Mianeh, East Azerbaijan

Mianeh (Persian: ميانه; Azerbaijani: Miyana, میانا; also Romanized as Meyāneh, Miane, Miyāna, Meyaneh, and Mīyaneh)[3] is a city and capital of Mianeh County, East Azerbaijan Province, Iran. It is the fourth most populous city in East Azerbaijan province.

Miyana
میانا
City
Mianeh [1]
Moallem-sq-mianeh.jpg
Miyana is located in Iran
Miyana
Miyana
Coordinates: 37°25′16″N 47°42′54″E / 37.42111°N 47.71500°E / 37.42111; 47.71500Coordinates: 37°25′16″N 47°42′54″E / 37.42111°N 47.71500°E / 37.42111; 47.71500
CountryIran
ProvinceEast Azerbaijan
CountyMianeh
BakhshCentral
Government
 • MayorMehdi Mirzaee
 • ParliamentFarmand & Shivyari
Elevation
1,100 m (3,600 ft)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Urban
98,973 [2]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code041

Mianeh is situated in a valley, approximately 439 kilometres (273 mi) northwest of Tehran and approximately 187 kilometres (116 mi) southeast of East Azerbaijan's largest city and capital, Tabriz.[4] The city was strategically located, during antiquity was a frontier city for a key travel route between Iraq and Azerbaijan.[5][6]

Historical monuments in the city of Mianeh include the Imamzadeh Esmail Mausoleum (Kamaləddin).[7] Nearby monuments include Kiz Castle (also known as Qız Qalası),[8] the Stone Tark Mosque,[9] and the Kiz Bridge (Qız Körpüsü).[4] The Kiz Bridge was partly destroyed in December 1946 by Communist militants of the Azerbaijani Democratic Party advocating for independence to halt the offensive of the Capitalist-supported Imperial Iranian Army.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

 
16th century map of Mianeh

Among notable people from Mianeh are:

See alsoEdit

 
Miyaneh city view

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ BGN Standard with diacritics. "Geonames" Archived 2008-05-22 at the Wayback Machine United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA)
  2. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  3. ^ Mianeh, East Azerbaijan can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3074891" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  4. ^ a b c Byron, Robert (2016-06-27). The Road to Oxiana: New edition linked and annotaded. MarcoPolo. pp. 271–272. ISBN 978-989-8575-68-5.
  5. ^ Ouseley, William (1823). Travels in Various Countries of the East, More Particularly Persia. Rodwell and Martin. p. 389.
  6. ^ Frye, Richard Nelson (1984). The History of Ancient Iran. C.H.Beck. p. 10. ISBN 978-3-406-09397-5.
  7. ^ Rasaneh, Sirang. "Imamzadeh Esmaeil Mausoleum 2021 Tourist Attraction in Mianeh, travel to iran, Visit Iran". Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Rasaneh, Sirang. "Dokhtar Castle (Qiz Qalasi) 2021 Tourist Attraction in Mianeh, travel to iran, Visit Iran". Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Rasaneh, Sirang. "Stone Mosque of Tark (Sangi Mosque) 2021 Tourist Attraction in Mianeh, travel to iran, Visit Iran". Iran Tourism & Touring. Retrieved 2021-07-20.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ Jāhid, Parvīz (2012). Directory of World Cinema: Iran. Intellect Books. p. 36. ISBN 978-1-84150-399-8.