Ibn Sa'd

Abū ‘Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Sa‘d ibn Manī‘ al-Baṣrī al-Hāshimī[5] or simply Ibn Sa'd (Arabic: ابن سعد‎) and nicknamed "Scribe of Waqidi" (Katib al-Waqidi), was a scholar and Arabian biographer. Ibn Sa'd was born in 784 CE (168 AH)[6] and died in 845 CE (230 AH).[6] Ibn Sa'd was from Basra,[1] but lived mostly in Baghdad, hence the nisba al-Basri and al-Baghdadi respectively. He is said to have died at the age of 62 in Baghdad and was buried in the cemetery of the Syrian gate.[7]

Muhammad ibn Sa'd ibn Mani' al-Hashimi
TitleKatib al-Waqidi
Born784 CE (168 AH)
Died16 February 845 (aged 61) (230 AH)[1][2]
EraIslamic golden age
Notable work(s)'كتاب طبقات الكبرى', Kitab Tabaqat Al-Kubra (Book of the Major Classes)
Muslim leader

Kitāb aṭ-ṭabaqāt al-kabīrEdit

The Kitāb aṭ-ṭabaqāt al-kabīr in Arabic (translation: The Book of the Major Classes), is a compendium of biographical information about famous Islamic personalities. This eight-volume work contains the lives of Muhammad, his Companions and Helpers, including those who fought at the Battle of Badr as a special class, and of the following generation, the Followers, who received their traditions from the Companions. Ibn Sa'd's authorship of this work is attested in a postscript to the book added by a later writer. In this notice he is described as a "client of al-Husayn ibn ‘Abdullah of the ‘Abbasid family".[8]


  • Books 1 and 2 contain a biography (sirah) of Muhammad.
  • Books 3 and 4 contain biographies of companions of Muhammad.
  • Books 5, 6 and 7 contain biographies of later Islamic scholars.
  • Book 8 contains biographies of Islamic women.

Published editionsEdit


  • This work was edited between 1904 and 1921 by Eduard Sachau (Leiden, 1904 sqq.); cf. O. Loth, Das Classenbuch des Ibn Sad (Leipzig, 1869).
  • In 1968, Iḥsān Abbās edited it (Beirut: Dār Sādir).
  • ‘Alī Muḥammad ‘Umar, ed. (2001). Kitāb al-ṭabaqāt al-kabīr. Cairo: Maktabat al-Khānjī. Contains 11 volumes.[9]


  • Volumes 1 and 2 (of the Sachau edition) were translated in 1967 and 1972, respectively, by S. Moninul Haq, Pakistan Historical Society. Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1&2. ISBN 81-7151-127-9[10]
  • Abridged translations of Volumes 3, 6, 7 and 8 have been translated by Aisha Bewley and published under the titles of The Companions of Badr, The Men of Madina, The Scholars of Kufa and The Women of Madina.


  • A six volume translation Biographien Muhammeds, seiner Gefahrten und der spateren Trager des Islams bis zum Jahre 230 der Flucht was translated by Eduard Sachau and Julius Lippert.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Ibn Hajar, Taqrib al-Tahdhib
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 1, p.546, Edition. I, 1964
  3. ^ Muhammad in History, Thought, and Culture, ABC-CLIO, p. 277
  4. ^ The Literature of Islam, The Scarecrow Press, p. 107
  5. ^ Fück, J.W. (1960). "Ibn Saʿd". Encyclopedia of Islam (2 ed.). Brill. ISBN 9789004161214. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  6. ^ a b MM. "Imamate". Al-islam.org. Archived from the original on 2009-08-21. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  7. ^ Ibn Khallikan (1868). "Mumammad ibn Saad". Ibn Khallikan's Biographical Dictionary, Volume 3. Translated by William MacGuckin de Slane. Oriental translation fund of Great Britain and Ireland. p. 65.
  8. ^ "Muhammad Ibn Sa'ad Ibn al-Hyder Abadee Blogspot". Ibnalhyderabadee.blogspot.com. 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2010-05-19.
  9. ^ Demiri, Lejla (2013). Muslim Exegesis of the Bible in Medieval Cairo: Najm al-Dīn al-Ṭūfī’s (d. 716/1316) Commentary on the Christian Scriptures. BRILL. p. 549. ISBN 978-90-04-24320-0. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  10. ^ Naveed S, PA. "Ibn Sa'd's Kitab Al-Tabaqat Al-Kabir Vols. 1 & 2". Islamicbookstore.com. Retrieved 2010-05-19.

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ibn Ṣa'd". Encyclopædia Britannica. 14 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

External linksEdit