Jonas Gahr Støre

Jonas Gahr Støre (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈjùːnɑs gɑˈʂtø̂ːrə];[1] born 25 August 1960) is a Norwegian politician who has served as the prime minister of Norway since 2021 and has been Leader of the Labour Party since 2014. He served under Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 2005 to 2012 and as Minister of Health and Care Services from 2012 to 2013. He has been a Member of the Storting for Oslo since 2009.

Jonas Gahr Støre
Nordic prime ministers’ meeting in Helsinki 1.11.2022 - 52469398971 (cropped).jpg
Støre in 2022
Prime Minister of Norway
Assumed office
14 October 2021
MonarchHarald V
Preceded byErna Solberg
Leader of the Opposition
In office
14 June 2014 – 14 October 2021
MonarchHarald V
Prime MinisterErna Solberg
Preceded byJens Stoltenberg
Succeeded byErna Solberg
Leader of the Labour Party
Assumed office
14 June 2014
First DeputyHelga Pedersen
Hadia Tajik
Second DeputyTrond Giske
Bjørnar Skjæran
Preceded byJens Stoltenberg
Minister of Health and Care Services
In office
21 September 2012 – 16 October 2013
Prime MinisterJens Stoltenberg
Preceded byAnne-Grete Strøm-Erichsen
Succeeded byBent Høie
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
17 October 2005 – 21 September 2012
Prime MinisterJens Stoltenberg
Preceded byJan Petersen
Succeeded byEspen Barth Eide
Member of the Storting
for Oslo
Assumed office
1 October 2009
DeputyTruls Wickholm
Vegard Grøslie Wennesland
Frode Jacobsen
Personal details
Born (1960-08-25) 25 August 1960 (age 62)
Oslo, Norway
Political partyLabour (since 1995)
Other political
affiliations
Conservative (before 1989)
SpouseMarit Slagsvold
Children3
Alma materRoyal Norwegian Naval Academy
Sciences Po
Military service
Allegiance Norway
Branch/serviceCoat of arms of the Royal Norwegian Navy.svg Navy

Støre grew up in West End Oslo and is a multimillionaire. He underwent naval officer training at the Norwegian Naval Academy and then studied political science at Sciences Po in Paris from 1981 to 1985. Originally associated with the Conservative Party, he was a career special adviser and director-general in the Prime Minister's Office from 1989 to 1997, serving under prime ministers Jan Syse, Gro Harlem Brundtland, and Thorbjørn Jagland. He became known as a protégé of Brundtland in the 1990s, and her mentorship inspired him to become a member of the Labour Party in 1995. In 1998, he followed Brundtland to the World Health Organization, where he became her chief of staff. Støre was State Secretary and Chief of Staff in the Prime Minister's Office in the first government of Jens Stoltenberg; the government was inspired by New Labour and oversaw the most widespread privatization in Norwegian history. He later served as Secretary-General of the Norwegian Red Cross from 2003 to 2005.[2] Like his political mentors Brundtland and Stoltenberg, Støre is associated with the business-friendly right-wing of the Labour Party. When he joined the cabinet in 2005, he was perceived as part of a group of "West End executives" and confidants of Stoltenberg that represented a shift to the right.[3] His tenure as foreign minister nevertheless made him the most popular member of the cabinet.[4]

Despite the Labour Party receiving 1% fewer votes and losing one seat, the centre-left won a majority in the 2021 Norwegian parliamentary election. As the leader of the largest party, Støre was the clear favourite for the role of prime minister. Two days after the resignation of Erna Solberg and her government on 12 October 2021, Støre was appointed as prime minister by King Harald V, leading a minority government with the Centre Party.[5]

BackgroundEdit

FamilyEdit

Born in Oslo, Støre is the son of the wealthy ship broker Ulf Jonas Støre (1925–2017) and librarian Unni Gahr (1931–2021).[6] He grew up in the Ris neighbourhood in West End Oslo.[7] Støre is a multi-millionaire, with a fortune of around 60,000,000 NOK (approx. US$7,100,000 in 2016).[8] He owns a large part of the family company Femstø. Most of the family fortune comes from the 1977 sale of Norwegian company Jøtul, which was run by his maternal grandfather Johannes Gahr.[9] Støre's paternal grandfather was prominent business executive Jonas Henry Støre, the CEO and chairman of explosives manufacturer Norsk Sprængstofindustri. Støre's great-grandfather Paul Edvart Støre was a Conservative Party mayor and deputy member of the Norwegian parliament from Levanger, and the family were affluent farmers in Trøndelag in the 19th century.[10]

Støre is married to Marit Slagsvold, a sociologist and priest in the state Church of Norway.[11][12] They have three sons, who attended Oslo Waldorf School.[13][14][15] Støre is a professed Christian and a member of the state church.[16]

Education and early careerEdit

Støre attended Berg School in Oslo, then underwent naval officer training at the Royal Norwegian Naval Academy. He later studied political science for five years at Sciences Po in Paris.[6]

In 1986 Støre was briefly a teaching fellow in the Harvard Negotiation Project at Harvard Law School.[17] From 1986 to 1989 he was a researcher at the Norwegian School of Management, working on the Scenarier 2000 project with sociologist Andreas Hompland and economist Petter Nore.[18]

Career in public administrationEdit

Støre was previously affiliated with the Conservative Party, and applied for a position as a political advisor on foreign affairs for the party in the 1980s.[19] He was offered the job but subsequently turned it down.[19] In 1989, Støre became special adviser in the prime minister's office of Gro Harlem Brundtland.[19] Brundtland's mentorship inspired him to become a member of the Labour Party in 1995, when he also became a director-general (ekspedisjonssjef) in the Prime Minister's Office. From 1998, he was executive director (Chief of Staff) in the World Health Organization under the leadership of Gro Harlem Brundtland.[18]

Støre was executive chairman of the ECON Analyse think tank from 2002 to 2003, and secretary general of the Norwegian Red Cross from 2003 to 2005.

Political careerEdit

Chief of staffEdit

Støre was State Secretary and Chief of Staff in the Prime Minister's Office in the first government of Jens Stoltenberg from 2000 to 2001. The government was inspired by the British Labour Party's New Labour agenda and oversaw the most widespread privatization in Norwegian history.[20][21]

Foreign MinisterEdit

 
Støre and Jens Stoltenberg with US President George W. Bush during the NATO Summit in April 2008

In 2005, Støre was appointed foreign minister in Jens Stoltenberg's government, serving in that position until 2012. When he joined the cabinet he was perceived as part of a group of "West End executives" and confidants of Stoltenberg that represented a shift to the right.[3] Nevertheless, numerous polls showed that Støre was the most popular member of the Stoltenberg government.[22]

In 2006, Støre voiced concern over the 2006 Lebanon War. Støre called Israel's reaction "totally unacceptable" and referred to it as "a dangerous escalation," while also condemning Hezbollah's attack on Israeli soldiers.[23]

Store criticized the expansion of influence of the G20 in response to the financial crisis of 2007–2008, calling it "sorely lacking in legitimacy" and comparing it to the Congress of Vienna.[24]

Assassination attemptsEdit

On 14 January 2008, a suicide bomber struck the Serena Hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, where Støre was staying.[25] Støre was unhurt in the incident, which killed six people including Norwegian journalist Carsten Thomassen.[26] United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon stated that Støre was the target of the attack,[27] but this claim was rejected by a Taliban spokesperson.[28] Støre canceled the rest of his visit to Afghanistan the day after the attack.[29]

On 20 July 2011, Støre was one of the main targets of Anders Behring Breivik's attacks.[30]

Health MinisterEdit

On 21 September 2012, Jens Stoltenberg commenced a cabinet reshuffle, and moved Støre to head the Ministry of Health and Care Services. He was succeeded as foreign minister by Espen Barth Eide. While serving as health minister, he was nicknamed Helse-Jonas (Health Jonas).[31]

Member of ParliamentEdit

In the 2009 general election in Norway, Støre was elected to the Norwegian parliament, the Stortinget, representing Oslo. He has been re-elected since.

As a member of parliament Støre nominated one of the two recipients of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize, Maria Ressa.[32][33]

Leader of the Labour PartyEdit

On 14 June 2014, he was elected leader of Labour Party, succeeding Jens Stoltenberg, who had been appointed Secretary General of NATO. He also became Leader of the Opposition. Støre led the party into the 2017 Norwegian parliamentary election, but the red-green coalition lost by four seats needed for a majority of 85 seats. His party was criticised for taking victory for granted.[34] In late 2017, several women alleged that the party deputy leader Trond Giske had behaved inappropriately against them. Initially, Støre stated that Giske hadn't behaved as such after an internal discussion regarding the matter. In early January 2018, Giske decided to resign as deputy leader as a result of the allegations, while reasoning from the party was also given that he had breached rules of sexual misconduct.[35][36] Giske's successor, Bjørnar Skjæran, was nominated on 19 March 2019. Following the nomination, Støre praised Skjæran, saying he would be the clear voice from the North.[37]

Støre led the party into the 2021 Norwegian parliamentary election, this time securing the red-green coalition a majority with 89 seats (85 being needed for a majority), defeating the blue-blue coalition led by incumbent prime minister Erna Solberg.[38] Pre-government negotiations began on 23 September in Hurdal, after the Centre Party became open to working with the Socialist Left Party. On 29 September, the Socialist Left Party withdrew from negotiations, notably citing disagreements on issues such as petroleum and welfare. Støre expressed disappointment and said he had hoped for a different outcome, but added he respected the party's decision.[39][40] The Labour Party and Centre Party began government negotiations later that same day.[41] On 8 October, Støre and Vedum announced that the new government's platform would be presented on 13 October and that they were ready to form a government the day after, on 14 October.[42] After Eva Kristin Hansen was nominated as the Labour Party's candidate for President of the Storting, Støre presented the proposal in the Storting on 9 October, and the vote to confirm her happened in writing. Hansen was confirmed with 160 votes in favour and 8 abstaining.[43]

Prime Minister (2021–present)Edit

 
Støre with US President Joe Biden and Jake Sullivan in January 2022
 
Støre with Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin in May 2022
 
Støre with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy in July 2022

Støre was appointed prime minister on 14 October 2021, following his party's victory in the parliamentary election held in September. He formed a minority government, with the Labour Party and Centre Party.

DomesticEdit

Støre made his government's ascension declaration on 18 October, reiterating major parts of the government platform. These included "to combat social dumping and carry out a major clean-up in Norwegian working life to secure permanent, full-time positions with Norwegian pay and working conditions", to remove general access to temporary hiring, to limit hiring, to fight work-related crime, and to stop the release of the taxi industry. As regards industrial policy, Støre commented that "to succeed, we must ensure that Norwegian natural resources, including reasonably renewable energy, remain a competitive advantage for Norwegian industry", while also announcing a green industry initiative where the state would participate to get new industry up and running. Regarding regional policy, Støre said that the government would put forward a case to the Storting to separate Troms and Finnmark once again, and doing the same for Viken, if the county council should wish to do so. In regard to transport, Støre stated that "the prices on national and county road ferries shall be halved during the four-year period", while also reiterating the promise of free ferries between islands and communities without a road connection to the mainland. This also included ferry connections carrying under 100 000 passengers annually.[44] Støre also announced that his government would act to reduce the increased electricity prices, and indicated that this could be in place within a short timespan.[45]

In a parliamentary session a week after assuming office, Støre defended the idea of increasing the sales tax on more expensive electric cars. He said that the money earned could be used to construct new charging stations. He further said that his government would initiate discussions with the European Union about how to strengthen their cooperation to reach the climate goals.[46] Conservative Party leader Erna Solberg also called on Støre to clarify his government's strategy to tackle COVID-19, following a recent spike in hospital admissions. Støre responded that his government was following the COVID-19 situation and would inform the Storting and public if necessary. He also notably said: "Something must have happened since Thursday until today that gives cause for concern when one now wants a briefing from the Prime Minister in the Storting." He also said that the government had not received any messages from health authorities that would give cause for deep concern.[47]

In an October 2021 interview with the Financial Times, Støre said that if Norway were to halt its petroleum industry, it would only contribute to a further struggle to reach the climate goals. He went on to say "we should develop towards a transition [from fossil fuels to green energy], not close it [the fossil fuels industry] down". Støre further added that it was a paradox that Norway, as Western Europe's largest petroleum producer, also spent significant funds on investment in green technology such as electric cars, carbon capture and storage and offshore wind power. Regarding the country's petroleum fund, he said it was political, but was driven by professionals whose aim was to gain much in return for an acceptable risk. He also emphasised that it was up to the government and Storting to set the boundaries for the fund.[48]

On 27 October, Støre announced a decrease in the fuel tax to be implemented in the 2022 state budget, while expressing concern about the increasing electricity costs. He said the revised budget would be presented on 8 November, adding: "We also want a policy that cuts taxes that hit ordinary people. Both in terms of taxes on fuel and electricity, we will look at this in our additional budget." He also said that the financial situation of municipalities should be strengthened so they could offer better welfare services.[49]

On 12 November, Støre announced that his government would be introducing new national COVID-19 measures. These would include allowing municipalities to introduce COVID-19 passports; offering everyone over the age of 18 a booster vaccine dose; tightening the rules on who is in need of testing; and introducing new rules for unvaccinated health personnel. He also stated that the government was considering more extensive use of the COVID-19 certificate, and that they planned for everyone over the age of 18 to be offered a third vaccine dose next year.[50]

On 29 November, Støre, minister of finance Trygve Slagsvold Vedum and Socialist Left leader Audun Lysbakken presented their re-negotiated state budget for 2022. Støre called it a "good budget [that] has become better". He reiterated that the budget showed that it was "normal people's turn". The negotiations had originally begun on 15 November; the party leaders had been called in the weekend before the budget presentation.[51]

On 2 December, Støre, his government and health officials announced measures against the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant. Some of the measures were reiterated from previous COVID-19 measures, notably that people should keep distance between themselves, and wearing masks on public transport. In addition, the measures called for people to wear masks in malls and shops and while in contact with health services; not to hug or give handshakes; and for businesses to work from home in a manner that would not affect essential services.[52]

On 5 December, Støre expressed hope that a plan to deal with the ongoing electricity price crisis would be figured out before Christmas. He stated that the solution might involve additional money, and emphasised that the scheme had to work and that the government would make sure that it did. He added that the purpose of the plan was to help the most vulnerable, and that it had to be done in a fail-safe way and would not apply to everyone in Norway.[53]

On 7 December, Støre and his government put forward further COVID-19 measures. Of the new measures, Støre said: "We should have sincerely hoped that we were done with the corona pandemic now and hoped for a long time that Christmas could be as before and as normal, but now the situation with infection is still so serious that we must take new measures." He further stated that the danger of overloading the health service and the spread of the omicron variant made new measures necessary. The measures covered the following: distance and social contact, leisure activities, schools, kindergartens and after-school programs, labour and ventilation.[54] Two days later, Støre didn't rule out that further measures could be announced, although they could perhaps include a few adjustments to already presented measures.[55]

At a press conference held on 11 December, Støre, alongside Vedum and minister of petroleum and energy Marte Mjøs Persen, announced a new security scheme to battle the rising electricity prices. In particular, if the average market price of power were to exceed 70 øre per kilowatt hour for a month, the state would compensate half of the price above this level. The scheme would last throughout December and through March 2022. Støre notably said: "We present a security scheme that will meet the situation that ordinary people experience with extraordinary electricity costs."[56]

On 13 December, Støre and his government announced further measures to battle COVID-19 and the omicron variant. The measures were said to be to prevent hospitals being overwhelmed and to protect socially critical functions. He stressed that the situation had become more critical and that the measures were put in place to maintain control of the pandemic. He also stressed that it was important to shield children, young people, and vulnerable groups, and that the measures would be noticed in people's everyday life.[57]

In early January 2022, Støre said that COVID-19 measures should not be in place any longer than necessary. He also stated that having a yellow clearance level in upper secondary schools was a target for them, and eventually getting it to green by more testing. He emphasised that the country was not in lockdown but had strict measures that understandably had ramifications for people.[58]

On 8 January, Støre and Vedum said that the electricity support would be increased from 55 to 80% until at least March. He stated that the government would stand up against the electricity crisis in the next years should it happen again, and also defended the government's scheme, saying: "The scheme is good, because it allows us to quickly and accurately compensate all the country's consumers, by directly providing a subsidy to the electricity bill." Støre added that the government expected the prices to drop come spring, as they usually did, and that a similar scheme could be necessary should the prices rise again during future winters.[59] On 13 January, the government announced the lifting of a few COVID-19 measures, and a few changes to others. Støre warned that it might be necessary to adjust the measures to be stricter in the future, and said that a new evaluation would be made in early February.[60]

On 12 February, Støre and his government announced the lifting of almost all measures against COVID-19, notably social distancing and mandatory mask wearing. Remaining measures included practising good hand and coughing hygienes, following the vaccine program, and getting tested for possible symptoms. Støre reiterated that the pandemic was not over, citing the current situation in the midst of an ongoing omicron wave.[61]

On 20 April, Støre issued an apology to the queer community, marking the 50th anniversary of the abolishment of anti-homosexual legislation in Norway. He stated: "119 people were criminalized and punished for their love life. They had to go through trials, convictions and imprisonment. They faced public shame and condemnation. Through legislation, but also through a network of sanctions, we as a nation and society clearly stated that we did not accept queer love. The government wants to apologize for that."[62]

On 16 June, following the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and Defence's vote on Swedish and Finnish NATO membership, Støre and all opposition parties criticised the Red Party for voting against approval, calling it "unsolitary". Støre specifically said: "The Red Party's view gives an impression for basic unsolitary actions".[63]

In early August, Støre stated that his government would "do what's necessary" to combat the electricity prices and added that a maximum price was one of several measures that was being considered. He also stated that another measure was to limit how much power companies can pay for electricity, while also no measures would be "undivided positive".[64]

Following the Norwegian Directorate of Fisheries's decision to euthanise Freya the Walrus, Støre expressed support for the decision. Regarding the massive response to the walrus' death, he said: "I am not surprised that this has led to many international reactions. Norway is a maritime nation, sometimes we have to make unpopular decisions. I myself have been in discussions about minke whales and seals. These reactions are not new".[65]

In September, he said that the state budget for 2023 could be "disappointing", noting that several promises from the Hurdal platform would have to be put on hold.[66]

At an unexpected press conference held on 28 September, Støre and finance minister Trygve Slagsvold Vedum announced that the government would be taking in 33 billion NOK from the power producers and aquaculture industries. Støre stated: "For this government, it is not relevant to cover the costs with large cuts, that is an alternative, we do not choose that. We have so far placed great emphasis on protecting the welfare state. For this government, it is not relevant to increase taxes for ordinary people". The aquaculture industry went out against the possibility of a basic interest tax for aquaculture and expressed that it would "shut off the lights along the coast".[67]

On 3 November, in preparation for the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference, Støre announced that his government would be increasing the climate goal from 50% to 55%. His environment minister, Espen Barth Eide, added that this change would include every sector and climate gasses.[68]

Response to terrorismEdit

Following the Kongsberg attack a day before he assumed office, Støre and minister of justice Emilie Enger Mehl visited the city the day after, where they put down flowers in memory of the victims. Støre said that the visit was also intended to show solidarity with the people of Kongsberg.[69]

Following the 2022 Oslo shooting, Støre said that "we know that queer people are the targets of hate, threats and violence. The hate against trans people is particularly severe. We will not accept that in Norway."[70]

ForeignEdit

 
Støre (left) with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken in 2022

Støre and his government announced that they would send observers to a summit about a nuclear ban in Vienna in early 2022. By doing this, Norway would become the only NATO country to do so. The action was notably praised by ICAN Norway, with coordinator Tove Widskjold saying that Norway would send important signals to allied countries that nuclear weapons are unacceptable. The Conservative Party parliamentary leader Trond Helleland cast doubt on the action, saying: "The Conservatives are very skeptical of this. Norway should not have any solitude in NATO in relation to this treaty. I assume that the new government intends to show solidarity with the commitments in the NATO membership". When asked if they face an explanation issue, Støre said: "No. When you are an observer, you follow the discussions that take place in one of the areas where disarmament is discussed. Norway has extensive experience in being a driving force in nuclear disarmament."[71]

Støre met with Russian foreign minister Sergei Lavrov on 26 October. Støre stated that they had talked about cooperation in the north, and how to continue with it. He also said that they agreed to have good contact and work together to avoid tensions in the United Nations Security Council.[72]

Støre attended the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference in Glasgow, where he gave a speech, saying: "The Petroleum Fund is the world's largest state owned fund, invested worldwide. Our goal is to make it the leading fund in responsible investments and in managing climate risk". He further said that the fund would base its ownerships on investments from companies who commit themselves to net zero. He also stressed it was time to take the step forward.[73]

At a Nordic Council meeting in Copenhagen on 3 November, Støre said that he wanted to adjust relations with Sweden following the COVID-19 pandemic, while also defending the decision of the previous government to close the border during the pandemic. Swedish politicians from the Christian Democrats and Moderate Party criticised the move, calling it "pandemic nationalism". Støre emphasised that people carry infection and it could appear in a line of people. He also stated that it was a difficult decision to close borders.[74]

On 24 November, after NRK journalists Halvor Ekeland and Lokman Ghorbani were detained in Qatar and released after 30 hours, Støre criticised the country, saying: "The arrest of NRK's journalists in Qatar is unacceptable. A free press is crucial to a functioning democracy". Qatari authorities claimed the journalists were trespassing on private property, and that they knowingly violated common law.[75]

On 10 December, Støre met with the South African president, Cyril Ramaphosa, digitally. Støre notably praised the country's alert about the omicron variant, and their openness about it. He described Ramaphosa's message in the meeting as "expressing solidarity and support" to countries without vaccine coverage. He also had a meeting with the Director-General of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, about the COVID-19 pandemic more generally.[76]

Following the 2022 Ukraine cyberattack, Støre warned "we need to be more alert" and emphasised that Norway also had to be more alert to hybrid attacks and to consider them a threat to society. He said: "I am concerned that we as individuals and companies and institutions must be aware that this is part of our preparedness." He went on to say that the issue of cyber security would be looked at by the new Defence Commission, to be headed by former justice minister Knut Storberget.[77]

Støre visited Berlin on 19 January, where he met with German Chancellor Olaf Scholz. They discussed energy cooperation and the ongoing situation in Ukraine.[78]

Following the deployment of Russian troops to Eastern Ukraine, Støre expresssd concerns about the situation and also condemned the actions by Russia. He also criticised Russian President Vladimir Putin's speech where Russia recognised the Donetsk and Luhansk people's republics as independent countries, and Sergei Lavrov's further comments.[79]

On 27 February, Støre and members of his cabinet announced that Norway would be freezing the Government Pension Fund of Norway's investment in Russia. A process to pull the Oil Fund out of the country over time was also initiated.[80]

On 31 March, Støre had an hour-long phone call with Putin after taking the initiative to do so with Nordic and European allies and the United States. He described the conversation as "possible to reach out" to Putin, and urged him to end the war in Ukraine. He also urged him to open humanitarian corridors in Mariupol and that the war required a negotiated solution.[81]

Støre called Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan's opposition to Swedish and Finnish NATO membership as "surprising". He further commented on Erdogan's claim that "Scandinavia is like a guest house for terrorist organisations", calling it a "completely baseless claim".[82]

On 29 May, marking international solidarity for Belarus, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs announced that it would change the name it used for the country from Hviterussland to Belarus. Of the decision, Støre said: "We believe it is right to change the use of the name, in solidarity with the Belarusian democracy movement".[83]

Following the overruling of Roe v. Wade by the Supreme Court of the United States, Støre and several other Norwegian politicians, including culture minister Anette Trettebergstuen and Conservative Party leader Erna Solberg, criticised the decision. Støre stated: "This is a serious step backwards for women's rights. The 1972 Supreme Court ruling helped secure the right to self-determined abortion in the United States. States can now enact legislation that in practice bans abortion or severely curtails the law, and it will affect women in those states and increase social inequalities". He said that decisions made in the United States would affect Europe and the rest of the world, while also calling for Norway to be on the alert.[84]

Støre visited Kyiv on 1 July, where he met with Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, and announced that Norway would be contributing with 10 billion NOK in aid. The money would notably go to humanitarian aid, reconstruction and support to crucial infrastructure, such as schools and hospitals. Støre also visited the ruins of the city of Yahidne, which he described as "getting an insight into hell on earth".[85]

On 12 August, Støre and foreign minister Anniken Huitfeldt condemned the knife attack on British-Indian author Salman Rushdie. Støre said, "This is shocking news. My thoughts are with Rushdie and his loved ones, and I hope he is doing well. We still don't know anything about the motive for the attack, but it will in any case be read into the debate about religious criticism and freedom of expression, where Rushdie has been an important voice for decades, and has had to live with threats and police protection".[86]

On 24 September, Støre condemned the Iranian regime for its treatment of women and its hijab mandate in the wake of the death of Mahsa Amini; stating: "My deepest condolences to Mahsa Amini's family in Iran and her relatives in Norway. I am deeply concerned about women's rights in Iran and condemn the Iranian authorities' brutal enforcement of the hijab mandate".[87]

On 30 September, Støre condemned the Russian annexation of Kherson Oblast, Zaporizhzhia Oblast, Donetsk Oblast and Luhansk Oblast. He also confirmed that Norway had accepted assistance from other allied countries to tighten security in the Norwegian sector. Regarding the annexations, he stated: "Putin has announced a few hours ago that Russia is incorporating four Ukrainian regions as part of Russia. The annexation of the four regions is without legitimacy. The so-called referendums were carried out under military occupation and are in violation of international law".[88]

Støre attended the inaugural meeting of the European Political Community in Prague, Czech Relublic, on 6 October, along with the leaders of 44 other countries.[89]

At a press conference on 20 October, accompanied by justice minister Emilie Enger Mehl and defence minister Bjørn Arild Gram, Støre warned that the war in Ukraine was reaching a new and dangerous phase. He also warned that the security situation in Europe had become more tense in the wake of the Nord Stream gas leaks.[90]

Støre criticised FIFA President Gianni Infantino's response to criticism of the 2022 FIFA World Cup host nation, Qatar, saying: "I think this does not set the mood for a sports party. It shows how much this is at stake, and how much he feels he has to defend. Having a football president who invites to a party by scolding large parts of the world is not a good start to a sporting event". He also expressed a waiting interest in 2022's edition, noting: "I don't want to rule out that I will see one game or another, but somehow I haven't familiarized myself with the match schedule. It is a slightly different commitment".[91]

Political positionsEdit

Like his political mentors Gro Harlem Brundtland and Jens Stoltenberg, Støre is associated with the business-friendly right wing of the Labour Party.[3]

Foreign policyEdit

Middle EastEdit

During Støre's tenure as Foreign Minister, Norway was one of the first governments of the Western world to recognise the Hamas government.[92] In 2011 it became known that Støre had been in direct contact with Hamas leader Khaled Meshaal.[93][94][95][96][97] Former Conservative Prime Minister Kåre Willoch has also emphasized that dialogue with Hamas is important.[98] Støre has hailed the humanitarian work of Mads Gilbert and Erik Fosse in the Gaza Strip, and both Støre and former Conservative Prime Minister Kåre Willoch wrote endorsements for their book Eyes in Gaza on the Gaza War.[99] Støre wrote that Gilbert and Fosse "have shown great courage and acted in accordance with the best medical traditions, namely by helping the oppressed".[100][101] Støre has condemned Israeli occupation of Palestinian land as contrary to international law.[102] In 2015 Støre said a Labour Party government would recognise the State of Palestine.[103]

ChinaEdit

In a 2015 BBC interview, Støre was criticized by Geir Lundestad, Nobel Prize Committee Secretary, for trying to dissuade the Norwegian Nobel Committee from awarding the prize to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo in 2010, for fear it would strain Norway's business relationship with Beijing. The Nobel committee, chaired by former prime minister Thorbjørn Jagland, ignored the warnings and honored Liu.[104] Subsequently, Støre ruled out apologising to China over the award.[105]

LibyaEdit

As foreign minister, Støre oversaw Norway's participation in the 2011 NATO-led military intervention in Libya. Norway's participation in the intervention was controversial on the far left, and the communist party Red reported him to the police for alleged war crimes.[106]

CriticismEdit

In August 2017, Støre received criticism when it was revealed that workers in a building company hired to do work on his holiday home had not paid taxes or VAT.[107][108][109][110]

Other activitiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ In isolation, Støre is pronounced [ˈstø̂ːrə].
  2. ^ Støre, Jonas Gahr ( 1960- ) Stortinget.no. Retrieved 7 November 2013. (in Norwegian)
  3. ^ a b c "Jens måtte droppe"direktørvennene"". Dagsavisen. Retrieved 14 September 2021. På rekke og rad advarte talerne Jens Stoltenberg mot å velge «blåruss» og «vestkantdirektører» som ikke hadde deltatt i valgkampen og partiarbeidet. Kritikken var rettet mot Grete Faremo Hanne Harlem og Jonas Gahr Støre og den bunnet i en frykt for at de skulle lede partiets kurs til høyre.
  4. ^ "Slik var Støres sju år som utenriksminister". TV2. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Norge har fått ny regjering" (in Norwegian). NRK. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 14 October 2021.
  6. ^ a b Jonas Gahr Støre Store Norske Leksikon. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  7. ^ Jonas Gahr Støre, Norsk biografisk leksikon
  8. ^ "Erna tjener mest og er rikest i regjeringen". 14 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Slik ble Ap-leder Jonas Gahr Støre søkkrik". Nettavisen. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  10. ^ "Støre, Paul Edvart". Levanger kommune. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  11. ^ "Norges neste førstedame – nå er hun prest" [Norway's next first lady – now she is a priest]. Nettavisen. Retrieved 19 September 2021.
  12. ^ Jonas Gahr Støres kone ordineres til prest
  13. ^ Hallgeir Opedal: Internasjonal samlivsterapeut. Dagbladet, 10 July 2013
  14. ^ Moen, Elisabeth Skarsbø. "Støres verdivalg". VG. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Langer ut mot kronprinsparets privatskolevalg". TV2. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  16. ^ "– Vi er ikke alene".
  17. ^ "Jonas Gahr Støre" (PDF). European Parliament. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  18. ^ a b "Jonas Gahr Støre" (in Norwegian). Storting.
  19. ^ a b c "Jonas Gahr Støre var Høyre-mann". 17 September 2008. Archived from the original on 30 September 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
  20. ^ "Har solgt ut mest". Aftenposten. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  21. ^ "Jagland mener Ap nå slår inn på en riktig politisk linje: Mer stat og styring". Aftenposten. 28 October 2020.
  22. ^ "Jonas fortsatt best likt".
  23. ^ Norway condemns Israeli attacks on Lebanon Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Tooze, Adam (2018). Crashed: How a Decade of Financial Crises Changed the World. New York, New York: Viking. ISBN 978-0-670-02493-3. OCLC 1039188461.
  25. ^ Taleban attack Kabul luxury hotel, BBC News, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  26. ^ Bombeangrep mot Støres hotell, Aftenposten, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  27. ^ FNs generalsekretær: – Støre var målet Archived 16 January 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Aftenposten, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  28. ^ Taliban: – Støre var ikke målet, VG Nett, 14 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
  29. ^ VG: Støre trolig hjem til Norge etter terrorangrepet, published 14 January 2008 (in Norwegian)
  30. ^ Line Brustad (18 November 2011). "Breiviks hovedmål: Gro, Jonas og Eskil". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 23 February 2013.
  31. ^ "Health Jonas has bought private health services" (in Norwegian). NRK. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  32. ^ "Hektisk nomineringsaktivitet før fredsprisfrist". Dagsavisen. 31 January 2021.
  33. ^ "Støre nominerte Ressa: – Jeg blir berørt av mennesker med så stort mot". NRK. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  34. ^ "Ni ting du bør vite om stortingsvalget 2017" (in Norwegian). Aftenposten. 12 September 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  35. ^ "Støre: Giske har opptrådt på kritikkverdig måte" (in Norwegian). NRK. 21 December 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  36. ^ "Anniken Huitfeldt (Ap): – Det jeg trodde var hersketeknikker, ser jeg nå at var seksuell trakassering" (in Norwegian). VG. 1 January 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  37. ^ "Skjæran blir ny Ap-nestleder. En sterk og klar stemme fra nord" (in Norwegian). NRK Nordland. 19 March 2019. Retrieved 4 September 2021.
  38. ^ "Slik stemte vi – spesial" (in Norwegian). NRK. 14 September 2021. Retrieved 14 September 2021.
  39. ^ "Støre: Regjeringssonderinger starter torsdag på Hurdalsjøen Hotell" (in Norwegian). Vårt Land. 20 September 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  40. ^ "SV bryter sonderingene på Hurdal: − Stor skuffelse" (in Norwegian). VG. 29 September 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  41. ^ "Ap og Sp går i regjeringsforhandlinger: − Nå utvider jeg alfabetet" (in Norwegian). VG. 29 September 2021. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  42. ^ "Støre: – Vi er enige om å danne regjering" (in Norwegian). NRK. 8 October 2021. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  43. ^ "Eva Kristin (48) er vår nye stortingspresident" (in Norwegian). NRK. 9 October 2021. Retrieved 9 October 2021.
  44. ^ "Støre lover storrengjøring i arbeidslivet" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 18 October 2021.
  45. ^ "Varsler grep mot dyr strøm" (in Norwegian). TV 2. 18 October 2021. Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  46. ^ "Støre forsvarer moms på dyre elbiler" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 21 October 2021. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  47. ^ "Erna Solberg ber om Jonas Gahr Støres coronastrategi" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 21 October 2021. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  48. ^ "Støre til Financial Times: – Å stoppe oljeboringen vil bety slutten for det grønne skiftet" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 25 October 2021. Retrieved 25 October 2021.
  49. ^ "Lover billigere drivstoff nå" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 27 October 2021. Retrieved 27 October 2021.
  50. ^ "Støre: Regjeringen innfører nye nasjonale tiltak" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 12 November 2021. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  51. ^ "Enighet om statsbudsjettet: Øker skattene, gir feriepenger til permitterte og arbeidsledige" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 29 November 2021. Retrieved 29 November 2021.
  52. ^ "Regjeringen innfører nye nasjonale tiltak" (in Norwegian). government.no. 2 December 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  53. ^ "Støre: – Det kommer signal om strømhjelp før jul" (in Norwegian). NRK. 5 December 2021. Retrieved 5 December 2021.
  54. ^ "Regjeringen gjeninnfører meteren" (in Norwegian). NRK. 7 December 2021. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  55. ^ "Støre utelukker ikke nye tiltak før jul" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 9 December 2021. Retrieved 9 December 2021.
  56. ^ "Så mye billigere kan strømregningen din bli" (in Norwegian). TV 2. 11 December 2021. Retrieved 11 December 2021.
  57. ^ "Strengere nasjonale tiltak for å begrense smitten" (in Norwegian). government.no. 13 December 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
  58. ^ "Støre: – Korona-tiltaka skal ikkje vare ein dag lenger enn nødvendig" (in Norwegian Nynorsk). NRK. 2 January 2022. Retrieved 2 January 2022.
  59. ^ "Støre og Vedum: - Øker strømstøtten til 80 prosent" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 8 January 2022. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  60. ^ "Dette er de nye reglene" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 13 January 2022. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  61. ^ "Regjeringen fjerner coronatiltakene" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 12 February 2022. Retrieved 12 February 2022.
  62. ^ "Regjeringen beklager til skeive" (in Norwegian). government.no. 20 April 2022. Retrieved 20 April 2022.
  63. ^ "I strupen på Rødt" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 16 June 2022. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  64. ^ "Støre forstår at makspris på strøm kan virke forlokkende – men er skeptisk" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 1 August 2022. Retrieved 1 August 2022.
  65. ^ "Støre: – Støtter beslutningen om avlivingen av Freya" (in Norwegian). NRK. 15 August 2022. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  66. ^ "Jonas innrømmer: - Mange vil bli skuffet" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 13 September 2022. Retrieved 13 September 2022.
  67. ^ "Støre og Vedum: Skal hente inn 33 milliarder kroner fra vind, laks og vannkraft" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 28 September 2022. Retrieved 28 September 2022.
  68. ^ "Regjeringen melder inn nye klimamål: Vil kutte 55 prosent utslipp" (in Norwegian). E24. 3 November 2022. Retrieved 3 November 2022.
  69. ^ "Støre og Mehl la ned blomster i Kongsberg" (in Norwegian). Nettavisen. 15 October 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  70. ^ "Statsminister Jonas Gahr Støres tale i regjeringskvartalet 22. juli 2022". Government.no. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  71. ^ "Støre-regjeringen reiser til atomforbud-konferanse: USA stiller spørsmål" (in Norwegian). VG. 14 October 2021. Retrieved 17 October 2021.
  72. ^ "Deler ikke EUs ønske om oljestans i Arktis" (in Norwegian). NRK. 26 October 2021. Retrieved 26 October 2021.
  73. ^ "Støre på klimatoppmøtet: Vil gjøre Oljefondet til en klimaleder" (in Norwegian). NRK. 2 November 2021. Retrieved 2 November 2021.
  74. ^ "Støre grillet av svenske politikere – beskyldt for "pandemi-nasjonalisme"" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 3 November 2021. Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  75. ^ "Norway criticises Qatar over arrest of Norwegian journalists". Reuters. 24 November 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2021.
  76. ^ "Støre i møte med Sør-Afrikas president – berømmer varsling om omikron" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 10 December 2021. Retrieved 10 December 2021.
  77. ^ "Støre slår cyberalarm: – Vi må være mer våkne" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 15 January 2022. Retrieved 15 January 2022.
  78. ^ "Scholz ønsker enda tettere energipartnerskap med Norge" (in Norwegian). TV 2. 19 January 2022. Retrieved 19 January 2022.
  79. ^ "Bekymret Støre etter utviklingen i Ukraina: - Gårsdagen var et veiskille" (in Norwegian). Nettavisen. 22 February 2022. Retrieved 22 February 2022.
  80. ^ "Norge trekker oljefondet ut av Russland" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 27 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  81. ^ "Støre om Putin-samtalen: – Jeg opplevde at det var mulig å nå fram" (in Norwegian). NRK. 31 March 2022. Retrieved 31 March 2022.
  82. ^ "Vil ikke gjenta tabben" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 13 May 2022. Retrieved 13 May 2022.
  83. ^ "Hviterussland blir til Belarus" (in Norwegian). government.no. 29 May 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  84. ^ "Støre om abortavgjørelsen i USA: − Et alvorlig tilbakeskritt" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 24 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  85. ^ "Statsminister Jonas Gahr Støre er i Kyiv – lover 10 milliarder kroner i bistand" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 1 July 2022. Retrieved 1 July 2022.
  86. ^ "Støre om Rushdie-angrepet: – Rystende nyheter" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 12 August 2022. Retrieved 12 August 2022.
  87. ^ "Brant hijaber foran Stortinget" (in Norwegian). Dagbladet. 24 September 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  88. ^ "Støre om Russlands annektering: − Ukraina har rett til å forsvare seg" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 30 September 2022. Retrieved 30 September 2022.
  89. ^ "Statsministeren deltar på europeisk toppmøte" (in Norwegian). government.no. 6 October 2022. Retrieved 30 October 2022.
  90. ^ "Støre: − Russland tar flere sjanser i sitt etterretningsarbeid" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. 20 October 2022. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  91. ^ "Støre kritiserer Fifa-sjefen: – Ikke en god start på VM" (in Norwegian). ABC Nyheter. 19 November 2022. Retrieved 20 November 2022.
  92. ^ "Støre har bestemt seg om Palestina". Dagsavisen. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  93. ^ "Støre innrømmer direkte kontakt med Hamas-leder".
  94. ^ "Snakket direkte med Hamas-leder". 27 January 2011.
  95. ^ "Støre har hatt hemmelige samtaler med Hamas". 27 January 2011.
  96. ^ "Støre har hatt hemmelige samtaler med Hamas". 27 January 2011.
  97. ^ "Støre talked with Hamas' leader". Newsinenglish.no. 28 January 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  98. ^ Spence, Thomas (16 May 2006). "Jeg taler med hvem jeg vil". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 7 November 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2009.
  99. ^ Mads Gilbert and Erik Fosse. Øyne i Gaza. Gyldendal Norsk Forlag, 2009. ISBN 978-82-05-39381-3
  100. ^ Støre: – Legeutspill en skamplett 09.01.2009, VG (in Norwegian)
  101. ^ "Refser Jensens Gilbert-kritikk" (in Norwegian). 8 January 2009. Retrieved 17 January 2009.
  102. ^ "Støre angriper Trumps kursendring overfor Israel: "Historisk urett av USA"". Nettavisen. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  103. ^ "Ap vil anerkjenne palestinsk stat". Aftenposten. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  104. ^ "Nobel secretary regrets Obama peace prize". BBC News. 17 September 2015.
  105. ^ "Støre: Uaktuelt å beklage overfor Kina". E24. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  106. ^ "Anmelder Jens, Jonas og Grete for krigsforbrytelser". Nettavisen. Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  107. ^ "Jonas Gahr Støre's cabin-dock was fixed by workers who paid no tax or VAT". 23 August 2017.
  108. ^ "Finansavisen: Jobbet svart på Jonas Gahr Støres brygge". 22 August 2017.
  109. ^ "Arbeidere jobbet svart på Støres brygge". 22 August 2017.
  110. ^ "Slik forklarer Støre brygge-saken". 23 August 2017.
  111. ^ Crisis Group Announces New Board Members International Crisis Group, press release of 28 July 2016.

External linksEdit

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