Minyas (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Minyas (/ˈmɪniəs, ˈmɪnjəs/; Ancient Greek: Μινύας) was the founder of Orchomenus, Boeotia.[1]


As the ancestor of the Minyans, a number of Boeotian genealogies lead back to him, according to the classicist H.J. Rose. Accounts vary as to his own parentage: one source states that he was thought to be the son of Orchomenus and Hermippe, his real father being Poseidon;[2] in another account he is called son of Poseidon and Callirhoe;[3] yet others variously give his father as Chryses (son of Poseidon and Chrysogeneia, daughter of Almus),[4] Eteocles[5], Aeolus[1], Ares, Aleus, Sisyphus and Halmus (Almus).

Minyas was married to either Euryanassa, Euryale, Tritogeneia (daughter of Aeolus), Clytodora, or Phanosyra (daughter of Paeon). Of them, either Euryanassa or Clytodora bore him a daughter Clymene (also called Periclymene,[6][7] mother of Iphiclus and Alcimede by Phylacus or Cephalus). Clytodora is also given as the mother by Minyas of Orchomenus, Presbon, Athamas[2], Diochthondas[8] and Eteoclymene[9]. Minyas' other children include Cyparissus, the founder of Anticyra,[10] and three daughters known as the Minyades.[11][12][13] In some accounts, he was also said to be the father of Persephone who married Amphion and by him became the mother of Chloris, wife of Neleus.[14] Also, Elara, the mother of the giant Tityus was also described sometimes as Minyas' daughter.[15][16]

According to Apollonius Rhodius[17] and Pausanias[18], he was the first king to have made a treasury, of which the ruins were still extant in Pausanias' times.

Comparative table of Minyas' family
Relation Name Sources
Homer Pindar Apollon. Ovid Apollod. Plutarch Hyg. Paus. Anton. Aelian Steph. Eusta. Tzet. W. Smith
Sch. Ody. Sch. Isth. Argo Sch. Meta. Gk. Ques. Fabulae Odys. Lyco.
Parentage Eteocles
Aeolus [19]
Poseidon and Hermippe
Poseidon and Chrysogone
Poseidon and Callirhoe
Wife Euryanassa
Children Clymene
Leuconoe or
Alcithoe or
Arsinoe or
Arsippe or

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 3.1093 ff
  2. ^ a b Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.230
  3. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 875
  4. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 9. 36. 4; in scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 3. 1094, Minyas himself is the son of Poseidon and "Chrysogone", daughter of Almus.
  5. ^ Scholia on Pindar, Isthmian Ode 1. 79
  6. ^ Hyginus Fabulae 14
  7. ^ Tzetzes ad Lycophron. Alexandra, 875
  8. ^ Scholia ad Pindar, Olympian Odes 14.5
  9. ^ Scholia ad Pindar, Pythian Odes 4.120
  10. ^ Scholia on Homer, Iliad, 2. 159; on Odyssey, 11. 362
  11. ^ Ovid, Metamorphoses, 4. 1 - 168
  12. ^ Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 10
  13. ^ Plutarch, Quaestiones Graecae, 38
  14. ^ Scholia on Odyssey, 11. 281, citing Pherecydes (fr. 117 Fowler)
  15. ^ Scholiast on Homer, Odyssey 7.324
  16. ^ Eustathius on Homer, Odyssey 7.324, p. 1581
  17. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1.229
  18. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 9.38.2
  19. ^ Scholia, on Apollonius of Rhodes, Argonautica 3.1553: "He (i.e. Minyas) is called Aeolian, not as being the immediate offspring of Aeolus, but as being descended from his stocks. Sisyphus, the son of Aeolus, had two sons, Almus and Porphyrion. Minyas, the builder of Orchomenus, was the son of Neptune, by Chrysogone, the daughter of Almus thus he was a descendant of Aeolus by the mother's side."


  • Fowler, R. L. (2000), Early Greek Mythography: Volume 1: Text and Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0198147404.
  • Smith, William. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, v. 2, page 1092
  • Thirlwall, Connop (1895). A History of Greece. Original from the University of Virginia: Longmans. p. 92.