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Minister of Foreign Affairs (Norway)

The Minister of Foreign Affairs (Bokmål: Utenriksministeren, Nynorsk: Utanriksministeren) is a councilor of state and chief of the Norway's Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since 20 October 2017, the position has been held by Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide of the Conservative Party.[1]

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway
Utenriksministeren
Statsikon.svg
Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide 20090830-1.JPG
Incumbent
Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide

since 20 October 2017
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Member ofCouncil of State
SeatVictoria Terrasse, Oslo
NominatorPrime Minister of Norway
AppointerMonarch
With approval of Parliament
Term lengthNo fixed length
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Norway
Formation7 July 1905
First holderJørgen Løvland
SuccessionSecond to Prime Minister
DeputyState secretaries at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs
WebsiteOfficial website

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, based at Victoria Terrasse, Oslo, is responsible for Norway's relation with foreign countries, including diplomacy and diplomatic missions, trade, foreign aid and cooperation with international organisations. Except during the four in which a Deputy of the Prime Minister of Norway was appointed, the Minister of Foreign Affairs ranks second in the cabinet after the Prime Minister and is his deputy.[2]

Contents

HistoryEdit

The position was created on 7 June 1905, the day Norway declared independence from Sweden, with the Liberal Party's Jørgen Løvland as the inaugural.[3] Forty people from five parties have held the position, all men excepting the current officeholder. From 1983 to 2013 the Minister of International Development, which was responsible for issues related to foreign aid, was attached to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[4]

Notable officeholdersEdit

Halvard Lange (Labour) is the longest-serving, having held the position for more than eighteen years in four cabinets. The shortest-serving is the fellow party member, Edvard Bull, Sr., who held the position for the sixteen days that Hornsrud's Cabinet lasted. Johan Ludwig Mowinckel (Liberal) was appointed four times as minister. Three people have sat concurrently as Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs: Løvland, Mowinckel and Ivar Lykke (Conservative). Three officeholders would later become Prime Minister: Løvland, Mowinckel and Kjell Magne Bondevik (Christian Democratic). Two former Prime Ministers have held the office: John Lyng (Conservative) and Thorbjørn Jagland (Labour). Trygve Lie (Labour) resigned from the office to become the inaugural Secretary-General of the United Nations. Two people have died while in office: Knut Frydenlund and Johan Jørgen Holst (both Labour).

List of MinistersEdit

The following lists the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, their party, date of assuming and leaving office, their tenure in years and days, and the cabinet they served in.

Legend

  Centre Party
  Christian Democratic Party
  Conservative Party
  Labour Party
  Liberal Party

Portrait Name Party Took office Left office Tenure Cabinet Ref
  Jørgen Løvland Liberal 7 June 1905 19 March 1908 2 years, 258 days Michelsen
Løvland
[3][5]
  Wilhelm Christopher Christophersen Liberal 19 March 1908 2 February 1910 1 year, 321 days Knudsen I [6]
  Johannes Irgens Conservative 2 February 1910 20 February 1912 2 years, 19 days Konow [7]
  Nils Claus Ihlen Liberal 20 February 1912 21 June 1920 8 years, 121 days Bratlie
Knudsen II
[8][9]
  Christian Fredrik Michelet Conservative 21 June 1920 21 June 1921 1 year, 2 days Bahr Halvorsen I [10]
Arnold Christopher Ræstad Liberal 21 June 1921 31 May 1922 0 years, 345 days Blehr II [11]
  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal 31 May 1922 6 March 1923 0 years, 280 days Blehr II [11]
  Christian Fredrik Michelet Conservative 6 March 1923 25 July 1924 1 year, 112 days Bahr Halvorsen II
Berge
[12][13]
  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal 25 July 1924 5 March 1926 1 year, 224 days Mowinckel I [14]
  Ivar Lykke Conservative 5 March 1926 28 January 1928 1 year, 323 days Lykke [15]
  Edvard Bull, Sr. Labour 28 January 1928 15 February 1928 0 years, 18 days Hornsrud [16]
  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal 15 February 1928 12 May 1931 1 year, 88 days Mowinckel II [17]
  Birger Braadland Agrarian 12 May 1931 3 March 1933 1 year, 296 days Kolstad
Hundseid
[18][19]
  Johan Ludwig Mowinckel Liberal 3 March 1933 20 March 1935 2 years, 20 days Mowinckel III [20]
  Halvdan Koht Labour 20 March 1935 19 November 1940 5 years, 245 days Nygaardsvold [21]
  Trygve Lie Labour 19 November 1940 2 February 1946 6 years, 76 days Nygaardsvold
Gerhardsen I
Gerhardsen II
[21][22][23]
  Halvard Lange Labour 2 February 1946 28 August 1963 17 years, 208 days Gerhardsen II
Torp
Gerhardsen III
[23][24][25]
  Erling Wikborg Christian Democratic 28 August 1963 25 September 1963 0 years, 28 days Lyng [26]
  Halvard Lange Labour 25 September 1963 12 October 1965 1 year, 18 days Gerhardsen IV [27]
John Lyng Conservative 12 October 1965 22 May 1970 4 years, 66 days Borten [28]
  Svenn Stray Conservative 22 May 1970 17 March 1971 0 years, 300 days Borten [28]
Andreas Zeier Cappelen Labour 17 March 1971 18 August 1972 1 year, 155 days Bratteli I [29]
Dagfinn Vårvik Centre 18 August 1972 16 October 1973 1 year, 60 days Korvald [30]
  Knut Frydenlund Labour 16 October 1973 14 October 1981 7 years, 363 days Bratteli II
Nordli
Brundtland I
[31][32][33]
  Svenn Stray Conservative 14 October 1981 9 May 1986 4 years, 219 days Willoch I
Willoch II
[34]
  Knut Frydenlund Labour 9 May 1986 26 February 1987 2 years, 36 days Brundtland II [35]
  Johan Jørgen Holst Labour 26 February 1987 9 March 1987 0 years, 12 days Brundtland II [35]
  Thorvald Stoltenberg Labour 9 March 1987 16 October 1989 0 years, 179 days Brundtland II [35]
  Kjell Magne Bondevik Christian Democratic 16 October 1989 3 November 1990 1 year, 19 days Syse [36]
  Thorvald Stoltenberg Labour 3 November 1990 2 April 1993 2 years, 150 days Brundtland III [37]
  Johan Jørgen Holst Labour 2 April 1993 13 January 1994 2 years, 287 days Brundtland III [37]
  Bjørn Tore Godal Labour 24 January 1994 17 October 1997 3 years, 267 days Brundtland III
Jagland
[37][38]
  Knut Vollebæk Christian Democratic 17 October 1997 21 March 2000 2 year, 156 days Bondevik I [39]
  Torbjørn Jagland Labour 21 March 2000 19 October 2001 1 year, 213 days Stoltenberg I [40]
  Jan Petersen Conservative 19 October 2001 17 October 2005 3 years, 364 days Bondevik II [41]
  Jonas Gahr Støre Labour 17 October 2005 21 September 2012 6 years, 340 days Stoltenberg II [42]
  Espen Barth Eide Labour 21 September 2012 16 October 2013 1 year, 25 days Stoltenberg II [42]
  Børge Brende Conservative 16 October 2013 20 October 2017 4 years, 4 days Solberg [43]
  Ine Marie Eriksen Søreide Conservative 20 October 2017 Incumbent 1 year, 330 days Solberg [1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Ask, Alf Ole (2017-10-20). "Tre bytter i Regjeringen – Ine Eriksen Søreide første kvinnelige utenriksminister" (Norwegian). Aftenposten. Retrieved 2017-10-20.
  2. ^ "Deputy to the Norwegian Prime Minister". Government.no. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ a b "Christian Michelsen's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Solberg kutter bistandsministeren" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. 16 October 2013.
  5. ^ "Jøgen Løvland's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  6. ^ "Gunnar Knudsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  7. ^ "Wollert Konow's (S.B.) Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ "Jens Bratlie's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  9. ^ "Gunnar Knudsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. ^ "Otto B. Halvorsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  11. ^ a b "Otto Blehr's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. ^ "Otto B. Halvorsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  13. ^ "Abraham Berge's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  14. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  15. ^ "Ivar Lykke's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  16. ^ "Christopher Hornsrud's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 20 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  17. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  18. ^ "Peder Kolstad's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 17 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  19. ^ "Jens Hundseid's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  20. ^ "Johan Ludwig Mowinckel's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  21. ^ a b "Johan Nygaardsvoll's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 28 September 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  22. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  23. ^ a b "Einar Gerhardsen's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 8 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  24. ^ "Oscar Torp's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  25. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  26. ^ "John Lyng's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  27. ^ "Einar Gerhardsen's Fourth Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 10 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  28. ^ a b "Per Borten's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  29. ^ "Trygve Bratteli's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  30. ^ "Lars Korvald's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  31. ^ "Trygve Bratteli's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  32. ^ "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  33. ^ "Gro Harlem Brundtland's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  34. ^ "Odvar Nordli's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  35. ^ a b c "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  36. ^ "Jan Syse's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  37. ^ a b c "Gro Harlem Brundtland's Third Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 3 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  38. ^ "Thorbjørn Jagland's Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  39. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  40. ^ "Jens Stoltenberg's First Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 31 July 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  41. ^ "Kjell Magne Bondevik's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  42. ^ a b "Jens Stoltenberg's Second Government". Government.no. Archived from the original on 11 April 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2012. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  43. ^ "Erna Solberg's Government". Government.no. 16 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013.

External linksEdit