Minyas (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Minyas (/ˈmɪniəs, ˈmɪnjəs/; Ancient Greek: Μινύας) was the founder of Orchomenus, Boeotia.[1]

FamilyEdit

As the ancestor of the Minyans, a number of Boeotian genealogies lead back to him, according to the classicist H.J. Rose.[citation needed] Accounts vary as to his own parentage: one source states that he was thought to be the son of Orchomenus and Hermippe, his real father being Poseidon;[2] in another account he is called a son of Poseidon and Callirhoe[3] or Tritogeneia, daughter of Aeolus[4] or Euryanassa, daughter of Hyperphas[5] or lastly, Chrysogone, daughter of Almus.[6] Yet others variously give Minyas' father as Chryses (son of Poseidon and Chrysogeneia),[7] Eteocles,[8] Aeolus,[1] Ares[citation needed], Aleus[citation needed], Thessalus (son of Poseidon),[9] Sisyphus[10] and Halmus (Almus).

Minyas was married to Euryale, Clytodora, or Phanosyra (daughter of Paeon). Of them, Clytodora bore him a daughter Clymene (also called Periclymene,[11][12] mother of Iphiclus and Alcimede by Phylacus or Cephalus). Clytodora is also given as the mother by Minyas of Orchomenus, Presbon, Athamas,[13] Diochthondas[14] and Eteoclymene.[15] Minyas' other children include Cyparissus, the founder of Anticyra,[16] and three daughters known as the Minyades who were turned into bats.[17] In some accounts, Minyas was also said to be the father of Persephone, mother of Iasus. Iasus was the father of Amphion, who in turn was the father of Chloris and Phylomache (respectively wives of Neleus[18] and Pelias). Also, Elara, the mother of the giant Tityus was also described sometimes as Minyas' daughter.[19]

According to Apollonius Rhodius[20] and Pausanias,[21] he was the first king to have made a treasury, of which the ruins were still extant in Pausanias' times.

Comparative table of Minyas' family
Relation Name Sources
Homer Hesiod Pindar Apollon. Ovid Apollod. Plutarch Hyg. Paus. Anton. Aelian Steph. Eusta. Tzet. W. Smith
Sch. Ody. Frag. Sch. Pyth Sch. Isth. Sch. Oly Argo Sch. Meta. Gk. Ques. Fabulae Odys. Lyco.
Parentage Poseidon and Euryanassa
Poseidon and Tritogeneia
Eteocles
Thessalus
Aeolus [22]
Poseidon and Hermippe
Poseidon and Chrysogone
Chryses
Orchomenus
Poseidon and Callirhoe
Ares
Aleus
Sisyphus
Halmus
Wife Euryale
Clytodora
Phanosyra
Children Clymene
Elara
Eteoclymene
Diochthondas
Orchomenus
Athamas
Presbon
Leuconoe or
Leucippe
Alcithoe or
Alcathoe
Arsinoe or
Arsippe or
Aristippe
Periclymene
Cyparissus
Persephone

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1093 ff
  2. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.230-3b
  3. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  4. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.122
  5. ^ Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 11.326 = Hesiod, fr. 62 (Loeb edition, 1914)
  6. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1094: Minyas himself is the son of Poseidon and "Chrysogone", daughter of Almus.
  7. ^ Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio 9.36.4
  8. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Isthmian Ode 1.79
  9. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Olympian Odes 14.5
  10. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad 2.511
  11. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 14
  12. ^ Tzetzes ad Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  13. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.230
  14. ^ Scholia ad Pindar, Olympian Odes 14.5
  15. ^ Scholia ad Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.120
  16. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad, 2. 159; on Odyssey, 11. 362
  17. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses 4.1-168; Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses 10; Plutarch, Quaestiones Graecae 38
  18. ^ Scholia on Homer, Odyssey 11.281, citing Pherecydes (fr. 117 Fowler)
  19. ^ Scholiast on Homer, Odyssey 7.324; Eustathius on Homer, Odyssey 7.324, p. 1581
  20. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.229
  21. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.38.2
  22. ^ Scholia, on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 3.1553: "He (i.e. Minyas) is called Aeolian, not as being the immediate offspring of Aeolus, but as being descended from his stocks. Sisyphus, the son of Aeolus, had two sons, Almus and Porphyrion. Minyas, the builder of Orchomenus, was the son of Neptune, by Chrysogone, the daughter of Almus thus he was a descendant of Aeolus by the mother's side."

ReferencesEdit

  • Antoninus Liberalis, The Metamorphoses of Antoninus Liberalis translated by Francis Celoria (Routledge 1992). Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica translated by Robert Cooper Seaton (1853-1915), R. C. Loeb Classical Library Volume 001. London, William Heinemann Ltd, 1912. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica. George W. Mooney. London. Longmans, Green. 1912. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
  • Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus, Moralia with an English Translation by Frank Cole Babbitt. Cambridge, MA. Harvard University Press. London. William Heinemann Ltd. 1936. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
  • Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library
  • Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses translated by Brookes More (1859-1942). Boston, Cornhill Publishing Co. 1922. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Publius Ovidius Naso, Metamorphoses. Hugo Magnus. Gotha (Germany). Friedr. Andr. Perthes. 1892. Latin text available at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Fowler, R. L. (2000), Early Greek Mythography: Volume 1: Text and Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0198147404.
  • Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 2, page 1092
  • Thirlwall, Connop (1895). A History of Greece. Original from the University of Virginia: Longmans. p. 92.