Maximilian Maria Sforza (Italian: Massimiliano Maria Sforza; 25 January 1493 – 25 May 1530)[1] was a Duke of Milan from the Sforza family, the son of Ludovico Sforza. He was installed as a ruler of Milan in 1512 after the capture of Milan by the Holy League, supported by a Swiss militia led by Jakob Meyer zum Hasen.[2] He ruled from 1512 to 1515,[3] between the occupations of Louis XII of France (1500–1512), and Francis I of France in 1515. After the French victory at the Battle of Marignano, Maximilian was imprisoned by the returning French troops.[4]

Massimiliano Sforza
Portrait by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis, c.1496–1499
Duke of Milan
Reign16 June 1512 – 11 October 1515
PredecessorLouis XII of France
SuccessorFrancis I of France
BornErcole Massimiliano Sforza
(1493-01-25)25 January 1493
Milan, Duchy of Milan
Died4 June 1530(1530-06-04) (aged 37)
Fontainebleu, France
FatherLudovico Sforza
MotherBeatrice d'Este

When Maximilian was three his father tried to arrange a marriage between him and Mary Tudor, the younger daughter of King Henry VII of England.[5] However, Henry VII rejected the proposal citing Mary's young age as the issue.[5]

References edit

  1. ^ Giuseppe Chiesi: Maximilian Sforza in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. ^ Die Malerfamilie Holbein in Basel. Kunstmuseum Basel. 1960. p. 174
  3. ^ Alexander 1978, p. 97.
  4. ^ Jansen 2002, p. 271.
  5. ^ a b Sadlack 2011, p. 27.

Sources edit

  • Alexander, J. J. G. (1978). Italian Renaissance Illuminations. Chatto & Windus.
  • Jansen, Sharon L. (2002). The Monstrous Regiment of Women: Female Rulers in Early Modern Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Sadlack, Erin A. (2011). The French Queen's Letters: Mary Tudor Brandon and the Politics of Marriage in Sixteenth-Century Europe. Palgrave Macmillan.

Italian nobility
Preceded by Duke of Milan
Succeeded by