The IFBB Professional League Ms. Olympia (initially named the Miss Olympia)[2] is professional bodybuilding's most prestigious competition and the title of the winner of the competition in female bodybuilding.[22] It was first held in 1980.[23] It was held as part of the Joe Weider's Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend from 2000 to 2014 and since 2020.[1]

Ms. Olympia[1]
Miss Olympia (initially named)[2]
The 2008 Ms. Olympia stage.
StatusActive[1]
GenreIFBB Professional League professional female bodybuilding (2005 – 2014 & 2020 – present)
International Federation of BodyBuilding and Fitness (IFBB) professional female bodybuilding (mean; 1980 – 2004)[1]
FrequencyAnnually[1]
VenueOrange County Convention Center - West Concourse
9800 International Dr, Orlando, Florida, United States of America 32819-8706[3]
Coordinates28°25′30″N 81°28′10″W / 28.4249°N 81.4694°W / 28.4249; -81.4694[3]
Years active43[4]
InauguratedAugust 30, 1980 (1980-08-30)[4]
FounderGeorge Snyder[4]
Most recent2023 Ms. Olympia[1]
Previous event2022 Ms. Olympia[1]
Next event2024 Ms. Olympia[1]
Participants15 Olympia Qualification System qualified IFBB Professional League professional female bodybuilders (mean; 2005 – 2014 & 2020 – present)
18 Olympia Qualification System qualified IFBB professional female bodybuilders (mean; 1980 – 2004)[5][6][7][8]
Attendance30,000 people (2013)[9]
Capacity6,000 people (Orange County Convention Center - West Concourse Valencia Ballroom)[10]
AreaInternational[1]
ActivitySpectator sport[1]
PromotersDan Solomon (2020 – present)[11]
Robin Chang (2004 – 2014)[12]
Wayne DeMilia (2000 – 2003)[12]
Bob Bonham and Kenny Kassel (1999)[13]
Jarka Kastnerova (1998)[14]
George Snyder (1980 – 1983)[2]
Patron(s)Bill Dobbins
Bill Jentz
Women's Physique World
Jagware Sportswear
Addict Activewear
Kaiser Nutrition
George Adant[15]
Organized byIFBB Professional League (2005 – 2014 & 2020 – present)[1]
International Federation of BodyBuilding and Fitness (1980 – 2004)[16]
PeopleJake Wood[17]
David Pecker[12]
Joseph Weider[12]
Benjamin Weider[12]
MemberJoe Weider's Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend (2000 – 2014 & 2020 – present)[1]
Women's Extravaganza Weekend (1999)[15]
SponsorsTrifecta Inc.[18]
Wings of Strength, LLC[19]
FitBurn[20]
Northern Chill[21]
Websitemrolympia.com/ms-olympia

The male professional bodybuilding equivalent of the Ms. Olympia is the Mr. Olympia. The natural professional female bodybuilding equivalent to the Ms. Olympia is the INBA/PNBA Natural Olympia.[24]

History

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1980 – 1989

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In 1980, the first Ms. Olympia (initially known as the "Miss" Olympia) was held with Rachel McLish winning and becoming the first Ms. Olympia. Rachel was dethroned by Ritva Elomaa in 1981, but regained the title in 1982.

George Snyder lost the rights to the Ms. Olympia in 1982, and after this the contestants were no longer hand-picked, but instead qualified for the Ms. Olympia through placings in lesser contests. As female bodybuilding grew and progressed, the competitors' level of training gradually increased, with most of the competitors in the earliest shows having very little weight training experience, and the sport slowly evolving towards more muscular physiques. This trend started to emerge in 1983 when with McLish not competing in the big shows, Carla Dunlap won the 1983 Ms. Olympia. Dunlap possessed a much more muscular physique than previous Ms. Olympia winners McLish or Elomaa.

In 1984, Corinna Everson won the Ms. Olympia title in Montreal Canada, the first competition to be held outside the United States. Everson would go on to win six consecutive Ms. Olympia titles in a row before retiring in 1989 undefeated as a professional, the only woman ever to accomplish this.

1990 – 1999

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Normally, competitors must qualify for the Ms. Olympia by achieving certain placings in lesser pro contests. However, the cancellation of the Women's Pro World contest in 1990 left only the Ms. International as a Ms. Olympia qualifier. Consequently, the IFBB decided to open the 1990 Ms. Olympia to all women with pro cards, and a field of thirty competitors entered. This was also the first Ms. Olympia without the incumbent Ms. Olympia champion defending her title.

Lenda Murray earned a decisive victory by winning the first Ms. Olympia competition she attended in 1990 and emerging as the successor to Corinna Everson. The 1991 Ms. Olympia was the first to be televised live. Lenda Murray barely edged out Bev Francis, a former Australian powerlifter, by a single point that year. Lenda Murray faced a serious challenge from Denise Rutkowski in 1993, and some argue that Rutkowski, not Murray, should have won that year. Rutkowski shocked the Ms. Olympia contest entourage and fans by retiring in 1994, just as her career was gaining mainstream popularity and her potential for winning a Ms. Olympia title was high.

In the 1996 Ms. Olympia, six-time consecutive Ms. Olympia champion Lenda Murray was dethroned by Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls (then known as Kim Chizevsky). Chizevsky-Nicholls had previously placed 2nd in the 1995 Ms. Olympia, but her victory came as something of a surprise, since many had regarded Murray as virtually unbeatable. After being defeated by Chizevsky-Nicholls and placing second again in the 1997 Ms. Olympia, Murray retired from bodybuilding. Chizevsky-Nicholls went on to win the 1998 Ms. Olympia, held in Prague, Czech Republic, the second and most recent time the competition had been held outside the United States.

1992 Ms. Olympia changes

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In response to the increased size displayed by Murray and Francis at the previous Ms. Olympia, the IFBB made an attempt to "feminize" the sport. The IFBB, led by Ben Weider, had created a series of "femininity" rules—one line in the judging rules said that competitors should not be "too big". The judges' guide to the competitors stated that they were looking for a feminine, but not emaciated, physique. Advertising in Muscle & Fitness for the 1992 Ms. Olympia featured Anja Schreiner of Germany prominently, relegating two-time defending champion Murray to a small "also competing" notice. Nevertheless, Murray apparently met the "femininity" requirements, and managed to retain her title; Schreiner finished 6th, and promptly retired from competition. After 1992, the judging rules were rewritten, with the new rules retaining provisions for aesthetics but allowing the contests to be judged as physique contests. Murray went on to win six consecutive Ms. Olympia titles from 1990 to 1995, matching Corinna Everson's record. Produced by: American Sports Network and Nationally Televised on ESPN. Directed by: Keith Hobelman

1999 Ms. Olympia controversy and retirement

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In 1999, Ms. Olympia was originally scheduled to be held on October 9 in Santa Monica, California. However, one month before the scheduled date, the IFBB announced that the contest had been canceled. The main cause was the withdrawal of promoter Jarka Kastnerova (who promoted the 1998 contest in Prague) for financial reasons, including a low number of advance ticket sales for the 1999 event. The backlash following the announcement led to a flurry of activity, with the contest being rescheduled as part of the Women's Extravaganza (promoted by Kenny Kassel and Bob Bonham) in Secaucus, New Jersey on 2 October. Last minute sponsorship came from several sources, most significantly in the form of $50,000 from Flex magazine. Amid all the turmoil, Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls won her fourth consecutive Ms. Olympia title. Also notable about the 1999 Ms. Olympia was that this was the first Ms. Olympia Iris Kyle competed in. However, after the 1999 Ms. Olympia, Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls retired from bodybuilding and began competing in fitness and figure competitions in 2001.

2000 – 2005

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The 2001 Ms. Olympia featured a "surprise" win from Juliette Bergmann who returned to competition after not competing since 1989. Entering the Olympia as a lightweight, she defeated heavyweight winner Iris Kyle for the overall title. In the five years that the Ms. Olympia was contested in multiple weight classes, this was the only time that the lightweight winner took the overall title.

After five-year absence, six-time Olympia winner Lenda Murray returned to the 2002 Ms. Olympia, with Bergmann won lightweight and Murray winning heavyweight and overall. Murray went on to win both the heavyweight and overall in the 2002 and 2003 Ms. Olympia. Murray was for the second time in her career was dethroned of her Ms. Olympia title by Iris Kyle in 2004, who won the heavyweight and overall. After her 2004 Ms. Olympia defeat, Murray, retired from bodybuilding.

2000 Ms. Olympia changes

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The IFBB introduced several changes to Ms. Olympia in 2000. The first change was that Ms. Olympia contest would no longer be held as a separate contest, instead became part of the "Olympia Weekend" in Las Vegas and held the day before the men’s show. The second change was when heavyweight and lightweight classes were added. The third change was the new judging guidelines for presentations were introduced. A letter to the competitors from Jim Manion (chairman of the Professional Judges Committee) stated that women would be judged on healthy appearance, face, makeup, and skin tone. The criteria given in Manion's letter included the statement "symmetry, presentation, separations, and muscularity BUT NOT TO THE EXTREME!" The 2000 Ms. Olympia is the only Ms. Olympia with no overall winner, with Andrulla Blanchette winning lightweight class and Valentina Chepiga winning heavyweight class.

2005 Ms. Olympia changes

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On 6 December 2004, IFBB Professional Division Vice Chairman Jim Manion issued a memo introducing the so-called '20 percent rule' to all IFBB professional female athletes. It read, “For aesthetics and health reasons, the IFBB Professional Division requests that female athletes in Bodybuilding, Fitness and Figure decrease the amount of muscularity by a factor of 20%. This request for a 20% decrease in the amount of muscularity applies to those female athletes whose physiques require the decrease regardless of whether they compete in Bodybuilding, Fitness or Figure. All professional judges have been advised of the proper criteria for assessing female physiques.” Needless to say the directive created quite a stir, and left many women wondering if they were one of “those female athletes whose physiques require the decrease”.[25] On 26 April 2005, IFBB Professional Committee adopted, by a vote of 9 for, 1 against and 3 no votes, Resolution 2005-001, which removed weight classes to allow for one category only of competition in women’s professional bodybuilding and that it would take effect at the 2005 Ms. Olympia.[26]

According to Bill Dobbins, reports he heard that the moving the Ms. Olympia from Friday night to Saturday in the Las Vegas Convention Center for free and as part of the Expo was an attempt to improve pay-per-view sales and removing weight divisions was based on the perception that the men and women bodybuilders should operate according to the same rules. He also stated that both decisions were led by A360 Media, LLC and Benjamin and Joseph Weider.[27]

At the 2005 Ms. Olympia, Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia dethroned Iris Kyle. According to Iris, she normally competes at 160–162 lb (73–73 kg), but being the reigning Ms. Olympia she wanted to lead by example. At the 2005 Ms. Olympia, she stated she competed at 155 lb (70 kg), while Yaxeni competed at 173 lb (78 kg) according to Steve Wennerstrom. Iris commented that it looked like Yaxeni had did the opposite of IFBB ADVISORY NOTICE 2004-006 and won because of it.[27][28]

According to Bill Dobbins, he commented that Iris might have been slightly off from 2004 and looked a little too depleted or dehydrated compared to how she looked in previous Ms. Olympias, while Yaxeni looked the best he had ever seen of her, but that the differences was very small. He also commented in the report that prior to the 2005 Ms. Olympia there was speculation about how the judging would be conducted, which centered on the idea that the IFBB didn't Iris Kyle not win another Ms. Olympia title. He also stated that the decision wasn't primarily political and the Olympia audience wasn’t outraged by the decision.[27]

2006 – 2014

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At the 2006 Ms. Olympia, Iris Kyle, coming off beating the defending Ms. International champion Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia, reclaimed the Ms. Olympia title from defending Ms. Olympia champion Yaxeni, who showed a dramatic drop in form and slipped to 7th place. Yaxeni, who continue to compete at the Ms. Olympia competitions from 2007 to 2014 and 2020, would never again regain the Ms. Olympia title, but would remain in the top six of every Ms. Olympia from 2007 to 2014.[1][29]

 
Dayana Cadeau posing against Iris Kyle at the 2007 Olympia Press Conference on 27 September 2007.
 
Iris Kyle doing an abdominals and thighs pose on September 26, 2008 during the 2008 Ms. Olympia finals.

From 2007 to 2014, Iris went on to win the next 8 overall Ms. Olympia titles and winning 9 consecutive overall Ms. Olympia titles in a row. At the 2012 Ms. Olympia, she won her 8th overall Ms. Olympia title, tying with Lenda Murray's record of 8 overall and 2 heavyweight Ms. Olympia titles. At the 2013 Ms. Olympia, Iris won her 9th overall Ms. Olympia title, beating Lenda Murray's record, which meant she won more Olympia titles than any other professional bodybuilder, female or male. According to John Plummer, editor of the Flex United Kingdom edition, commented that she looked "flat" in the pre-judging, while Alina Popa displayed "great, full muscle bellies". But he noted the audience gasped when Iris did her first back double biceps pose during the finals, revealing "trademark ripped glutes and unbeatable shape". At that point, he thought her victory was ensured. He noted the some of the audience booed when Alina was announced 2nd place.[1][30]

At the 2014 Ms. Olympia, Iris solidified her record by winning her 10th overall Ms. Olympia title. This was her 9th consecutive overall Ms. Olympia titles in a row, beating both Lee Haney's and Ronnie Coleman's record of 8 consecutive overall Olympia titles in a row, which meant she won more consecutive overall Olympia titles in a row than any other professional bodybuilder, female or male. According to John, he commented that Alina receiving 2nd place resulted in boos from the audience and that many felt she, who described was "well-conditioned" and had appeared to "out-muscle" Iris, especially from the rear poses, should have got the Ms. Olympia title. But after a moment of boos, the audience showed affection for Iris. She announced her retirement right after winning the title at the 2014 Ms. Olympia. In 2014, International Federation of BodyBuilding and Fitness announced that Ms. Olympia had been cancelled for 2015, with no explicit reason stated.[1][31][32][33]

2019

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After 5 years of being discontinued, on 14 September 2019, emcee Bob Chicherillo announced at the Joe Weider's Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend 2019 that the Ms. Olympia would return to the Joe Weider's Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend 2020.[34]

2020 – present

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On 14 February 2020, A360 Media, LLC sold Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend to Jake Wood.[17] Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend was postponed to December 2020 and moved to the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Florida due to the limits the attendees in Nevada. In Nevada, due to covid restrictions, just 250 people could be in attendance, while in Florida, 2,500 people could be in attendance.[35][36] Later in 2020, Andrea Shaw, a dark horse competitor coming off her previous 2020 wins at the Omaha Pro and Rising Phoenix World Championships, defeated Helle Trevino and Margaret Martin, both of whom were former Ms Rising Phoenix title holders and obtained the Ms. Olympia title. She would repeat her double wins at the Rising Phoenix World Championships and Ms. Olympia in 2021, 2022 and 2023. In 2021, the Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend remained in Orlando. In 2022, the Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend moved back to Las Vegas. In 2023, the Joe Weider’s Olympia Fitness & Performance Weekend moved back to Orlando.[1][3]

Champions

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Chronologically

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Year Champions Posedown music Prize money Venue
1980   Rachel McLish $10,000[37] Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
1981   Ritva Elomaa $25,000[38]
1982   Rachel McLish Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States
1983   Carla Dunlap-Kaan Warminster, Pennsylvania, United States
1984   Corinna Everson Caribbean Queen (No More Love on the Run) by Billy Ocean and Keith Diamond Montreal, Quebec, Canada
1985 Take On Me by A-ha New York City, New York, United States
1986 Tuff Enuff by The Fabulous Thunderbirds $50,000
1987 The Final Countdown by Europe
1988 Wild Side by Mötley Crüe
1989 Rhythm Nation by Janet Jackson $71,000
1990   Lenda Murray
1991 $93,500 Los Angeles, California, United States
1992 The Best Things in Life Are Free (Mo' Money/Soundtrack Version) by Janet Jackson, Luther Vandross, Ralph Tresvant and Bell Biv DeVoe $108,500 Chicago, Illinois, United States
1993 Dirty House Mix 1# by DVDL $95,000 New York City, New York, United States
1994 Unbelievable by EMF $90,000 Atlanta, Georgia, United States
1995 Twilight Zone by 2 Unlimited $115,000[37]
1996   Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls Unbelievable by EMF $104,500 Chicago, Illinois, United States
1997 All I Really Want by Alanis Morissette and Glen Ballard $101,000[39] New York City, New York, United States
1998 Too Funky by George Michael $50,000[38][40] Prague, Czech Republic
1999 War by Vince DiCola Secaucus, New Jersey, United States
2000   Valentina Chepiga (heavyweight)   Andrulla Blanchette (lightweight) Music by Madonna (lightweight posedown)
Hokey Pokey by The Puppies (heavyweight posedown)
Mandalay Bay Arena, Paradise, Nevada, United States
2001   Juliette Bergmann (lightweight & overall)   Iris Kyle (heavyweight) Tom Sawyer by Rush (top six posedown)
It's My Life by Bon Jovi (overall posedown)
$50,000
2002   Lenda Murray (heavyweight & overall)   Juliette Bergmann (lightweight) Keep Away by Godsmack (top six posedown)
2003 Hot in Herre by Nelly (top six posedown)
Feel It Boy by Beenie Man and Janet Jackson (overall posedown)
$50,000
2004   Iris Kyle (heavyweight & overall)   Dayana Cadeau (lightweight) Don't Stop The Rock by The Chemical Brothers (lightweight posedown)
Move Somethin' by LL Cool J / Word Up! by Korn / Frantic by Metallica (heavyweight posedown)
Rollover DJ by Jet (overall posedown)
2005   Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia Stupify by Disturbed $71,000[41] Las Vegas Convention Center, Winchester, Nevada, United States
The Orleans, Paradise, Nevada, United States
2006   Iris Kyle Panama by Van Halen
2007 Hush by Kula Shaker
2008 Can't Get Through by Miguel Migs
2009 Fire Burning by Sean Kingston $61,000[42]
2010 Bring Em Out by T.I. $60,000[43][44][45]
2011 S&M by Rihanna and Britney Spears
2012 Gasolina by Daddy Yankee, Lil Jon, Pitbull and N.O.R.E.
2013 C'mon by Tiësto and Diplo
2014 Stronger by Kanye West $50,000[46]
2020   Andrea Shaw Everybody (Backstreet's Back) by Backstreet Boys $95,000[47] Orange County Convention Center West (Chapin Theater and Valencia Ballroom), Orlando, Florida, United States
2021 Tootsie Roll by Old School Players $89,000[48] Orange County Convention Center West (Hall D2 and Hall E), Orlando, Florida, United States
2022 Unstoppable by E.S. Posthumus
U Can't Touch This by MC Hammer
Flex by The Party Boyz
$95,000[49][50] The Venetian Expo & Convention Center (Halls B & C) and the Planet Hollywood Resort & Casino (Zappos Theater), Paradise, Nevada, United States of America
2023 Burn by 2WEI & Edda Hayes
Walk It Out by Unk
Orange County Convention Center West, Orlando, Florida, United States
2024 TBD

Number of wins

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Ranking Champions Years Number of wins
Overall Heavy­weight Light­weight
1st   Iris Kyle 2001, 2004 & 2006 – 2014 10 2 0
2nd   Lenda Murray 1990 – 1995 & 2002 – 2003 8
3rd   Corinna Everson 1984 – 1989 6 0
4th   Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls 1996 – 1999 4
  Andrea Shaw 2020 – 2023
6th   Rachel McLish 1980 & 1982 2
7th   Juliette Bergmann 2001 – 2003 1 3
8th   Ritva Elomaa 1981 0
  Carla Dunlap-Kaan 1983
  Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia 2005
11th   Valentina Chepiga 2000 0 1
  Andrulla Blanchette 2000 0 1
  Dayana Cadeau 2004

Number of consecutive wins

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Ranking Champions Years Number of consecutive wins
Overall Heavyweight Lightweight
1st   Iris Kyle 2006 – 2014 9 0 0
2nd   Corinna Everson 1984 – 1989 6
  Lenda Murray 1990 – 1995
4rd   Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls 1996 – 1999 4
  Andrea Shaw 2020 – 2023
6th   Lenda Murray 2002 – 2003 2 2
7th   Juliette Bergmann 2001 – 2003 0 3

Top 3

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Year Champions Runner−Up 3rd Place
1980   Rachel McLish   Auby Paulick   Lynn Conkwright
1981   Ritva Elomaa   Rachel McLish
1982   Rachel McLish   Carla Dunlap-Kaan   Ritva Elomaa
1983   Carla Dunlap-Kaan   Candy Csencsits   Inger Zetterqvist
1984   Corinna Everson   Rachel McLish   Mary Roberts
1985   Mary Roberts   Diana Dennis
1986   Clare Furr   Ellen van Maris
1987   Ellen van Maris   Beverley Francis
1988   Anja Langer
1989   Sandy Riddell
1990   Lenda Murray   Beverley Francis   Anja Langer
1991   Laura Creavalle
1992   Laura Creavalle   Shelley Beattie
1993   Denise Rutkowski   Laura Creavalle
1994   Laura Creavalle   Debbie Muggli
1995   Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls   Natalia Murnikoviene
1996   Kim Chizevsky-Nicholls   Lenda Murray
1997   Yolanda Hughes-Heying
1998   Yolanda Hughes-Heying   Ondrea Gates
1999   Ondrea Gates   Laura Creavalle
2000   Valentina Chepiga (heavyweight)

  Andrulla Blanchette (lightweight)

  Ondrea Gates (heavyweight)

  Brenda Raganot (lightweight)

  Lesa Lewis (heavyweight)

  Renee Casella (lightweight)

2001   Juliette Bergmann   Iris Kyle   Ondrea Gates (heavyweight)

  Andrulla Blanchette (lightweight)

2002   Lenda Murray   Juliette Bergmann   Iris Kyle (heavyweight)

  Valentina Chepiga (lightweight)

2003   Iris Kyle (heavyweight)

  Dayana Cadeau (lightweight)

2004   Iris Kyle   Dayana Cadeau   Lenda Murray (heavyweight)

  Denise Masino (lightweight)

2005   Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia   Iris Kyle   Dayana Cadeau
2006   Iris Kyle   Dayana Cadeau   Annie Rivieccio
2007   Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia
2008   Betty Viana-Adkins
2009   Heather Armbrust   Debi Laszewski
2010   Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia
2011   Brigita Brezovac
2012   Debi Laszewski   Yaxeni Oriquen-Garcia
2013     Alina Popa   Debi Laszewski
2014   Alina Popa
2020   Andrea Shaw   Margaret Martin   Helle Trevino
2021   Helle Trevino   Margaret Martin
2022   Angela Yeo   Helle Trevino
2023   Alcione Barreto

Medals by nation

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RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1  United States (USA)39302291
2  Netherlands (NED)4116
3  Venezuela (VEN)13711
4  Canada (CAN)1326
5  Great Britain (GBR)1102
  Ukraine (UKR)1102
7  Finland (FIN)1023
8  Australia (AUS)0235
9  Guyana (GUY)0224
10  Germany (DEU)0112
11  Romania (ROU)0101
  Switzerland (CHE)0101
13  Lithuania (LTU)0022
14  Brazil (BRA)0011
  Slovenia (SVN)0011
  Sweden (SWE)0011
Totals (16 entries)484645139

Other records

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  • Heaviest Ms. Olympia - Andrea Shaw (175 lb (79 kg))
  • Lightest Ms. Olympia - Ritva Elomaa (117 lb (53 kg))
  • Ms. Olympia with largest biceps - Andrea Shaw (18 in (46 cm))
  • Oldest Ms. Olympia - Juliette Bergmann (44 years old)
  • Smallest Ms. Olympia - Carla Dunlap-Kaan / Andrulla Blanchette / Juliette Bergmann (5 ft 3 in (1.60 m))
  • Tallest Ms. Olympia - Corinna Everson (5 ft 9 in (1.75 m))
  • Youngest Ms. Olympia - Rachel McLish (25 years old)

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "MS. OLYMPIA". mrolympia.com. Retrieved February 25, 2023.
  2. ^ a b c George Snyder History
  3. ^ a b c 2023 Mr. Olympia confirms return to Orlando, Florida in November
  4. ^ a b c Ms. Olympia Turns 30 Page 1
  5. ^ 2021 Ms. Olympia scorecard
  6. ^ 2022 Ms. Olympia scorecard
  7. ^ 2020 Ms. Olympia scorecard
  8. ^ Ms. Olympia results
  9. ^ Mr. Olympia is back
  10. ^ Orange County Convention Center Facts
  11. ^ Dan Solomon
  12. ^ a b c d e THE UNTOLD STORY - THE 2004 OLYMPIA 13 YEARS AFTER | MR. OLYMPIA 2017
  13. ^ Kenny Kassel Tribute
  14. ^ 1998 MS OLYMPIA – 25TH ANNIVERSARY EDITION (DOWNLOAD)
  15. ^ a b 1999 Olympia Weekend Report
  16. ^ The IFBB Split – What Happened and What it Means For Competitors
  17. ^ a b OLYMPIA Sold to Jake Wood, The Barbell, February 14, 2020, Greg Merritt
  18. ^ TRIFECTA SCORES 5-YEAR TITLE SPONSORSHIP OF JOE WEIDER’S OLYMPIA FITNESS & PERFORMANCE WEEKEND
  19. ^ OLYMPIA WEEKEND AND WINGS OF STRENGTH AGREE TO MAJOR SPONSORSHIP DEAL
  20. ^ FITBURN NAMED A PRESENTING SPONSOR OF OLYMPIA WEEKEND
  21. ^ NORTHERN CHILL PRESENTING SPONSORSHIP ANNOUNCED
  22. ^ Robson, David (April 26, 2019). "2011 Ms. Olympia Title Within Yaxeni's Grasp". Bodybuilding.com. Retrieved November 17, 2022. Here was a champion who had all of the attributes necessary to maintain a firm stronghold on pro bodybuilding's most prestigious women's title.
  23. ^ Thorne, Gerard; Embleton, Phil (1997). Robert Kennedy's Musclemag International encyclopedia of bodybuilding : the ultimate A-Z book on muscle building!. Musclemag International. pp. 22−23. ISBN 9781552100011.
  24. ^ "The best natural bodybuilding federations for natural bodybuilders". natural-flex.com/. October 29, 2020. Retrieved February 25, 2023. The Natural Bodybuilding Olympia competition is a contest which offers a fair opportunity to the best natural bodybuilders as the natural equivalent to the original 'Mr Olympia' title (founded by Joe Weider at his Olympia Fitness and Performance Weekend competition).
  25. ^ "IFBB Advisory Notice". 7 December 2004. Archived from the original on 7 December 2004. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  26. ^ "IFBB Advisory Notice 2005-003". 24 May 2005. Archived from the original on 24 May 2005. Retrieved 26 August 2018.
  27. ^ a b c Ms. Olympia Report By Bill Dobbins
  28. ^ "An Exclusive Interview With the Ms. Olympia Champion Iris Kyle". RX Muscle. February 5, 2012. Retrieved March 14, 2014.
  29. ^ 2006 Ms. Olympia Review - The Top Five.
  30. ^ "THE OZONE: IRIS KYLE MAKES HISTORY". Flex. Archived from the original on 2013-10-02. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  31. ^ Anders, Eskilsson (November 24, 2014). "Last Days of Ms. Olympia". ironmagazine.com. Retrieved February 26, 2023. During the last few months a debate has blown up after IFBB announced that MS. Olympia has been cancelled for 2015.
  32. ^ "MR. OLYMPIA". mrolympia.com/. Retrieved February 26, 2023.
  33. ^ O-ZONE: LEGENDS BOW OUT AT OLYMPIA
  34. ^ 2020 Ms. Olympia return announcement
  35. ^ 2020 Olympia Weekend to be rescheduled
  36. ^ 2020 Mr. Olympia Moves To Orlando, Florida Due To Public Gathering Restrictions
  37. ^ a b Ms. Olympia by the numbers
  38. ^ a b Women’s Bodybuilding: Freaks or Not?
  39. ^ 1997 Ms. Olympia
  40. ^ 1999 Ms. Olympia
  41. ^ 2006 Olympia Prize Money increased again to a new record! Updated: August 16, 2006
  42. ^ Iris Kyle Takes the Ms Olympia!
  43. ^ KYLE'S IN 7TH HEAVEN AT MS. O
  44. ^ "OLYMPIA PRIZE MONEY HITS ALL-TIME HIGH". ifbbpro.com. July 16, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  45. ^ "Olympia Pay Day – Prize Money Increased". hardbodynews.com. July 10, 2013. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  46. ^ IRIS KYLE; THE PERFECT 10TH AT THE OLYMPIA
  47. ^ 2020 Mr. Olympia: Complete Results And Prize Money For All Divisions
  48. ^ Blechman, Phil (Oct 11, 2021) [Oct 11, 2021]. "Here's How Much Money Was Won At The 2021 Olympia". BarBend. Instagram, YouTube. Archived from the original on Oct 11, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2022.
  49. ^ Prize Money Difference Between Ms. and Mr. Olympia Will Blow Your Mind
  50. ^ 2023 Ms. Olympia Results
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