Migdal (Hebrew: מִגְדָּל, lit. Tower) is a town in the Northern District of Israel. It was founded in 1910, and granted local council status in 1949.[2] In 2021 it had a population of 1,988. Migdal is located near Ginosar, and about 8 km north of Tiberias.[3] It has a shoreline on the Sea of Galilee, including the Tamar, Ilanot and Arbel beaches.

Migdal from above
  • מִגְדָּל
  • مغدال
Local council (from 1949)
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • ISO 259Migdal
Migdal is located in Northeast Israel
Migdal is located in Israel
Coordinates: 32°50′20.68″N 35°29′57.46″E / 32.8390778°N 35.4992944°E / 32.8390778; 35.4992944
Country Israel
 • Head of MunicipalityIsrael Sason Amrosi
 • Total11,395 dunams (11.395 km2 or 4.400 sq mi)
 • Total1,988
 • Density170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Name meaningTower
Aerial view of Migdal
Migdal historical museum

History edit

Migdal is named after a city from the Second Temple period called "Magdala". The ancient city is believed to have been located on the site of the depopulated village of al-Majdal, which preserved the name.[4]

In 1908, a small group of German Catholics who identified the site as the birthplace of Mary Magdalene settled there.[5] They left after a year and the land was bought by Russian Zionists who founded a training farm, Ahuzat Moskva (Moscow Estate) in 1910. This settlement was adjacent to the Arab village al-Majdal.[6]The pioneers were members of the Hovevei Zion (“Lovers of Zion”) movement, under the leadership of Moshe Glikin. They included several who became key figures in the history of Jewish settlement, among them Joseph Trumpeldor and J.H. Brenner.[7]

A few years later, the land was sold to private investors.[3] An encampment of Gdud HaAvoda workers who built the Tiberias-Rosh Pinna road was established there in 1921.[8]

According to a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, Migdal had a population of 51 inhabitants, consisting of 42 Jews and 9 Muslims.[9]

Landmarks edit

In 1998, a local history museum was founded in one the farm’s first buildings.[10]

Notable residents edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Regional Statistics". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  2. ^ Ancient City of Magdala Unearthed in Israel
  3. ^ a b c About Migdal. Flags of the World
  4. ^ Hareuveni, Immanuel (2010). Eretz Yisrael Lexicon. Ministry of Education. pp. 558–559.
  5. ^ a b Ancient Menorah
  6. ^ Archaeologists discover second ancient synagogue on the shores of Sea of Galilee
  7. ^ Jacob and Eyal Horwitz Pioneers’ House and Museum
  8. ^ Encyclopedia of Zionism and Israel Herzl Press and McGraw-Hill, New York 1971, Volume II, p. 784
  9. ^ "Palestine Census ( 1922)".
  10. ^ Jacob and Eyal Horwitz Pioneers’ House and Museum
  11. ^ Ancient Synagogue Found in Migdal
The town of Migdal is featured on the right, and Hamaam on the left From Mount Arbel.