Jones County, South Dakota

Jones County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2020 census, the population was 917,[1] making it the least populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Murdo.[2] Created in 1916 and organized in 1917, it is the most recently established county in South Dakota. [3] It was named after Granville Whittington Jones, an Arkansas-born clergyman/lawyer, who moved to Chamberlain, SD and became a noted Chautauqua speaker.

Jones County
Freier Round Barn
Map of South Dakota highlighting Jones County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°57′N 100°41′W / 43.95°N 100.69°W / 43.95; -100.69
Country United States
State South Dakota
Founded1916 (created)
January 15, 1917 (organized)
Named forGeorge Wallace Jones
SeatMurdo
Largest cityMurdo
Area
 • Total971 sq mi (2,510 km2)
 • Land970 sq mi (2,500 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3 km2)  0.1%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total917
 • Estimate 
(2021)
879 Decrease
 • Density0.94/sq mi (0.36/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional districtAt-large

GeographyEdit

The terrain of Jones County consists of semi-arid rolling hills, partially devoted to agriculture. The Bad River flows north easterly through the northwest corner of the county, and the White River forms the county's southern boundary. The southern areas of the county are carved with gullies and drainages flowing to the White River.[4] The terrain generally slopes to the northeast, and its highest point is on the lower western boundary, at 2,444' (745m) ASL.[5] The county has a total area of 971 square miles (2,510 km2), of which 970 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[6]

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Jones County is the westernmost of the SD counties to observe Central Time.[7]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

Protected areaEdit

LakesEdit

  • Sheriff Reservoir[4]

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
19203,004
19303,1775.8%
19402,509−21.0%
19502,281−9.1%
19602,066−9.4%
19701,882−8.9%
19801,463−22.3%
19901,324−9.5%
20001,193−9.9%
20101,006−15.7%
2020917−8.8%
2021 (est.)879[8]−4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2020[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the 2000 census,[13] there were 1,485 people, 694 households, and 327 families in the county. The population density was 1.2 people per square mile (0.5/km2). There were 614 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 56.81% White, 22.43% Native American, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 1.51% from two or more races. 0.34% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 694 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 36 living with them, 53.20% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.60% were non-families. 33.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.98.

This county contained 26.20% under the age of 18, 6.20% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 103.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,288, and the median income for a family was $37,500. Males had a median income of $23,289 versus $17,143 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,896. About 11.90% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.60% of those under age 18 and 7.10% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 census, there were 1,006 people, 458 households, and 280 families in the county.[14] The population density was 1.0 inhabitant per square mile (0.39/km2). There were 589 housing units at an average density of 0.6 per square mile (0.23/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 95.6% white, 2.0% American Indian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 0.1% black or African American, 0.0% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.3% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 48.8% were German, 15.9% were Irish, 10.2% were Norwegian, 9.0% were Dutch, and 1.9% were American.[16] In terms of ancestry in 2016, 39.1% were of German, 14.3% were of Irish, 13.9% were of Norwegian, 11.4% were of Dutch, 6.4% were of English, 6.2 were of French.

Of the 458 households, 26.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.9% were non-families, and 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age was 46.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,464 and the median income for a family was $56,589. Males had a median income of $33,021 versus $27,115 for females. The per capita income for the county was $24,630. About 6.6% of families and 9.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.[17]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

TownEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Unincorporated communityEdit

TownshipsEdit

  • Buffalo
  • Draper
  • Dunkel
  • Grandview
  • Kolls
  • Morga
  • Mullen
  • Mussman
  • Okaton
  • Scovil
  • South Creek
  • Williams Creek
  • Zickrick

Unorganized territoriesEdit

  • Central Jones
  • North Jones
  • Rich Valley
  • Westover

PoliticsEdit

Jones County voters have been reliably Republican. The last Democrat to carry Jones County in a Presidential election was Lyndon Johnson in 1964, and Jimmy Carter in 1976 was the last to top one third of the county's ballots. Even before the Democratic Party turned towards its modern liberalism, Jones County did not vote for any Democrat except LBJ and Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932 and 1936 – and in the latter election when Roosevelt won 46 of 48 states he beat Alf Landon in Jones County by just twelve votes.

United States presidential election results for Jones County, South Dakota[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 498 83.14% 90 15.03% 11 1.84%
2016 450 80.65% 69 12.37% 39 6.99%
2012 490 80.46% 108 17.73% 11 1.81%
2008 463 73.84% 147 23.44% 17 2.71%
2004 565 78.80% 134 18.69% 18 2.51%
2000 509 76.66% 137 20.63% 18 2.71%
1996 463 63.51% 184 25.24% 82 11.25%
1992 454 58.28% 166 21.31% 159 20.41%
1988 521 66.28% 261 33.21% 4 0.51%
1984 689 76.64% 206 22.91% 4 0.44%
1980 689 74.97% 189 20.57% 41 4.46%
1976 515 57.87% 374 42.02% 1 0.11%
1972 642 64.39% 346 34.70% 9 0.90%
1968 562 55.75% 358 35.52% 88 8.73%
1964 415 43.09% 548 56.91% 0 0.00%
1960 644 60.36% 423 39.64% 0 0.00%
1956 601 56.06% 471 43.94% 0 0.00%
1952 739 69.59% 323 30.41% 0 0.00%
1948 522 55.06% 414 43.67% 12 1.27%
1944 465 63.79% 264 36.21% 0 0.00%
1940 832 62.09% 508 37.91% 0 0.00%
1936 608 48.10% 620 49.05% 36 2.85%
1932 472 32.44% 929 63.85% 54 3.71%
1928 857 66.43% 422 32.71% 11 0.85%
1924 732 55.45% 141 10.68% 447 33.86%
1920 609 62.33% 255 26.10% 113 11.57%

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2020 Census Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Archived from the original on April 2, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  4. ^ a b Jones County SD Google Maps (accessed February 4, 2019)
  5. ^ ""Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed February 4, 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved February 5, 2019.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  7. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed January 30, 2019)
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Counties: April 1, 2020 to July 1, 2021". Retrieved March 25, 2022.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.

Coordinates: 43°57′N 100°41′W / 43.95°N 100.69°W / 43.95; -100.69