Mullus is a subtropical marine genus of perciform fish of the family Mullidae (goatfish) and includes the red mullets, occurring mainly in the southwest Atlantic near the South American coast and in the Eastern Atlantic including the Mediterranean and the Black Sea.[3] These fish are benthic and can be found resting and feeding over soft substrates.

Mullus barbatus - Gervais.jpg
Mullus barbatus
Red mullet
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Mullidae
Genus: Mullus
Linnaeus, 1758 [1]
Type species
Mullus barbatus
Linnaeus, 1758[2]


Members of the genus Mullus can be found in the Atlantic Ocean, including the Mediterranean Sea. They are often found over soft substrates such as sand in which they search for prey using sensitive "whiskers".

Commercial SignificanceEdit

The most commercially important of these species is the Red Mullet (Mullus barbatus) which is common in Mediterranean cuisine and often fished for using seine nets, a practice thought to be damaging as it can remove large numbers of spawning fish.


There are currently four recognized species in this genus:[4]

Mullus surmuletus


  1. ^ Linnaeus, C., 1758: Systema Naturae, Ed. X. (Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata.) Holmiae. Systema Naturae, Ed. X. v. 1: i-ii + 1-824.
  2. ^ Eschmeyer, W. N.; R. Fricke & R. van der Laan (eds.). "Mullus". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  3. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N. (eds.). Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 186. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.
  4. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2019). Species of Mullus in FishBase. December 2019 version.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mullus at Wikimedia Commons