 822 822 Less than a year Wali -
47 Ubaydallah ibn al-Sari 822 17 April 826 More than 3 years Wali Unseated by the new wali
48 Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani 17 April 826 December 828 2 years 7 months Wali Departed for Iraq
49 Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi 21 January 829 27 January 829 1 week Deputy to Abdallah ibn Tahir Unseated
50 Umayr ibn al-Walid 27 January 829 28 April 829 3 months Wali Appointed by Abu Ishaq, killed in an anti-taxation rebellion
- Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi (Second Term) June 829 830 Over 6 months Wali Unseated
51 al-Motasim[2] 830 28 February 830 Less than 2 months Wali -
52 Abdawayh ibn Jabalah 28 February 830 18 February 831 11 months Wali Unseated
53 Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 18 February 831 832 Less than a year Wali Unseated
54 Al-Ma'mun[2]
(Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate)
832 March 832 Less than 2 months Caliph -
55 Kaydar Nasr ibn Abdallah March 832 June 834 2 years 3 months Wali Died
56 Muzaffar ibn Kaydar June 834 9 September 834 2 months Wali Unseated
57 Musa ibn Abi al-Abbas 9 September 834 12 February 839 4 years 5 months Wali -
58 Malik ibn Kaydar 12 February 839 5 February 841 2 years Wali Unseated
59 Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani 5 February 841 6 October 843 2 years 8 months Wali Unseated
60 Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 6 October 843 December 847 4 years 2 months Wali Unseated
61 Harthamah ibn al-Nadr al-Jabali 15 February 848 3 April 849 1 year 1 month Wali Died
62 Hatim ibn Harthamah ibn al-Nadr 3 April 849 3 May 849 1 Month Wali Unseated
- Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani (Second Term) 3 May 849 27 May 850 1 year Wali Unseated
63 Ishaq ibn Yahya ibn Mu'adh 27 May 850 27 May 851 1 year Wali Unseated
64 Khut Abd al-Wahid ibn Yahya 27 May 851 24 September 852 1 year 4 months Wali Unseated
65 Anbasah ibn Ishaq al-Dabbi 24 September 852 22 November 856 4 years 2 months Wali Unseated
66 Yazid ibn Abdallah al-Hulwani 22 November 856 13 March 867 10 years 3 months Wali Unseated
67 Muzahim ibn Khaqan 13 March 867 7 April 868 1 year Wali Died
68 Ahmad ibn Muzahim ibn Khaqan 7 April 868 June 868 2 months Wali Died
69 Azjur al-Turki June 868 15 September 868 3 months Wali Unseated

Autonomous emirs of the Tulunid dynasty (868–905)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[3]

# Emir Start End Period Fate
1 Ahmad ibn Tulun 15 September 868 20 May 884 15 years 8 months Died
2 Khumarawayh 20 May 884 18 January 896[4] 11 years 8 months Murdered
3 Abu 'l-Asakir Jaysh 18 January 896 26 July 896 6 months Unseated then died in jail in November 896
4 Harun 26 July 896 30 December 904 8 years 5 months Murdered
5 Shayban 30 December 904 10 January 905 10 days Surrendered to the Abbasids

Governors during the second Abbasid period (905–935)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[5]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Period Fate
1 Isa al-Nushari August 905 September 905 1 month Unseated
2 Muhammad al-Khalangi (Usurper)[5] September 905 May 906 8 months -
- Isa al-Nushari (Second Term) May 906 9 May 910 4 years Died
3 Abu'l Abbas[5] 13 June 910 23 June 910 10 days -
4 Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari 23 June 910 27 August 915 5 years 2 months Unseated
5 Dhuka al-Rumi 27 August 915 8 August 919 3 years 11 months Died
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari (Second Term) 8 August 919 22 July 921 1 year Unseated
6 Mahmun ibn Hamal[5] 22 July 921 25 July 921 4 days -
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari (Third Term) 25 July 921 14 August 921 1 month Unseated
7 Abu'l-Hasan Hilal ibn Badr 14 August 921 17 August 923 3 years Unseated
8 Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh 17 August 923 12 February 924 6 months Unseated
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari (Fourth Term) 12 February 924 16 March 933 9 years 1 month Died
9 Muhammad ibn Takin[5] 16 March 933 30 September 933 6 months Unseated
10 Muhammad ibn Tughh[5] 933 933 - Did not take office.[5]
- Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh (Second Term) 30 September 933 934 1 year Unseated
- Muhammad ibn Takin (Second Term)[5] 934 2 September 935 1 year -

Autonomous emirs of the Ikhshidid dynasty (935–969)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[6]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Period Fate
1 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid   2 September 935 24 July 946 10 years 10 months Died
2 Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid   24 July 946 29 December 960 14 years 5 months Died
3 Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid   1 January 961 7 February 965 4 years Died
4 Abu al-Misk Kafur
(Vizier of Egypt from 946 to 8 February 965)[6]
  8 February 965 23 April 968 3 years 2 months Died
5 Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali   23 April 968 5 August 969 1 year 3 months Deposed by the Fatimid conquest

Fatimid Dynasty (969–1171)Edit

# Governor Start End Title Fate
1 Jawhar al-Siqilli 969 973 Viceroy following the Fatimid conquest of Egypt -
2 Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah 973 975 Caliph Died
3 Al-Aziz Billah 975 997 Caliph Died
4 Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah 997 1020 Caliph Disappeared
5 Ali az-Zahir 1020 1036 Caliph -
6 Al-Mustansir Billah 1036 1094 Caliph -
7 Al-Musta'li 1094 1102 Caliph -
8 Al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah 1102 1130 Caliph Killed
end of Fatimid Dynasty
9 Kutayfat 1130 1131 Vizier, de facto military dictator Killed
10 Al-Hafiz 1131 1150 Caliph (officially in 1132, de jure regent since 1130) -
11 Al-Zafir 1150 1154 Caliph Killed
12 Al-Fa'iz bi-Nasr Allah 1154 1160 Caliph Died
13 Al-Adid li-Din Allah 1160 1171 Caliph Unseated by Saladin

Ayyubid Sultanate (1171–1252)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (1989).[7]

# Governor Start End Period Title Fate
1 Saladin   10 September 1171 4 March 1193 21 years 6 months Sultan Died
2 Al-Aziz No picture available 4 March 1193 29 November 1198 5 years 8 months Sultan -
3 Al-Mansur No picture available 29 November 1198 February 1200 1 year 3 months Sultan -
4 Al-Adil I No picture available February 1200 31 August 1218 18 years 6 months Sultan Died
5 Al-Kamil   2 September 1218 8 March 1238 19 years 5 months Sultan Died
6 Al-Adil II No picture available 8 March 1238 31 May 1240 2 years 2 months Sultan -
7 As-Salih Ayyub No picture available 1 June 1240 21 November 1249 9 years 5 months Sultan Died
- Shajar al-Durr No picture available 21 November 1249 27 February 1250 3 months Regent -
8 Turanshah   27 February 1250 2 May 1250 2 months Sultan Assassinated by the Mamluks
9 Al-Ashraf Musa No picture available 1250 1254 4 years Co-sultan with Aybak Dethroned / custody

Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1517)Edit

Bahri Mamluks (1250–1382)Edit

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
1 Shajar al-Durr   2 May 1250[8] 31 July 1250[9] Sultan[nb 1] Abdicated to Aybak
2 Izz al-Din Aybak   31 July 1250[9] 10 April 1257[11] Sultan Assassinated by Shajar al-Durr
3 al-Mansur Nour al-Din Ali   15 April 1257[12] November 1259[12] Sultan Dethroned by Seif al-Din
4 al-Muzafar Seif al-Din Qutuz   November 1259[12] 24 October 1260[12] Sultan Assassinated by al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari
5 al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari   24 October 1260[12] 1 July 1277[12] Sultan Died
6 al-Said Nasir al-Din Barakah   3 July 1277[12] August 1279[12] Sultan Resigned
7 al-Adel Badr al-Din Solamish No image available August 1279[12] November 1279[12] Sultan Dethroned
8 al-Mansour Seif al-Din Qalawun   November 1279[12] 10 November 1290[12] Sultan Died
9 al-Ashraf Salah al-Din Khalil   12 November 1290[12] 12 December 1293[12] Sultan Assassinated
10 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(First Reign)
  14 December 1293[12] December 1294[12] Sultan Dethroned
11 al-Adil Zein al-Din Katubgha No image available December 1294[12] 7 December 1296[12] Sultan Escaped
12 al-Mansour Hossam al-Din Lajin   7 December 1296[12] 16 January 1299[12] Sultan Assassinated
10 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(Second Reign)
  16 January 1299[12] March 1309[12] Sultan Resigned
13 al-Muzafar Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Jashnakir No image available April 1309[12] 5 March 1310[12] Sultan Executed
10 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(Third Reign)
  5 March 1310[12] 6 June 1341[12] Sultan Died
14 al-Mansour Saif al-Din Abu Bakr No image available 8 June 1341[12] August 1341[13] Sultan Dethroned
15 al-Ashraf Ala'a al-Din Kujuk No image available August 1341[12] 21 January 1342[14] Sultan Dethroned
16 al-Nasir Shihab al-Din Ahmad No image available 21 January 1342[14] 27 June 1342[15] Sultan Dethroned
17 al-Salih Imad al-Din Abu Ismail No image available 27 June 1342[15] 3 August 1345[16] Sultan Died
18 al-Kamil Seif al-Din Shaban No image available 3 August 1345[16] 18 September 1346[16] Sultan Killed
19 al-Muzafar Zein al-Din Hagi   18 September 1346[16] 10 December 1347[16] Sultan Killed
20 al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan
(First Reign)
  December 1347[8] 24 August 1351[16] Sultan Dethroned
21 al-Salih Salah al-Din Ben Mohamed   21 August 1351[16] 20 October 1354[16] Sultan Custody
20 al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan
(Second Reign)
  20 October 1354[16] 16 March 1361[16] Sultan Disappeared /prob. killed
22 al-Mansur Salah al-Din Mohamed Ben Hagi   17 March 1361[16] 28 May 1363[16] Sultan Dethroned for insanity
23 Al-Ashraf Sha'ban   29 May 1363[16] 15 March 1377[16] Sultan Executed
24 al-Mansur Ala-ad-Din Ali Ibn al-Ashraf Shaban   15 March 1377[16] 19 May 1381[16] Sultan Died in epidemic
25 Al-Salih Hajji
(First Reign)
  19 May 1381[16] 26 November 1382[8] Sultan Resigned

Burji Mamluks (1382–1389)Edit

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
1 Al-Malik Az-Zahir Sayf ad-Din Barquq   26 November 1382[16] 1 June 1389[16] Sultan Captured and sent to Al-Karak

Bahri Mamluks (1389–1390) (Restored)Edit

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
25 Al-Salih Hajji
(Second Reign)
  1 June 1389[16] January 1390[16] Sultan Resigned

Burji Mamluks (1390–1517) (Restored)Edit

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
1 Al-Malik Az-Zahir Sayf ad-Din Barquq   21 January 1390[16] 20 June 1399[16] Sultan Died
2 Faraj bin Barquq (First Reign)   20 June 1399[16] 20 September 1405[16] Sultan Escaped
3 Abdul Aziz bin Barquq No image available 20 September 1405[16] November 1405[16] Sultan Died in custody
2 Faraj bin Barquq (Second Reign)   November 1405[16] 23 May 1412[16] Sultan Dethroned / Killed
4 Al-Adil Al-Musta'in Billah No image available 23 May 1412[16] 6 November 1412[16] Caliph Deposed
5 Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh al-Mahmudi   6 November 1412[16] 13 January 1421[16] Sultan Died
6 al-Muzafar Abu al-Saadat Ahmad No image available 13 January 1421[16] 29 August 1421[16] Sultan Dethroned
7 Al-Zahir Sayf-ad-Din Tatar No image available 29 August 1421[16] 30 November 1421[16] Sultan Died
8 as-Salih Nasir-ad-Din Muhammad No image available 30 November 1421[16] 1 April 1422[16] Sultan Dethroned
9 Sayf ad-Din Barsbay   1 April 1422[16] 7 June 1438[16] Sultan Died
10 Jamal ad-Din Abu al-Mahasin Yusuf No image available 7 June 1438[16] 9 September 1438[16] Sultan Dethroned
11 Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq   9 September 1438[16] 1 February 1453[16] Sultan Dethroned
12 Al-Mansur Fakhr-ad-Din Uthman No image available 1 February 1453[16] 15 March 1453[16] Sultan Dethroned
13 Sayf ad-Din Inal   15 March 1453[16] 26 February 1461[16] Sultan Resigned due to illness and died
14 Al-Mu'ayyad Shihab al-Din Ahmad No image available 26 February 1461[16] 28 June 1461[16] Sultan Dethroned
15 Khushqadam   28 June 1461[16] 9 October 1467[16] Sultan Died
16 Sayf ad-Din Bilbay No image available 9 October 1467[16] 4 December 1467[16] Sultan Dethroned and died in custody
17 Timurbugha No image available 4 December 1467[16] 31 January 1468[16] Sultan Dethroned
18 Sayf ad-Din Qa'itbay   31 January 1468[16] 7 August 1496[16] Sultan Abdicated to his son
19 al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad
(First Reign)
No image available 7 August 1496[16] 1497 Sultan Deposed
20 Qansuh Khumsama'ah [arz]
[citation needed]
No image available 1497
[citation needed]
1497
[citation needed]
Sultan Escaped and disappeared
[citation needed]
19 al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad
(Second Reign)
No image available 1497 31 October 1498[16] Sultan Assassinated
21 az-Zahir Qansuh al-Ashrafi No image available 31 October 1498[16] 30 June 1500[16] Sultan Abdicated
22 al-Ashraf Janbalat No image available 30 June 1500[16] 25 January 1501[16] Sultan Dethroned
23 Sayf ad-Din Tumanbay No image available 25 January 1501[16] 20 April 1501[16] Sultan Deposed and executed
24 Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri   20 April 1501[16] 24 August 1516[16] Sultan Killed in Battle of Marj Dabiq
25 Tuman bay II   17 October 1516[16] 15 April 1517[16] Sultan Executed by the Ottoman Sultan Selim I

SourcesEdit

Bosworth, Clifford E., The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University Press, New York, 1996 (Google Books)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shajar al-Durr has often been referred to as a "Sultana", but there is in fact no feminine form of Sultan and she herself used the title "Sultan" on her coinage.[10]
  1. ^ a b Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 206. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  2. ^ a b c Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 1-2. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  3. ^ Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 276. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  4. ^ Haarmann, Ulrich (1986). "K̲h̲umārawayh". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E.; Lewis, B. & Pellat, Ch. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume V: Khe–Mahi. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 49–50. ISBN 978-90-04-07819-2.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 2. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  6. ^ a b Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 137. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  7. ^ Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 8. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
  8. ^ a b c Stewart, John (1989). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 21. ISBN 0-89950-390-X.
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  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1910). The Encyclopædia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information, Volume IX. The Encyclopædia Britannica Company. pp. 101–103.