Ministry of Culture (China)

The Ministry of Culture (MOC) was a ministry of the government of the People's Republic of China which was dissolved on 19 March 2018.[1] The responsibilities of the MOC, which were assumed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, encompassed cultural policy and activities in the country, including managing national museums and monuments; promoting and protecting the arts (including censorship of visual, folk, theatrical, musical, dance, architectural, literary, televisual and cinematographic works); and managing the national archives and regional culture centers. Its headquarters were in Chaoyang District, Beijing.[2]

Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Wénhuàbù
Agency overview
FormedSeptember 1954; 69 years ago (1954-09)
Dissolved19 March 2018; 6 years ago (2018-03-19)
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction China
Minister responsible
Parent agencyState Council



In 1955, the Ministry of Culture sought to develop rural cultural networks to distribute media like other performances, lantern slides, books, cinema, radio, books, and to establish newspaper reading groups.[3]: 48 

On March 9, 1958, the Ministry of Culture held a meeting to introduce a Great Leap Forward in cinema.[4]: 149–150  During the Great Leap Forward, the film industry rapidly expanded, with documentary films being the genre that experienced the greatest growth.[4]: 150  The number of film-screening venues, including both urban cinemas and mobile projectionist units that traveled through rural China, also radically increased during the this period.[4]: 150 

During the Cultural Revolution, in 1970 the communist party deemed the cultural politics of the ministry so disruptive that it was dissolved and a Culture Group was established within the State Council.[5]: 160 

In 1998, the Ministry of Culture revived the practice of mobile rural cinema as part of its 2131 Project which aimed to screen one movie pert month per village in rural China and upgrade analog equipment to digital projectors.[3]: 246 

The duty of the ministry was to digitize and preserve public domain works, and make them available and accessible to every citizen. China had millions of public domain works, including but not limited to books, pictures, music and films.[6][7]

List of ministers

Cai Wu, former Minister of Culture
No. Name Took office Left office
1 Shen Yanbing (better by the pen name Mao Dun) October 1949 January 1965
2 Lu Dingyi January 1965 June 1966
3 Xiao Wangdong (acting) June 1966 January 1967
post abolished
Wu De (head of the Cultural Group of the State Council) June 1970 January 1975
4 Yu Huiyong January 1975 October 1976
5 Huang Zhen December 1977 December 1980
6 Zhou Weizhi (acting) December 1980 April 1982
7 Zhu Muzhi April 1982 March 1986
8 Wang Meng March 1986 September 1989
9 He Jingzhi August 1989 November 1992
10 Liu Zhongde November 1992 March 1998
11 Sun Jiazheng March 1998 March 2008
12 Cai Wu March 2008 December 2014
13 Luo Shugang December 2014 March 2018

See also



  1. ^ 雒树刚被任命为首位文化和旅游部部长(附简历). (in Chinese). 2018-03-19.
  2. ^ Home Archived 2010-12-06 at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Culture of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved on December 22, 2010. "Contact us Address: No.10, Chaoyangmen Beidajie, Chaoyang District, Beijing,100020 Tel:86-10-59881114"
  3. ^ a b Li, Jie (2023). Cinematic Guerillas: Propaganda, Projectionists, and Audiences in Socialist China. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231206273.
  4. ^ a b c Qian, Ying (2024). Revolutionary Becomings: Documentary Media in Twentieth-Century China. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231204477.
  5. ^ Minami, Kazushi (2024). People's Diplomacy: How Americans and Chinese Transformed US-China Relations during the Cold War. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 9781501774157.
  6. ^ Mielnicki, Marcin. "European libraries and Google cooperate in digitization - Digital Libraries and Knowledge Platforms Department".
  7. ^ Dobusch, Leonhard (5 December 2015). "Public Domain on Trial in Reiss-Engelhorn Museum vs. Wikimedia et al".