Callirrhoe (Oceanid)

In Greek mythology, Callirrhoe (Ancient Greek: Καλλιρρόη or Καλλιρόη or Καλλιρρόης means 'beautiful flow') was one of the Oceanids, daughters of Titans Oceanus and Tethys.[1][2] Variations of her name were Callirhoe or Callirrhoë.

FamilyEdit

Callirhoe had consorted with Chrysaor, Neilus, Poseidon and Manes. By Chrysaor, she became the mother of the monsters Geryon[3] and Echidna[4] while Chione was her daughter by the river-god of Egypt, Neilus.[5] Meanwhile, to Poseidon, she borne Minyas, founder of Minyan Orchomenus[6] and Cotys, a king of Maeonia was her child by Manes.[7]

MythologyEdit

Callirhoe was the naiad who became the companion of Persephone when the daughter of Demeter was abducted by the lord of the dead, Hades.[8] She was one of the three ancestors of the Tyrians, along with Abarbarea and Drosera.[9]

LegacyEdit

Jupiter's moon Callirrhoe is named after her.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 351. English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Theogony. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914.
  2. ^ Kerényi, Carl (1951). The Gods of the Greeks. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 41.
  3. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 287 & 981; Apollodorus, 2.5.10; Hyginus, Fabulae Preface & 151; Stesichorus, fr. 512-513 & 587
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony 270-300. Though Herbert Jennings Rose says simply that it is "not clear which parents are meant", Athanassakis, p. 44, says that Phorcys and Ceto are the "more likely candidates for parents of this hideous creature who proceeded to give birth to a series of monsters and scourges". The problem arises from the ambiguous referent of the pronoun "she" in line 295 of the Theogony. While some have read this "she" as referring to Callirhoe (e.g. Smith "Echidna"; Morford, p. 162), according to Clay, p. 159 n. 32, "the modern scholarly consensus" reads Ceto, see for example Gantz, p. 22; Caldwell, pp. 7, 46 295–303; Grimal, "Echidna" p. 143.
  5. ^ Servius Commentary on the Aeneid of Virgil, 4.250, ed. by Georgius Thilo
  6. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, Alexandra 875
  7. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities Book 1.27.1. Translated by Earnest Cary (1879-19??) and Edward Spelman (d. 1767), from the Loeb Classical Library edition of 1937
  8. ^ Homeric Hymn to Demeter 2.417
  9. ^ Nonnus, Dionysiaca, 40.535 ff

ReferencesEdit