Moneenroe (from Irish: An Móinín Rua, meaning "the little red bog") is a townland, electoral division and village in north County Kilkenny, Ireland. It is located in the province of Leinster along the N78 road about 21 kilometres (13 mi) from Kilkenny city in the south-east of the island of Ireland. Moneenroe is a census town with a population of about 688.

Moneenroe

An Móinín Rua
Town
Moneenroe is located in Ireland
Moneenroe
Moneenroe
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°49′47″N 7°09′42″W / 52.8297°N 7.16165°W / 52.8297; -7.16165Coordinates: 52°49′47″N 7°09′42″W / 52.8297°N 7.16165°W / 52.8297; -7.16165
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
CountyCounty Kilkenny
Government
 • Dáil ÉireannCarlow–Kilkenny
 • EU ParliamentSouth constituency
Population
 (2016)[1]
722
Time zoneUTC+0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-1 (IST (WEST))
Area code(s)+353

Moneenroe is approximately 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) from Castlecomer and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) from Carlow town. Clogh village is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) west.

HistoryEdit

In the past many from Moneenroe worked at the coal mines at Deerpark Mines which closed in the 1960s.

GeographyEdit

It is located on the N78 main road between Castlecomer and Carlow town, approximately 5 kilometres from Castlecomer and 16 kilometres from Carlow town. The village borders with County Laois at several points, with Crettyard being the closest townland in County Laois.

Townlands in the electoral division of Moneenroe include Coolbawn, Croghtenclogh, Gorteen, Moneenroe, Smithstown and Uskerty.[2][3]

Móinín Rua means "The little red bog" due to the marshy land in some parts of the townland.

Moneenroe is the most densely populated rural area in the county.[4]

DemographicsEdit

As of the 2006 census, by the Central Statistics Office, Moneenroe's population was 688.[5] This was a 1.5% increase since 2002.[5] As of the 2006 census, there was an exact 50%/50% split of males and females in the village.[5] As of 2016 census, the population had increased to 722.[1]

LandmarksEdit

 
Church of the Sacred Heart

There are two local churches and a community hall. The Catholic Church is called Moneenroe Church of the Sacred Heart and the foundation stone was blessed in 1928 and was dedicated 14 September 1930. The most striking feature inside this Church is the windows.[6] There is also a Church of Ireland church. The hall is called Moneenroe Parish Hall.[7]

EducationEdit

Moneenroe National School is a co-educational school with a catholic ethos.[8][9][10]

GovernanceEdit

The local government is Kilkenny County Council. Ballyragget and its rural area forms an Electoral District which includes Attanagh, Ballyragget, Castlecomer, Clogh, Coon, Moneenroe, Ardra and Muckalee. The County Council representatives from the Ballyragget electoral district are Maurice Shortall, Mary Hilda Cavanagh, Pay Millea, Dan Brennan and Catherine Connery.

In European Parliament elections Moneenroe is part of the South constituency for voting purposes. Moneenroe is part of the Carlow–Kilkenny constituency which is a parliamentary constituency represented in Dáil Éireann.

IndustryEdit

Agriculture employs about 100 people. The Castlecomer district has 60 farms. These range between 10 and 100 hectares with a total of 2003 hectares being farmed. There are 4451 cattle and 768 sheep, and farming is done with grassland machines, tillage machines, tractors, winter feeding and milking equipment. Specialist farms include beef production, dairy and mixed grazing livestock.

After the closure of the coal mines in the 1960s, there was mass emigration to the USA, Canada, the UK and Australia as people searched for work and a better life than that on the dole. Over the years there have been many factories which have closed in the locality leaving people to search for work in places such as Kilkenny, Carlow, Portlaoise and Dublin.

In the 1970s the building of the Avonmore plant in Ballyragget helped keep local young people in the area gain local employment and this continued with the jobs created when the plant was operational. The caravan manufacturing factory was briefly a large employer in the area before it closed down.[citation needed]

Castlecomer mills was also a major employer of clothing such as Lycra. However, this closed to a much cost-effective market in the Far East and has left a void for direct employment in the area since.[citation needed] However, further investment in the area came quickly when Roadstone (now called Ormonde brick) constructed a factory in Ardra for the manufacture of bricks for the building industry.[citation needed]

SportEdit

Railyard Gaelic football team or Railyard GFC was founded mainly by members of Moneenroe FCA in 1943.[11] The Railyard colours are red and white. The club were Senior football league winners in 2009.[citation needed]

Old Road Villa soccer club – currently no team entered in Carlow soccer league Junior divisions. A ladies team was entered in the Kilkenny and District league.[citation needed]

Castlecomer Camogie Club comprises players from all of the local primary schools in the area including Clogh, Moneenroe, Castlecomer and Firoda.[12]

TransportEdit

Moneenroe is situated on the Dublin to Clonmel Bus Éireann bus route. Also, a private bus service Buggy's of Castlecomer has a daily bus service to and from Carlow town. Ring a Link is a community based rural transport which operates a route in the Northeast of the county covering Castlecomer, Ballyraggett, Coan, Conahy, Muckalee, Ballyouskill, Clogh and Moneenroe.[13]

CultureEdit

It is known as the Unofficial Capital of North Kilkenny.[citation needed] Moneenroe was home to Nicholas Boran, a professed communist and union organiser in the Castlecomer mines.[14]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Moneenroe". Census 2016. CSO. April 2016. Retrieved 22 January 2020.
  2. ^ Moneenroe DEDs, Census of Ireland 1911
  3. ^ Derelict Sites (Urban Areas) Regulations, 2009
  4. ^ FOOTPATH CONTINUES Archived 5 September 2012 at Archive.today, Kilkenny People
  5. ^ a b c Census 2006 Table 5, Central Statistics Office
  6. ^ Moneenroe Church of the Sacred Heart photo from geograph.ie
  7. ^ Moneenroe Parish Hall Archived 18 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Moneenroe National School on site clogh.com.
  9. ^ Making learning fun at Moneenroe NS Archived 16 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine, Kilkenny People
  10. ^ News from nationalchildrenschoir.org
  11. ^ Railyard Archived 16 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine from kilkennycats.com
  12. ^ Comer Camogie Archived 9 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Kilkenny People
  13. ^ National Development Plan Advertising Kilkenny People, Friday, 15 October 2004
  14. ^ Closing the Mine in Castlecomer[permanent dead link], Walter F. Kuentzel, University of Vermont