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2014 Moldovan parliamentary election

  (Redirected from Moldovan parliamentary election, 2014)

Parliamentary elections were held in Moldova on 30 November 2014. The result was described as "more a loss than a victory" of the incumbent pro-European coalition, with center-right parties divided by sharp tensions.[1] The pro-Russian Party of Socialists (PSRM), composed of former communists, emerged as the largest party in Parliament, gaining 20.51% of votes and winning 25 of the 101 seats. The Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova (PCRM), previously the largest party, dropped from 38 to 21 seats.

2014 Moldovan parliamentary election

← 2010 30 November 2014 2019 →

All the 101 seats in Parliament
Turnout55.80%
  First party Second party Third party
  Igor Dodon (01.2017; cropped).jpg Vladimir Filat.jpg VoroninVladimir2008.jpg
Leader Igor Dodon Vlad Filat Vladimir Voronin
Party PSRM PLDM PCRM
Leader since 2011 2007 1994
Last election 4[a] 29.42%, 32 seats 39.34%, 38 seats[a]
Seats won 25 23 21
Seat change Increase 21 Decrease 9 Decrease 17
Popular vote 327,912 322,201 279,366
Percentage 20.51% 20.16% 17.48%

  Fourth party Fifth party
  Marian Lupu 2011-05-28.jpg Mihai Ghimpu (cropped).jpg
Leader Marian Lupu Mihai Ghimpu
Party PDM PL
Leader since 2009 1997
Last election 12.70%, 15 seats 9.96%, 12 seats
Seats won 19 13
Seat change Increase 4 Increase 1
Popular vote 252,489 154,518
Percentage 15.80% 9.67%

Prime Minister before election

Iurie Leancă
Liberal Democratic

Prime Minister

Chiril Gaburici
Liberal Democratic

Contents

Electoral systemEdit

The 101 members of Parliament were elected by party-list proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency.[2] There were four separate electoral thresholds: 9 percent for electoral blocs with three or more parties, 7 percent for two-party electoral blocs, 4 percent for single parties or organisations, and 2 percent for independent candidates.[2]

Documents for registration of electoral candidates had to be submitted to the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) between 3 and 30 October 2014.[3] Once formally registered by the CEC, the candidates were allowed to begin campaigning.[4]

Voter turnout had to be over 33 percent for the election to be validated.[2]

CampaignEdit

A total of 41 parties registered at the Ministry of Justice by the 15 September deadline,[5] but the final ballot included 19 parties, one bloc, and four independent candidates.

The main dividing line between the parties was foreign policy, setting the pro-European Union (EU) parties (the Democratic Party, the Liberal Democratic Party, and the Liberal Party) against those supporting rapprochement with the then incoming Eurasian Economic Union and the Russian Federation (PCRM and PSRM). The PSRM was the most radical by offering to cancel the agreement on political association and the free trade zone with the EU, and was openly supported by Russia. The leader of the party, Igor Dodon, publicly met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin.

ParticipatingEdit

In total, the Central Electoral Commission registered 25 participants in the election (20 political parties, 1 electoral bloc, and 4 independent candidates):

No.[6][7] Party or independent candidate's name Candidate list accepted by the
Central Electoral Commission on[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
1 Democratic Party of Moldova 10 October 2014
2 Christian-Democratic People's Party 10 October 2014
3 Force of the People Party 10 October 2014
4 Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 10 October 2014
5 Liberal Reformist Party 10 October 2014
6 Communist Reformist Party of Moldova 10 October 2014
7 Popular Movement Anti-Mafia Party 10 October 2014
8 National Liberal Party 10 October 2014
9 Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova 10 October 2014
10 'Moldova’s Choice — the Customs Union' Electoral Bloc 10 October 2014
11 'Democracy at Home' Political Party 10 October 2014
12 People's Party of Moldova 10 October 2014
13 Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 10 October 2014
14 Liberal Party 10 October 2014
15 Revival Party 10 October 2014
16 Homeland Party[b] 13 October 2014
17 Democratic Action Party 27 October 2014
18 Ecologist Green Party 28 October 2014
19 Equality Movement[c] 29 October 2014
20 Oleg Cernei 29 October 2014
21 Oleg Brega 3 November 2014
22 'Patriots of Moldova' Party 3 November 2014
23 Valeriu Pleșca 6 November 2014
24 Anatolie Doga 7 November 2014
25 Centrist Union of Moldova 6 November 2014
26 For Nation and Country Party 6 November 2014
  1. ^ a b The PSRM contested the 2010 elections as part of the PCRM list. Four of the 42 seats won by the PCRM list were PSRM representatives.
  2. ^ Declared withdrawn on 27 November 2014. However, its name appeared on the ballot paper, as it was too late to remove it.
  3. ^ On 22 November 2014, the CEC announced that it had accepted the party's decision to withdraw from the election.

WithdrawnEdit

The candidate list of the Republican Socio-Political Movement Equality was accepted by the Central Electoral Commission (CEC) on 29 October 2014; however, the party later decided to withdraw from the election. On 22 November 2014, the CEC announced that it had accepted the withdrawal.[16]

The Homeland Party was declared withdrawn from the election by the Chișinău Court of Appeal on 27 November 2014, for having used foreign financial resources during the campaign.[17] Because ballot papers had already been printed, it was too late to remove the party's name (as was previously done for the Socio-political Movement 'Ravnopravie'). Instead, a stamp marked "withdrawn" was applied next to the party's name.[18] The Supreme Court of Justice of Moldova rejected the party's appeal on 29 November 2014.[19]

Opinion pollsEdit

Party 2010 elections Opinion Polls
Seats % Jan 2013 Apr 2013 Apr 2013 May 2013[20] Oct 2013 Nov 2013[21] Nov 2013[22] March 2014[23] April 2014[24] May 2014[25] June 2014[26] July 2014[27] September 2014[28]
PCRM 42 39.32 31.8 50.2 41.8 53.9 39.3 49.6 50.8 48.7 44.5 41.7 36.6 36.2 35.6
PLDM 32 29.42 26.5 19.5 24.7 17.4 16.9 19.7 19.1 28.3 26.5 19.2 23.9 26.1 28.3
PDM 15 12.7 11.9 10.5 13.9 11.9 10.2 13.2 12.7 12.8 14.6 10.2 13.8 14.5 16.2
PL 12 9.96 14.8 16.2 10.4 10.3 7.1 8.8 11.1 10.2 14.3 8.9 10.1 11.6 9.6
PSRM 1.5 0.9 4.7 2.0 4.9 0.9 0.6 8.3 1.8 4.3
PLR new 2.6 2.5 1.6 0.9 5.9
MPA new 1.8 2.8 2.9
PPCD 0 0.53 0.3 0.9 1.3 1.2
PSD 0 0.59 0.8 0.3 1.2
PAD new 0.5
PPM new 1.3
PaRuS new 10.2

ResultsEdit

 
Party Votes % Seats +/–
Party of Socialists 327,912 20.51 25 +21
Liberal Democratic Party 322,201 20.16 23 –9
Party of Communists 279,366 17.48 21 –17
Democratic Party of Moldova 252,489 15.80 19 +4
Liberal Party 154,518 9.67 13 +1
Communist Reformist Party 78,716 4.92 0 New
'Moldova's Choice - Customs Union' Electoral Bloc 55,089 3.45 0 New
Popular Movement Anti-Mafia Party 27,846 1.74 0 New
Liberal Reformist Party 24,956 1.56 0 New
People's Party of Moldova 12,110 0.76 0 New
Christian-Democratic People's Party 11,782 0.74 0 0
Force of the People Party 11,665 0.73 0 New
National Liberal Party 6,858 0.43 0 0
Revival Party 4,158 0.26 0 New
Democratic Action Party 2,564 0.16 0 New
Democracy at Home 2,449 0.15 0 New
For Nation and Country Party 1,697 0.11 0 0
Patriots of Moldova 1,498 0.09 0 0
Ecologist Green Party 1,360 0.09 0 0
Centrist Union 633 0.04 0 New
Independents 18,651 1.18 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 50,884
Total 1,649,508 100 101 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,956,270 55.80
Source: CEC

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Timuş, Natalia (23 March 2015). "A democratic and European stern test for Moldovan political elite". Party Systems and Governments Observatory. Retrieved 30 March 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "IPU PARLINE database: REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA (Parlament), Electoral system". Archive.ipu.org. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. ^ "General information about the parliamentary elections of 2014 in Moldova / Elections 2014". E-democracy.md. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  4. ^ "Moldova, Parliamentary Elections, 30 November 2014: Needs Assessment Mission Report - OSCE". Osce.org. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  5. ^ Nr. 2664 - cu privire la lista partidelor şi altor organizaţii social-politice cu dreptul de a participa la alegerile parlamentare din 30 noiembrie 2014 CEC (in Romanian)
  6. ^ Position on the ballot paper, as determined by the Central Electoral Commission. Parties are listed on the ballot paper in the order they register their candidate lists with the Commission. If more than one party registers candidates on the same day, the order is determined by the Commission following a draw
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-24. Retrieved 2014-11-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-10-31. Retrieved 2014-10-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-02. Retrieved 2014-10-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2014-10-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-10-28.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-12. Retrieved 2014-10-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-06. Retrieved 2014-11-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-06. Retrieved 2014-11-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-11-21. Retrieved 2014-11-07.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-17. Retrieved 2014-11-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ ȘTIRILE, PUBLIKA MD-AICI SUNT (27 November 2014). "Curtea de Apel Chişinău A DECIS! Partidul "Patria" este EXCLUS din campania electorală - PUBLIKA .MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE". Publika.md. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  18. ^ ȘTIRILE, PUBLIKA MD-AICI SUNT (27 November 2014). "Cum a reacţionat Renato Usatîi când a auzit că Partidul "Patria" a fost exclus din cursa electorală - PUBLIKA .MD - AICI SUNT ȘTIRILE". Publika.md. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Prima instanţă: V. Pruteanu, S. Arnaut, A. Minciuna : D E C I Z I E". Jurisprudenta.csj.md. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  20. ^ "IMAS Poll (in Romanian)". unimedia.md. 5 June 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  21. ^ "Political poll: PCRM leads (in Romanian)". Jurnal TV. 19 November 2013. Archived from the original on 23 November 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  22. ^ "Public Opinion Barometer Poll (in Romanian)". Unimedia.md. 21 November 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2013.
  23. ^ "Moldova Association of Sociologists Poll". Trm.md. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 21 March 2014.
  24. ^ "Moldova Association of Sociologists Poll". Trm.md. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  25. ^ "Association of Sociologists and Demographers of Moldova Poll". Allmoldova.md. 21 May 2014. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 21 May 2014.
  26. ^ "Privesc.eu poll". Infoprut.ro. 24 June 2014. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Retrieved 24 June 2014.
  27. ^ "Public opinion survey Residents of Moldova" (PDF). International Republican Institute. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
  28. ^ "Perspectiva votanţilor activi din Rep. Moldova în pragul alegerilor parlamentare" (PDF). Cercetare IPN. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.