Miyun Reservoir

Miyun Reservoir ("Miyun" means "Dense Clouds",[1] Chinese: 密云水库)[2] is a large-scale reservoir in the People's Republic of China, located 16 kilometers north of the Miyun District in Beijing, straddling the Chaohe River (潮河) and Baihe River (白河).[3] There are two major rivers flowing into the reservoir, namely the Bai River and the Chao River. The reservoir was formally completed on September 1, 1960. [4]

Miyun Reservoir
密云水库
Miyun Reservoir .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}密云水库 is located in Beijing
Miyun Reservoir .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}密云水库
Miyun Reservoir
密云水库
LocationMiyun District, Beijing
Typereservoir
Basin countriesChina
BuiltSeptember 1, 1960

Miyun Reservoir is the largest comprehensive water conservancy project in North China. [5] The reservoir covers an area of 180 square kilometers,[6] with a reservoir capacity of 4 billion cubic meters and an average depth of 30 meters, making it the largest[7] and only source of drinking-water supply for Beijing,[8] serving over 11 million people.[9]

Miyun Reservoir is the largest artificial lake in Asia[10] and is billed as the "Pearl in North China" (华北明珠).[11]

HistoryEdit

Construction of Miyun Reservoir started on 1 September 1958[12] and was completed in September 1960. [13] The chief designer of the project was Zhang Guangdou.[14]

Miyun Reservoir was designed by the Department of Water Resources of Tsinghua University,[15] with the participation of a large number of migrant workers from Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei, and the Engineering Bureau of the Ministry of Water Resources and Electric Power. [16]

Surrounding environmentEdit

Along the Miyun Reservoir, there is a 110-kilometer-long Huanku Road (环库公路).[17]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cecilia Tortajada; Dogan Altinbilek; Asit K. Biswas (10 January 2012). Impacts of Large Dams: A Global Assessment. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 242–. ISBN 978-3-642-23571-9.
  2. ^ Dongping YANG (1 March 2013). Chinese Research Perspectives on the Environment, Volume 1: Urban Challenges, Public Participation, and Natural Disasters. Brill Publishers. pp. 415–. ISBN 978-90-04-24954-7.
  3. ^ "Urban New Fashion-Forest Bath". Guangming Daily. 2001-04-25.
  4. ^ "Report on the 60th anniversary of Miyun Reservoir". Beijing Daily. September 1, 2020.
  5. ^ "国家相册第三季第28集《饮水思源头》" (in Chinese). Xinhua News Agency. 2020-11-13. Archived from the original on 2020-11-16.
  6. ^ "New fence guards Miyun Reservoir". China Daily. 2018-05-04.
  7. ^ "Miyun Reservoir is full of farmhouses". People's Daily. Jul 30, 2014.
  8. ^ "Miyun Reservoir and other water source reserves to be redesignated". The Beijing News. 2018-12-21.
  9. ^ "Beijing's largest reservoir supplies water to dried-up river". Xinhuanet.com. 2019-06-01.
  10. ^ "A framework for determining the maximum allowable external load that will meet a guarantee probability of achieving water quality targets". ScienceDirect. 15 September 2020.
  11. ^ Ling Qin; Hongwen Huang (2009). Proceedings of the IVth International Chestnut Symposium: Beijing, China, September 25–28, 2008. International Society for Horticultural Science. ISBN 978-90-6605-672-5.
  12. ^ "Premier Zhou and the construction of Miyun Reservoir". People's Daily. Mar 12, 2019.
  13. ^ Jingjing Yan (27 August 2014). Comprehensive Evaluation of Effective Biomass Resource Utilization and Optimal Environmental Policies. Springer. pp. 23–. ISBN 978-3-662-44454-2.
  14. ^ Lawrence R. Sullivan; Nancy Y. Liu-Sullivan (19 March 2015). Historical Dictionary of Science and Technology in Modern China. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. pp. 487–. ISBN 978-0-8108-7855-6.
  15. ^ "Mao Zedong and Tsinghua University: An Unbreakable Bond". People's Daily. Dec 26, 2008.
  16. ^ China Today. China Welfare Institute. 2003.
  17. ^ "A collection of cool summer reservoirs around Beijing". Sohu. 2007-05-25.

Coordinates: 40°30′29″N 116°56′46″E / 40.508°N 116.946°E / 40.508; 116.946