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Mont-Saint-Aignan

Mont-Saint-Aignan (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃ sɛ̃t‿ɛɲɑ̃]) is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.

Mont-Saint-Aignan
The church in Mont-Saint-Aignan
The church in Mont-Saint-Aignan
Coat of arms of Mont-Saint-Aignan
Coat of arms
Location of Mont-Saint-Aignan
Mont-Saint-Aignan is located in France
Mont-Saint-Aignan
Mont-Saint-Aignan
Mont-Saint-Aignan is located in Normandy
Mont-Saint-Aignan
Mont-Saint-Aignan
Coordinates: 49°27′47″N 1°05′18″E / 49.4630°N 1.0883°E / 49.4630; 1.0883Coordinates: 49°27′47″N 1°05′18″E / 49.4630°N 1.0883°E / 49.4630; 1.0883
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
DepartmentSeine-Maritime
ArrondissementRouen
CantonMont-Saint-Aignan
IntercommunalityMétropole Rouen Normandie
Government
 • Mayor (2014 - 2020) Catherine Flavigny
Area
1
7.94 km2 (3.07 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
19,304
 • Density2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
76451 /76130
Elevation44–171 m (144–561 ft)
(avg. 145 m or 476 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The inhabitants of the town of Mont-Saint-Aignan are "Mont-Saint-Aignanais".[2]

Due to the presence of higher education institutions (notably the University of Rouen and the NEOMA Business School) and the city's relatively small population, Mont-Saint-Aignan is considered the French city that has the largest proportion of students relative to its population (students represented in 2014 25,61% of the total population).[3]

GeographyEdit

The town is the fifth-largest suburb of the city of Rouen and lies directly adjacent to the north side of Rouen at the junction of the D 121 and D 43. In addition to its population of 21,265, there are also around 20,000 students at the University and the various Grandes Écoles.

HistoryEdit

The parishes of Saint-Aignan (Sanctum Anianum) and Mont-aux-Malades (Monte Infirmorum, which takes its name from a hospital) are mentioned in documents dating back to the 12th century. Henry II built a church there dedicated to Thomas Becket in 1176 in an attempt to make up for his unwitting role in the murder of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

The modern commune of Mont-Saint-Aignan was created in the early 19th century (1815–1819) out of the merger of the communes of Monts-aux-Malades, Saint-Aignan and (partly) Saint-Denis-de-Bondeville.

HeraldryEdit

Arms of Mont-Saint-Aignan are blazoned :
Or, a leopard gules within a laurel wreath vert, and on a chief indented azure, 3 fleurs de lys and 2 half ones Or



PeopleEdit

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
1793625—    
1800976+56.2%
1806754−22.7%
18211,617+114.5%
18311,929+19.3%
18362,116+9.7%
18412,382+12.6%
18462,369−0.5%
18512,567+8.4%
18562,603+1.4%
18612,888+10.9%
18663,045+5.4%
18722,909−4.5%
18762,985+2.6%
18813,115+4.4%
18863,408+9.4%
18913,379−0.9%
18963,729+10.4%
19014,151+11.3%
19064,242+2.2%
19114,316+1.7%
19214,942+14.5%
19265,262+6.5%
19315,588+6.2%
19365,845+4.6%
19466,585+12.7%
19547,358+11.7%
19629,989+35.8%
196816,031+60.5%
197519,146+19.4%
198219,736+3.1%
199019,961+1.1%
199921,265+6.5%
200620,659−2.8%
201119,333−6.4%

Places of interestEdit

  • The church of St. Jacques, dating from the eleventh century, used as a workshop after the Revolution.
  • The church of St. Thomas, dating from the twelfth century.
  • The sixteenth century church of St. Aignan.
  • The nineteenth century church of St. André.
  • The modern church of Notre-Dame-de-Miséricorde (1970).
  • The chapel of the Petit-Séminaire (1862).
  • Several ancient houses.

Colleges and universitiesEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Mont-Saint-Aignan is twinned with:[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Commune"
  3. ^ (in French) Classement des villes étudiantes
  4. ^ "Jumelages". montsaintaignan.fr (in French). Mont-Saint-Aignan. Retrieved 2019-11-20.

External linksEdit