List of rulers of Islamic Egypt

Governors of Arab Egypt (640–1250) and Mamluk Egypt (1250–1517). For other periods, see the list of rulers of Egypt.

Rashidun Caliphate (640–658)Edit

# Governor (Amir) Start End Period Caliph Fate
1 Amr ibn al-As No picture available 640 646 6 years Umar and Uthman Secluded by Uthman Ibn Affan
2 Abdallah ibn Sa'ad No picture available 646 656 10 years Uthman Overthrown by Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa
3 Muhammad ibn Abi Hudhayfa No picture available 656 657 1 year Uthman and Ali Killed
4 Qays ibn Sa'd No picture available 657 657 6 months Ali Secluded
5 Malik al-Ashtar No picture available 657 657 1 day Died before reaching Al-Fustat
6 Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr No picture available 658 658 5 months Killed

Umayyad Caliphate (659–750)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[1]

# Governor (Wali) Start End Caliph Comments
1 Amr ibn al-As July 658 January 664 Muawiya I Conqueror of Egypt. Died in office
2 Abd Allah ibn Amr January 664 February 664 -
3 Utba ibn Abi Sufyan February 664 665 Brother of Mu'awiya I. Died
4 Uqba ibn Amir 665 20 May 667 Muleteer of Muhammad. Unseated
5 Maslama ibn Mukhallad al-Ansari 20 May 667 9 April 682 Muawiya I
Yazid I
Leading Umayyad partisan in Egypt. Died in office
6 Muhammad ibn Maslama[1] 9 April 682 14 May 682 Yazid I -
7 Sa'id ibn Yazid ibn Alqama al-Azdi 14 May 682 April 684 Yazid I
Muawiya II
Unseated
8 Abd al-Rahman ibn Utba al-Fihri April 684 11 February 685 Muawiya II
Abd al-Malik
Appointed by Ibn al-Zubayr
9 Abd al-Aziz ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 11 February 685 1 July 703 Abd al-Malik Died in office
10 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn al-Hakam 1 July 703 30 January 709 Abd al-Malik
Al-Walid I
Unseated
11 Qurra ibn Sharik al-Absi 30 January 709 14 November 714 Al-Walid I Died in office
12 Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 14 November 714 November 717 Al-Walid I
Sulayman
Umar II
Unseated
13 Ayyub ibn Sharhabil November 717 1 April 720 Umar II
Yazid II
-
14 Bishr ibn Safwan al-Kalbi 1 April 720 May 721 Yazid II Became the governor of Ifriqiya
15 Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi May 721 724 Yazid II
Hisham
Unseated
16 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan 724 2 May 724 Hisham Resigned after witnessing an epidemic
17 Al-Hurr ibn Yusuf 2 May 724 27 April 727 Unseated. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
18 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 27 April 727 16 May 727 Unseated. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
- Abd al-Malik ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi
(Second Term)
16 May 727 30 May 727 Died in office. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
19 Al-Walid ibn Rifa'a al-Fahmi 30 May 727 July 735 Died in office. Egypt under the de facto rule of Ubayd Allah ibn al-Habhab.
20 Abd al-Rahman ibn Khalid al-Fahmi July 735 12 January 737 Unseated
- Handhala ibn Safwan al-Kalbi
(Second Term)
12 January 737 2 July 742 Became the Wali of Africa
21 Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami 2 July 742 21 March 745 Hisham
Al-Walid II
Yazid III
Ibrahim
Marwan II
Resigned
22 Hassan ibn Atahiya 21 March 745 7 April 745 Marwan II Ran away after opposition by the Hafsiya
- Hafs ibn al-Walid ibn Yusuf al-Hadrami
(Second Term)
7 April 745 4 October 745 Installed by the Hafsiya, surrendered to his successor without a fight
23 al-Hawthala ibn Suhayl al-Bahili 4 October 745 19 March 749 Unseated
24 Al-Mughira ibn Ubaydallah al-Fazari 19 March 749 March 750 Died
25 Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan ibn Musa ibn Nusayr March 750 9 August 750 Unseated by the Abbasids

Abbasid Caliphate (750–969)Edit

Governors during the first Abbasid period (750–868)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[2]

# Governor (Wali except where noted) Start End Caliph Fate
1 Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 9 August 750 2 April 751 As-Saffah Became the wali of Palestine
2 Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid 2 April 751 27 October 753 Ran away after an epidemic
- Salih ibn Ali ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas
(Second Term)
27 October 753 21 February 755 As-Saffah
Al-Mansur
Unseated
- Abu Awn Abd al-Malik ibn Yazid
(Second Term)
21 February 755 26 August 758 Al-Mansur
Al-Mahdi
Unseated
3 Musa ibn Ka'b al-Tamimi 26 August 758 28 April 759 Al-Mahdi Died
4 Muhammad ibn al-Ash'ath al-Khuza'i 28 April 759 18 December 760 Unseated
5 Humayd ibn Qahtaba 18 December 760 14 February 762 Unseated
6 Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 14 February 762 30 April 769 Unseated
7 Abdallah ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi 30 April 769 February 772 Died
8 Muhammad ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hudayj al-Tujibi February 772 18 September 772 Died
9 Musa ibn Ali ibn Rabah al-Lakhmi 18 September 772 14 September 778 Unseated
10 Isa ibn Luqman al-Jumahi 14 September 778 18 March 779 Unseated
11 Wadih al-Maskin 18 March 779 1 June 779 Unseated
12 Mansur ibn Yazid ibn Mansur 1 June 779 August 779 Unseated
13 Yahya ibn Sa'id al-Harashi August 779 15 September 780 Unseated
14 Salim ibn Sawada al-Tamimi 15 September 780 6 September 781 Unseated
15 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas 6 September 781 1 July 784 Unseated
16 Musa ibn Mus'ab al-Khath'ami 1 July 784 10 July 785 Killed
17 Asama ibn Amr 10 July 785 11 August 785 Al-Mahdi
Al-Hadi
Unseated
18 al-Fadl ibn Salih ibn Ali al-Abbasi 11 August 785 April 786 Al-Hadi Unseated
19 Ali ibn Sulayman al-Abbasi April 786 15 September 787 Al-Hadi
Harun al-Rashid
Unseated by the new Abbasid wali
20 Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi 15 September 787 15 February 789 Harun al-Rashid Unseated
21 Maslama ibn Yahya al-Bajali 15 February 789 28 December 789 Unseated
22 Muhammad ibn Zuhayr al-Azdi 28 December 789 2 June 790 Unseated
23 Dawud ibn Yazid ibn Hatim al-Muhallabi 2 June 790 15 June 791 Unseated
- Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi
(Second Term)
15 June 791 June 792 Unseated
24 Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Abdallah ibn al-Abbas June 792 1 January 793 Died
25 Abdallah ibn al-Musayyab ibn Zuhayr al-Dabbi 1 January 793 12 October 793 Unseated
26 Ishaq ibn Sulayman 12 October 793 1 November 794 Unseated
27 Harthama ibn A'yan 1 November 794 9 January 795 Became the wali of Ifriqiya
28 Abd al-Malik ibn Salih 9 January 795 27 March 796 Unseated
- Abdallah ibn al-Musayyab ibn Zuhayr al-Dabbi
(Second Term)
(Deputy to Abd al-Malik ibn Salih)[citation needed]
795 795 -
29 Ubaydallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi 27 March 796 2 November 796 Unseated
- Musa ibn Isa ibn Musa al-Abbasi
(Third Term)
2 November 796 17 August 797 Unseated
- Ubaydallah ibn al-Mahdi al-Abbasi
(Second Term)
17 August 797 2 November 797 Unseated
30 Isma'il ibn Salih ibn Ali al-Abbasi 2 November 797 4 August 798 Unseated
31 Isma'il ibn Isa al-Abbasi 4 August 798 10 December 798 Unseated
32 Al-Layth ibn al-Fadl 10 December 798 21 June 803 Unseated
33 Ahmad ibn Ismail ibn Ali ibn Abdallah al-Abbasi 21 June 803 15 September 805 Unseated
34 Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Abbasi 15 September 805 30 July 806 Unseated
35 Al-Husayn ibn Jamil 30 July 806 24 February 808 Unseated
36 Malik ibn Dalham al-Kalbi 24 February 808 25 December 808 Unseated
37 Al-Hasan ibn al-Takhtakh 25 December 808 11 July 810 Harun al-Rashid
Al-Amin
Unseated
38 Hatim ibn Harthamah ibn A'yan 11 July 810 25 March 811 Al-Amin Unseated
39 Jabir ibn al-Ash'ath al-Ta'i 25 March 811 25 March 812 Beaten off from Egypt
40 Abbad ibn Muhammad ibn Hayyan 25 March 812 13 November 813 Al-Amin
Al-Ma'mun
Unseated
41 Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i 13 November 813 21 June 814 Al-Ma'mun Unseated
42 Al-Abbas ibn Musa ibn Isa al-Abbasi 21 June 814 4 September 814 -
- Al-Muttalib ibn Abdallah al-Khuza'i
(Second Term)
4 September 814 3 April 815 Beaten off from Egypt
43 Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam 3 April 815 30 September 816 Soldiers revolted against him
44 Sulayman ibn Ghalib ibn Jibril al-Bajali 30 September 816 28 February 817 Soldiers revolted against him
- Al-Sari ibn al-Hakam
(Second Term)
28 February 817 10 December 820 -
45 Abu Nasr ibn al-Sari 10 December 820 7 January 822 -
46 Khalid ibn Yazid ibn Mazyad 822[3] 822[3] -
47 Ubaydallah ibn al-Sari 822 17 April 826 Unseated by the new wali
48 Abdallah ibn Tahir al-Khurasani 17 April 826 December 828 Departed for Iraq
? unknown December 828 21 January 829 Acting governor
49 Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi 21 January 829 27 January 829 Unseated
50 Umayr ibn al-Walid 27 January 829 28 April 829 Appointed by Abu Ishaq, killed in an anti-taxation rebellion
? unknown 28 April 829 June 829 Acting governor
- Isa ibn Yazid al-Juludi
(Second Term)
June 829 830 Unseated
51 Abu Ishaq Muhammad ibn Hārūn
(future Abbasid caliph Al-Mu'tasim)
830 28 February 830 -
52 Abdawayh ibn Jabalah 28 February 830 18 February 831 Unseated
53 Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 18 February 831 832 Unseated
54 Al-Ma'mun
(Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate)
832 March 832 -
55 Kaydar Nasr ibn Abdallah March 832 June 834 Al-Ma'mun
Al-Mu'tasim
Died
56 Muzaffar ibn Kaydar June 834 9 September 834 Al-Mu'tasim Unseated
57 Musa ibn Abi al-Abbas 9 September 834 12 February 839 -
58 Malik ibn Kaydar 12 February 839 5 February 841 Unseated
59 Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani 5 February 841 6 October 843 Al-Mu'tasim
Al-Wathiq
Unseated
60 Isa ibn Mansur al-Rafi'i 6 October 843 December 847 Al-Wathiq
Al-Mutawakkil
Unseated
? unknown December 847 15 February 848 Al-Mutawakkil Acting governor
61 Harthamah ibn al-Nadr al-Jabali 15 February 848 3 April 849 Died
62 Hatim ibn Harthamah ibn al-Nadr 3 April 849 3 May 849 Unseated
- Ali ibn Yahya al-Armani
(Second Term)
3 May 849 27 May 850 Unseated
63 Ishaq ibn Yahya ibn Mu'adh 27 May 850 27 May 851 Unseated
64 Khut Abd al-Wahid ibn Yahya 27 May 851 24 September 852 Unseated
65 Anbasah ibn Ishaq al-Dabbi 24 September 852 22 November 856 Unseated
66 Yazid ibn Abdallah al-Hulwani 22 November 856 13 March 867 Al-Mutawakkil
Al-Muntasir
Al-Musta'in
Al-Mu'tazz
Unseated
67 Muzahim ibn Khaqan 13 March 867 7 April 868 Al-Mu'tazz Died
68 Ahmad ibn Muzahim ibn Khaqan 7 April 868 June 868 Died
69 Azjur al-Turki June 868 15 September 868 Unseated

Autonomous emirs of the Tulunid dynasty (868–905)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[4]

# Emir Start End Fate
1 Ahmad ibn Tulun 15 September 868 20 May 884
2 Khumarawayh 20 May 884 18 January 896[5] Murdered
3 Abu 'l-Asakir Jaysh 18 January 896 26 July 896 Unseated then died in jail in November 896
4 Harun 26 July 896 30 December 904 Murdered
5 Shayban 30 December 904 10 January 905 Surrendered to the Abbasids during Al-Muktafi's reign

Governors during the second Abbasid period (905–935)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[4]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Caliph Fate
1 Isa al-Nushari August 905 September 905 Al-Muktafi Unseated
2 Muhammad al-Khalangi
(Usurper)[4]
September 905 May 906 -
- Isa al-Nushari
(Second Term)
May 906 9 May 910 Al-Muktafi
Al-Muqtadir
Died
3 Abu'l Abbas[4] 13 June 910 23 June 910 Al-Muqtadir -
4 Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari 23 June 910 27 August 915 Unseated
5 Dhuka al-Rumi 27 August 915 8 August 919 Died
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari
(Second Term)
8 August 919 22 July 921 Unseated
6 Mahmun ibn Hamal[4] 22 July 921 25 July 921 -
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari
(Third Term)
25 July 921 14 August 921 Unseated
7 Abu'l-Hasan Hilal ibn Badr 14 August 921 17 August 923 Unseated
8 Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh 17 August 923 12 February 924 Unseated
- Takin al-Khassa Abu Mansur Takin ibn Abdallah al-Harbi al-Khazari
(Fourth Term)
12 February 924 16 March 933 Al-Muqtadir
Al-Qahir
Al-Muqtadir (Second Reign)
Al-Qahir (Second Reign)
Died
9 Muhammad ibn Takin[4] 16 March 933 30 September 933 Al-Qahir Unseated
10 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid[4]
(Later Emir of Egypt 935-946)
933 933 Did not take office.[4]
- Ahmad ibn Kayghalagh
(Second Term)
30 September 933 934 Al-Qahir
Al-Radi
Unseated
- Muhammad ibn Takin
(Second Term)[4]
934 2 September 935 Al-Radi -

Autonomous emirs of the Ikhshidid dynasty (935–969)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[4]

# Governor (Emir) Start End Fate
1 Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid   2 September 935 24 July 946
  • Appointed by caliph Al-Radi, became autonomous after Al-Radi's death.
  • Died in office
2 Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid   24 July 946 29 December 960 Died
3 Abu'l-Hasan Ali ibn al-Ikhshid   1 January 961 7 February 965 Died
4 Abu al-Misk Kafur
(Vizier of Egypt from 946 to 8 February 965)[4]
  8 February 965 23 April 968 Died
5 Abu'l-Fawaris Ahmad ibn Ali   23 April 968 5 August 969 Deposed by the Fatimid conquest

Fatimid Dynasty (969–1171)Edit

Dates for Caliphs taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[4]

# Governor Start End Title Fate
1 Jawhar al-Siqilli 5 August 969 June 973 Viceroy Led the Fatimid conquest of Egypt and governed the country until the arrival of Caliph al-Mu'izz from Ifriqiya. Constructed a new capital at Cairo.
2   Al-Mu'izz li-Din Allah June 973 10 December 975 Caliph Died
3   Al-Aziz Billah 10 December 975 14 October 996 Caliph Died
4   Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah 14 October 996 13 February 1021 Caliph Disappeared (assassinated?)
- Barjawan October 997 March 1000 de facto Regent Assassinated
5   Ali az-Zahir 13 February 1021 13 June 1036 Caliph -
- Sitt al-Mulk 13 February 1021 5 February 1023 Regent Died
6   Al-Mustansir Billah 13 June 1036 29 December 1094 Caliph -
- Ali ibn Ahmad al-Jarjara'i 1036 27 March 1045 Vizier and de facto Regent
- Rasad 27 March 1045 1062 de facto Regent Stripped of property after defeat by the Turks
7   Al-Musta'li 31 December 1094 8 December 1101 Caliph -
8   Al-Amir bi-Ahkami'l-Lah 8 December 1101 17 October 1130 Caliph Killed
- Al-Hafiz
(Later ruled as Caliph from 1132 to 1149)
1130 1130 Regent Overthrown by Kutayfat
- Kutayfat 1130 1131 Vizier, de facto military dictator Killed
9   Al-Hafiz 1131 October 1149 Caliph
(officially in 1132, de jure regent since 1131)
-
10 Al-Zafir October 1149 16 April 1154 Caliph Killed
11 Al-Fa'iz bi-Nasr Allah 16 April 1154 23 July 1160 Caliph Died
- Tala'i ibn Ruzzik 16 April 1154 10 September 1161 Regent Assassinated
12 Al-Adid li-Din Allah 23 July 1160 10 September 1171 Caliph Unseated by Saladin

Ayyubid Sultanate (1171–1252)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005).[4]

# Governor Start End Title Fate
1 Saladin   10 September 1171 4 March 1193 Sultan Died
2 Al-Aziz No picture available 4 March 1193 29 November 1198 Sultan Died
3 Al-Mansur No picture available 29 November 1198 February 1200 Sultan -
4 Al-Adil I No picture available February 1200 31 August 1218 Sultan Died
5 Al-Kamil   2 September 1218 8 March 1238 Sultan Died
6 Al-Adil II No picture available 8 March 1238 31 May 1240 Sultan -
7 As-Salih Ayyub No picture available 1 June 1240 21 November 1249 Sultan Died
- Shajar al-Durr   21 November 1249 27 February 1250 Regent -
8 Turanshah   27 February 1250 2 May 1250 Sultan Assassinated by the Mamluks
9 Al-Ashraf Musa No picture available 1250 1254 Co-sultan with Aybak Dethroned / custody

Mamluk Sultanate (1250–1517)Edit

Bahri Mamluks (1250–1382, 1389-1390)Edit

Dates taken from John Stewart's African States and Rulers (2005),[4] unless otherwise stated.

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
1 Shajar al-Durr   2 May 1250 31 July 1250 Sultan[nb 1] Abdicated to Aybak
2 Izz al-Din Aybak   31 July 1250 10 April 1257 Sultan Assassinated by Shajar al-Durr
3 al-Mansur Nour al-Din Ali   15 April 1257 November 1259 Sultan Dethroned by Seif al-Din
4 al-Muzafar Seif al-Din Qutuz   November 1259 24 October 1260 Sultan Assassinated by Baibars
5 al-Zahir Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Bunduqdari   24 October 1260 1 July 1277 Sultan Died
6 al-Said Nasir al-Din Barakah   3 July 1277 August 1279 Sultan Resigned
7 al-Adel Badr al-Din Solamish No image available August 1279 November 1279 Sultan Dethroned
8 al-Mansour Seif al-Din Qalawun   November 1279 10 November 1290 Sultan Died
9 al-Ashraf Salah al-Din Khalil   12 November 1290 12 December 1293 Sultan Assassinated
10 al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(First Reign)
  14 December 1293[4] December 1294[4] Sultan Dethroned
11 al-Adil Zein al-Din Katubgha No image available December 1294 7 December 1296 Sultan Escaped
12 al-Mansour Hossam al-Din Lajin   7 December 1296 16 January 1299 Sultan Assassinated
- al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(Second Reign)
  16 January 1299 March 1309 Sultan Resigned
13 al-Muzafar Rukn al-Din Baibars al-Jashnakir No image available April 1309 5 March 1310 Sultan Executed
- al-Nasir Nasir al-Din Mohamed Ben Qalawun
(Third Reign)
  5 March 1310 6 June 1341 Sultan Died
14 al-Mansour Saif al-Din Abu Bakr No image available 8 June 1341 August 1341[7] Sultan Dethroned
15 al-Ashraf Ala'a al-Din Kujuk No image available August 1341[7] 21 January 1342[8] Sultan Dethroned
16 al-Nasir Shihab al-Din Ahmad No image available 21 January 1342[8] 27 June 1342[9] Sultan Dethroned
17 al-Salih Imad al-Din Abu Ismail No image available 27 June 1342[9] 3 August 1345[10] Sultan Died
18 al-Kamil Seif al-Din Shaban No image available 3 August 1345[10] 18 September 1346[10] Sultan Killed
19 al-Muzafar Zein al-Din Hagi   18 September 1346[10] 10 December 1347[10] Sultan Killed
20 al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan
(First Reign)
  December 1347 24 August 1351[10] Sultan Dethroned
21 al-Salih Salah al-Din Ben Mohamed   21 August 1351[10] 20 October 1354[10] Sultan Custody
- al-Nasir Badr al-Din Abu al-Ma'aly al-Hassan
(Second Reign)
  20 October 1354[10] 16 March 1361[10] Sultan Disappeared /prob. killed
22 al-Mansur Salah al-Din Mohamed Ben Hagi   17 March 1361[10] 28 May 1363[10] Sultan Dethroned for insanity
23 Al-Ashraf Sha'ban   29 May 1363[10] 15 March 1377[10] Sultan Executed
24 al-Mansur Ala-ad-Din Ali Ibn al-Ashraf Shaban   15 March 1377[10] 19 May 1381[10] Sultan Died in epidemic
25 Al-Salih Hajji
(First Reign)
  19 May 1381[10] 26 November 1382 Sultan Resigned
Burji Mamluk rule (1382-1389)
- Al-Salih Hajji
(Second Reign)
  1 June 1389[10] January 1390[10] Sultan Resigned

Burji Mamluks (1382-1389, 1390–1517)Edit

# Name Picture Start End Title Fate
1 Al-Malik Az-Zahir Sayf ad-Din Barquq   26 November 1382[10] 1 June 1389[10] Sultan Captured and sent to Al-Karak
Bahri Mamluk rule (1389-1390)
- Al-Malik Az-Zahir Sayf ad-Din Barquq
(Second Reign)
  21 January 1390[10] 20 June 1399[10] Sultan Died
2 Faraj bin Barquq (First Reign)   20 June 1399[10] 20 September 1405[10] Sultan Escaped
3 Abdul Aziz bin Barquq No image available 20 September 1405[10] November 1405[10] Sultan Died in custody
- Faraj bin Barquq (Second Reign)   November 1405[10] 23 May 1412[10] Sultan Dethroned / Killed
4 Abu al-Fadl Abbas al-Musta'in Billah No image available 23 May 1412[10] 6 November 1412[10] Caliph Deposed
5 Al-Mu'ayyad Shaykh al-Mahmudi   6 November 1412[10] 13 January 1421[10] Sultan Died
6 al-Muzafar Abu al-Saadat Ahmad No image available 13 January 1421[10] 29 August 1421[10] Sultan Dethroned
7 Al-Zahir Sayf-ad-Din Tatar No image available 29 August 1421[10] 30 November 1421[10] Sultan Died
8 as-Salih Nasir-ad-Din Muhammad No image available 30 November 1421[10] 1 April 1422[10] Sultan Dethroned
9 Sayf ad-Din Barsbay   1 April 1422[10] 7 June 1438[10] Sultan Died
10 Jamal ad-Din Abu al-Mahasin Yusuf No image available 7 June 1438[10] 9 September 1438[10] Sultan Dethroned
11 Sayf ad-Din Jaqmaq   9 September 1438[10] 1 February 1453[10] Sultan Dethroned
12 Al-Mansur Fakhr-ad-Din Uthman No image available 1 February 1453[10] 15 March 1453[10] Sultan Dethroned
13 Sayf ad-Din Inal   15 March 1453[10] 26 February 1461[10] Sultan Resigned due to illness and died
14 Al-Mu'ayyad Shihab al-Din Ahmad No image available 26 February 1461[10] 28 June 1461[10] Sultan Dethroned
15 Khushqadam   28 June 1461[10] 9 October 1467[10] Sultan Died
16 Sayf ad-Din Bilbay No image available 9 October 1467[10] 4 December 1467[10] Sultan Dethroned and died in custody
17 Timurbugha No image available 4 December 1467[10] 31 January 1468[10] Sultan Dethroned
18 Sayf ad-Din Qa'itbay   31 January 1468[10] 7 August 1496[10] Sultan Abdicated to his son
19 al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad
(First Reign)
No image available 7 August 1496[10] 1497 Sultan Deposed
20 Qansuh Khumsama'ah [arz] No image available 1497 1497 Sultan Escaped and disappeared
- al-Nasir Abu al-Sa'adat Muhammad
(Second Reign)
No image available 1497 31 October 1498[10] Sultan Assassinated
21 az-Zahir Qansuh al-Ashrafi No image available 31 October 1498[10] 30 June 1500[10] Sultan Abdicated
22 al-Ashraf Janbalat No image available 30 June 1500[10] 25 January 1501[10] Sultan Dethroned
23 Sayf ad-Din Tumanbay No image available 25 January 1501[10] 20 April 1501[10] Sultan Deposed and executed
24 Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri   20 April 1501[10] 24 August 1516[10] Sultan Killed in Battle of Marj Dabiq
25 Tuman bay II   17 October 1516[10] 15 April 1517[10] Sultan Executed by the Ottoman Sultan Selim I

SourcesEdit

Bosworth, Clifford E., The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, Columbia University Press, New York, 1996 (Google Books)

  • Kennedy, Hugh N. (1998). "Egypt as a Province in the Islamic Caliphate, 641–868". In Petry, Carl F. (ed.). The Cambridge History of Egypt. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 62–85. ISBN 978-0-521-47137-4.

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Shajar al-Durr has often been referred to as a "Sultana", but there is in fact no feminine form of Sultan and she herself used the title "Sultan" on her coinage.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Stewart, John (2005). African States and Rulers. London: McFarland. p. 85. ISBN 0-7864-2562-8.
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