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Clymene (mythology)

In Greek mythology, the name Clymene or Klymene (/ˈklɪmɪni, ˈklmɪni/;[1][2] Ancient Greek: Κλυμένη, Kluménē) may refer to:

  • The Oceanid Clymene was the wife and queen of the Titan Ophion, who first ruled from Olympus. She was defeated by Rhea in a wrestling match as Ophion was simultaneously defeated in a match with Cronus and the victors cast Ophion and Clymene into Tartarus. Cronus and Rhea then became the rulers of Olympus and the Titans.
  • Clymene, name of a or two Nereid(s).[3][4][5]
  • Clymene, an Amazon.[6]
  • Clymene, an "ox-eyed" servant of Helen.[7] She was a daughter of Aethra[8] by Hippalces,[9] thus half-sister to Theseus and a distant relative to Menelaus.[10] She and her mother were taken by Helen to Troy as handmaidens, and were released by Acamas and Demophon after the fall of Troy.[11]
  • Clymene, daughter of Catreus, a king of Crete, and the son of Minos. She and her sister Aerope were given to Nauplius to be sold away, as Catreus feared the possibility of being killed by one of his children. Nauplius took Clymene to wife, and by him she became mother of Palamedes, Oeax and Nausimedon.[12]
  • Clymene, daughter of Minyas, wife of either Cephalus[13] or Phylacus,[14] and mother of Iphiclus and Alcimede.[15] Some sources call her Periclymene[16] or Eteoclymene,[17] while according to others, Periclymene and Eteoclymene were the names of her sisters.[18] Alternately, this Clymene was the wife of Iasus and mother by him of Atalanta.[19]
  • Clymene, wife of Merops of Miletus, and mother of Pandareus.
  • Clymene, possible mother of Myrtilus by Hermes.[20]
  • Clymene, a nymph, mother of Tlesimenes by Parthenopaeus.[21]
  • Clymene, one of the Trojan women taken captive at the end of the Trojan War.[22] She might or might not be the same as the servant of Helen mentioned above.
  • Clymene and Dictys were honored in Athens as the saviors of Perseus and had an altar dedicated to them.[23]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Russell, William F. (1989). Classic myths to read aloud. New York: Three Rivers Press. ISBN 9780307774439.
  2. ^ Barchers, Suzanne I. (2001). From Atalanta to Zeus : readers theatre from Greek mythology. Englewood, Colo.: Teacher Ideas Press. p. 192. ISBN 9781563088155.
  3. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, Preface
  4. ^ Homer, Iliad, 18. 47
  5. ^ Virgil, Georgics, 4. 345
  6. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 163
  7. ^ Homer, Iliad, 3. 144
  8. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 5. 13
  9. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 3. 144
  10. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 1. 5. Atreus, the father of Menelaus, and Pittheus, the father of Aethra, were brothers.
  11. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 6. 2
  12. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 2. 2; Epitome of Book 4, 6. 8; also 2. 1. 5 for Nausimedon
  13. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 29. 6
  14. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 45; on Odyssey, 11. 326
  15. ^ Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 45 - 47 & 233
  16. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 14
  17. ^ Stesichorus, fragment 45
  18. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 230
  19. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 9. 2
  20. ^ Scholia on Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 1. 752
  21. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 71
  22. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 10. 26 1 with reference to Stesichorus, The Sack of Troy
  23. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 18. 1
  24. ^ "356217 Clymene (2009 SA101)". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 6 February 2018.