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Mellette County, South Dakota

Mellette County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,048.[1] Its county seat is White River.[2] The county was created in 1909, and was organized in 1911.[3] It was named for Arthur C. Mellette, the last Governor of the Dakota Territory and the first Governor of the state of South Dakota.

Mellette County, South Dakota
Map of South Dakota highlighting Mellette County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1909 (created)
1911 (organized)
Named forArthur C. Mellette
SeatWhite River
Largest cityWhite River
Area
 • Total1,311 sq mi (3,395 km2)
 • Land1,307 sq mi (3,385 km2)
 • Water3.6 sq mi (9 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)2,088
 • Density1.6/sq mi (0.6/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Historically territory of the Sioux/Lakota peoples, 33.35 percent of the county's land is trust land associated with the Rosebud Indian Reservation in the neighboring county to the south. According to the 2000 United States Census, 52.2% of the population is Native American, mostly the federally recognized Sicangu Oyate (Upper Brulé Sioux) and the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, a branch of the Lakota people.

Contents

GeographyEdit

The White River flows eastward along the north boundary line of Mellette County. The Little White River flows northward through central Mellette County, discharging into White River. The terrain consists of semi-arid rolling hills, the northern portion dotted with ponds and small lakes. The area is mostly devoted to agriculture.[4] The terrain slopes to the northeast; its highest point is the SW corner at 2,779' (847m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 1,311 square miles (3,400 km2), of which 1,307 square miles (3,390 km2) is land and 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2) (0.3%) is water.[6]

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Mellette County is the westernmost of the SD counties to observe Central Time.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Census Pop.
19101,700
19203,850126.5%
19305,29337.5%
19404,107−22.4%
19503,046−25.8%
19602,664−12.5%
19702,420−9.2%
19802,249−7.1%
19902,137−5.0%
20002,083−2.5%
20102,048−1.7%
Est. 20172,088[8]2.0%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 2,083 people, 694 households, and 498 families in the county. The population density was 2 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 824 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 44.74% White, 52.42% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 2.50% from two or more races. 1.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 694 households out of which 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.80% were married couples living together, 16.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.94 and the average family size was 3.49.

The county population contained 35.30% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 24.60% from 25 to 44, 19.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $23,219, and the median income for a family was $25,221. Males had a median income of $17,989 versus $17,989 for females. The per capita income for the county was $10,362. About 30.40% of families and 35.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 45.70% of those under age 18 and 21.90% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,048 people, 693 households, and 493 families in the county.[14] The population density was 1.6 inhabitants per square mile (0.62/km2). There were 838 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 54.1% American Indian, 39.7% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 5.6% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 8.4% were Irish, 6.1% were English, and 0.6% were American.[16]

Of the 693 households, 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 19.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.9% were non-families, and 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.38. The median age was 34.2 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,055 and the median income for a family was $35,781. Males had a median income of $31,625 versus $30,956 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,971. About 23.4% of families and 27.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.5% of those under age 18 and 6.3% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated communities[4]Edit

  • Mosher

TownshipsEdit

  • Bad Nation
  • Blackpipe
  • Butte
  • Cody
  • Fairview
  • Mosher
  • New Surprise Valley
  • Norris
  • Prospect
  • Red Fish
  • Ring Thunder
  • Riverside
  • Rocky Ford
  • Rosebud
  • Running Bird
  • Surprise Valley

Unorganized territoriesEdit

  • Cedarbutte
  • Central Mellette.

PoliticsEdit

Like most of South Dakota, Mellette County is solidly Republican. It has not been carried by a Democrat since Lyndon Johnson’s 1964 landslide, although Barack Obama came within six votes of doing so in the 2012 election.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 58.9% 402 34.9% 238 6.3% 43
2012 49.5% 381 48.8% 375 1.7% 13
2008 52.8% 445 44.3% 373 3.0% 25
2004 59.4% 553 38.8% 361 1.8% 17
2000 67.5% 495 30.3% 222 2.2% 16
1996 52.3% 417 37.8% 302 9.9% 79
1992 49.6% 417 32.9% 277 17.5% 147
1988 54.0% 460 45.2% 385 0.8% 7
1984 66.5% 616 32.7% 303 0.9% 8
1980 64.8% 624 29.0% 279 6.2% 60
1976 53.5% 508 45.2% 429 1.3% 12
1972 59.2% 637 40.2% 433 0.6% 6
1968 55.7% 611 37.1% 407 7.2% 79
1964 44.4% 525 55.6% 658
1960 60.3% 774 39.7% 510
1956 55.3% 643 44.7% 520
1952 69.4% 787 30.6% 347
1948 49.3% 482 49.3% 482 1.3% 13
1944 57.0% 544 43.0% 410
1940 52.2% 990 47.8% 905
1936 46.6% 711 52.9% 808 0.5% 8
1932 29.1% 657 70.2% 1,583 0.7% 15
1928 50.1% 943 49.3% 927 0.6% 11
1924 39.9% 642 37.6% 604 22.5% 362
1920 63.5% 533 31.1% 261 5.4% 45
1916 45.6% 379 52.4% 436 2.0% 17
1912 54.0% 320 46.0% 273

See alsoEdit

Further readingEdit

 
The Geography, Geology and Biology of Mellett, Washabaugh, Bennett and Todd Counties, South-Central South Dakota
  • Andrews, John (February 9, 2016). "A Strange Fascination". South Dakota Magazine. Part of a series on South Dakota counties.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Mellette County SD Google Maps (accessed 7 February 2019)
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 7 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed 30 January 2019)
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 31 January 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  17. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 15 April 2018.

Coordinates: 43°35′N 100°46′W / 43.58°N 100.76°W / 43.58; -100.76