Mount Richards

Mount Richards is a 2,377-metre (7,799-foot) summit located in Waterton Lakes National Park, in the Canadian Rockies of Alberta, Canada. It is situated just north of the Canada–United States border, with the south footing of the mountain at Boundary Creek just within Glacier National Park of the United States. Its nearest higher peak is Mount Alderson, 2.0 km (1.2 mi) to the northwest.[1] Bertha Lake and Bertha Peak are situated immediately to the north.

Mount Richards
Canada 39 bg 061904.jpg
The northern end of Mount Richards seen with Prince of Wales Hotel
Highest point
Elevation2,377 m (7,799 ft) [1]
Prominence137 m (449 ft) [1]
Parent peakMount Alderson (2692 m)
Coordinates49°00′37″N 113°56′30″W / 49.01028°N 113.94167°W / 49.01028; -113.94167Coordinates: 49°00′37″N 113°56′30″W / 49.01028°N 113.94167°W / 49.01028; -113.94167[2]
Mount Richards is located in Alberta
Mount Richards
Mount Richards
Location of Mount Richards in Alberta
Mount Richards is located in Canada
Mount Richards
Mount Richards
Mount Richards (Canada)
LocationAlberta, Canada
Parent rangeClark Range[3]
Canadian Rockies
Topo mapNTS 82H04[2]
Age of rockCambrian
Easiest routeScrambling[4]
Mount Richards to right


Mount Richards was named in honor of Admiral Sir George Henry Richards (1820–1896), Hydrographer of the Navy who was the Second Commissioner of the British Boundary Commission which delineated the border from the Pacific to the Rockies.[5] It has also been called Sleeping Indian Mountain.[6] The mountain's name became official in 1943 by the Geographical Names Board of Canada.[2]


Like other mountains in Waterton Lakes National Park, Mount Richards is composed of sedimentary rock laid down during the Precambrian to Jurassic periods. Formed in shallow seas, this sedimentary rock was pushed east and over the top of younger Cretaceous period rock during the Laramide orogeny.[7]


Based on the Köppen climate classification, Mount Richards is located in a subarctic climate with cold, snowy winters, and mild summers.[8] Temperatures can drop below −20 °C with wind chill factors below −30 °C. Precipitation runoff from Mount Richards drains into Waterton Lake, thence Waterton River.


  1. ^ a b c "Mount Richards". Retrieved 2018-11-18.
  2. ^ a b c "Mount Richards". Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. Retrieved 2018-11-19.
  3. ^ Clark RangePeakbagger
  4. ^ Richards, Mount (Sleeping Indian)Explor8ion
  5. ^ RichardsPlace-names of Alberta
  6. ^ Mount RichardsSummitPost
  7. ^ Gadd, Ben (2008). "Geology of the Rocky Mountains and Columbias". Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ Peel, M. C.; Finlayson, B. L. & McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the Köppen−Geiger climate classification". Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633–1644. ISSN 1027-5606.

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