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Miyun District

  (Redirected from Miyun County)

Miyun District (simplified Chinese: 密云区; traditional Chinese: 密雲區; pinyin: Mìyún Qū) is situated in northeast Beijing. It has an area of 2,227 square kilometres (860 sq mi) and a population of 460,800 (2010 Census).

Miyun

密云区
Simatai Great Wall
Simatai Great Wall
Location of Miyun County in Beijing
Location of Miyun County in Beijing
Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 116°50′22″E / 40.37444°N 116.83944°E / 40.37444; 116.83944Coordinates: 40°22′28″N 116°50′22″E / 40.37444°N 116.83944°E / 40.37444; 116.83944
CountryPeople's Republic of China
MunicipalityBeijing
Township-level divisions3 subdistricts
17 towns
1 township
Area
 • Total2,227 km2 (860 sq mi)
Population
(2010)
 • Total460,800
 • Density210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
101500
Area code(s)0010
Websitebjmy.gov.cn

Contents

HistoryEdit

Miyun was one of the places where Warlord Feng Yuxiang stationed his troops in preparation of the Beijing Coup of 1924.[1] In the 1930s, Miyun District was occupied by the Imperial Japanese Army and became part of the area controlled by the East Hebei Autonomous Council, a puppet state of Japan. The Japanese occupation was challenged, however, when a local Taoist priest managed to incite Miyun's peasantry. As member of the Yellow Sand Society, he garnered followers and managed to convince them that they could become immune to gunfire through magical rituals that he performed. Thus highly motivated, the peasants launched a rebellion in July 1936 and defeated an East Hopei Army unit that was sent to suppress them.[2] Nearby Imperial Japanese Army forces were consequently mobilized against the insurgents. By September, the uprising was defeated and about 300 of Miyun's Yellow Sand rebels had been killed or wounded in the fighting.[3]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Gulou Subdistrict in 2015.
 
A passenger train arriving Miyun North Railway Station.

There are 3 subdistricts, 17 towns, and 1 township which carry the "area" (地区) label in the district.[4][5] The urban area centers on Gulou Subdistrict, and has an estimated population of 124,500.[1]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[6] Area (km2)
Gulou Subdistrict 鼓楼街道 Gǔlóu Jiēdào 104,479 1.60
Guoyuan Subdistrict 果园街道 Guǒyuán Jiēdào 52,840 7.55
Tanying (Manchu and Mongol Ethnic Township) Area 檀营(满族蒙古族乡)地区 Tányíng (Mǎnzú Měnggǔzú Xiāng) Dìqū 7,571 2.73
Miyun town 密云镇 Mìyún Zhèn 18,722 24.00
Xiwengzhuang town 溪翁庄镇 Xīwēng Zhèn 19,811 87.90
Xitiangezhuang town 西田各庄镇 Xītiángèzhuāng Zhèn 36,056 129.60
Shilipu town 十里堡镇 Shílǐpù Zhèn 25,086 30.80
Henanzhai town 河南寨镇 Hénánzhài Zhèn 24,067 66.70
Jugezhuang town 巨各庄镇 Jùgèzhuāng Zhèn 23,017 107.80
Mujiayu town 穆家峪镇 Mùjiāyù Zhèn 33,145 102.80
Taishitun town 太师屯镇 Tàishītún Zhèn 27,311 202.00
Gaoling town 高岭镇 Gāolǐng Zhèn 14,186 111.40
Bulaotun town 不老屯镇 Bùlǎotún Zhèn 15,810 193.20
Fengjiayu town 冯家峪镇 Féngjiāyù Zhèn 6,640 214.25
Gubeikou town 古北口镇 Gǔběikǒu Zhèn 7,932 84.71
Dachengzi town 大城子镇 Dàchéngzi Zhèn 11,648 144.00
Dongshaoqu town 东邵渠镇 Dōngshàoqú Zhèn 12,276 109.30
Beizhuang town 北庄镇 Běizhuāng Zhèn 7,769 83.70
Xinchengzi town 新城子镇 Xīnchéngzi Zhèn 7,993 176.50
Shicheng town 石城镇 Shíchéng Zhèn 5,453 252.80

GeographyEdit

Miyun contains the easternmost point of Beijing Municipality, bordering the Beijing districts of Pinggu to the southeast, Shunyi to the southwest and Huairou to the west as well as Hebei province to the due north and east. The Miyun Reservoir, a major source of water for the city of Beijing, is also located in the county.

TourismEdit

A popular tourist attraction in Miyun district is Simatai, a section of the Great Wall where tourists can go hiking.[citation needed] Another is Nanshan Ski Resort, one of the largest in the country.[7] There was a proposal to create an all English-speaking town to be called either No Chinese, China or English Town, Miyun County, China but this did not materialize.[citation needed]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Sheridan (1966), p. 134.
  2. ^ Morning Tribune Staff (1936), p. 9.
  3. ^ The China Monthly Review Staff (1936), p. 473.
  4. ^ These townships are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  5. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:昂昂溪区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-06-28.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ Census Office of the State Council of the People's Republic of China; Population and Employment Statistics Division of the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China (2012). 中国2010人口普查分乡、镇、街道资料 (1 ed.). Beijing: China Statistics Print. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
  7. ^ Beijing Nanshan ski village

BibliographyEdit

External linksEdit