Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece
The Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece (Greek: Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Marxistiko-Leninistiko Kommounistiko Komma Elladas), better known by its acronym M-L KKE (Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ), is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist and Maoist, communist far left political party in Greece.
|Split from||Organisation of Marxists–Leninists of Greece|
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M-L KKE originates in the Organisation of Marxists-Leninists of Greece (OMLE) that split away from the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) in 1964, opposing Nikita Khrushchev's De-Stalinization and supporting Mao Zedong and his political beliefs in the Sino-Soviet split. After Mao's death in 1976, OMLE split in two major factions: the M-L KKE and the rival Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) (KKE M-L), as well as further smaller groupings. M-L KKE and KKE M-L have remained the two largest Maoist parties in Greece since. Historically, M-L KKE has had a significant presence among teachers and education workers, and is most active in West Macedonia, Alexandroupoli, Corfu, and Ikaria.
The group, which has published its own journal Laikos Dromos, was led from its foundation by Isaac Jordanidis, who had been a functionary within the KKE. Jordanidis was a strong supporter of the Three Worlds Theory and the group took a Maoist line as a result. A delegation from the party travelled to Beijing in 1977 where they held a meeting with Li Xiannian.
In the legislative election of 2000, M-L KKE and A/synechia participated together, receiving 5,866 votes. In the legislative election of 2004, M-L KKE participated alone, receiving 4,846 votes. In the legislative election of 2007, M-L KKE received 8,088 votes (0.11%).
On 16 March 2012, spurred by the ongoing Greek financial crisis, M-L KKE and KKE M-L announced that they would jointly contest elections as part of the Popular Resistance – Left Anti-Imperialist Cooperation (Λαϊκή Αντίσταση – Αριστερή Αντιμπεριαλιστική Συνεργασία), distancing themselves both from the traditional Communist Party of Greece (KKE) and the leftist Syriza coalition.
|Results since 1993|
(year links to election page)
|Year||Type of Election||Votes||%||Mandates|
|May 2012||Legislative||16,033 2||0.25||0|
|June 2012||Legislative||7,592 2||0.12||0|
|January 2015||Legislative||8,033 2||0.13||0|
|September 2015||Legislative||8,934 2||0.16||0|
- "ΚΚΕ (μ-λ) και Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ ξανά μαζί ύστερα από 36 χρόνια" (in Greek). To Vima. 16 March 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Orestis Schinas (25 October 2014). "Η αριστερή αντιπολίτευση σε ΕΔΑ και ΚΚΕ" (in Greek). Eleftherotypia. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- Robert Jackson Alexander, Maoism in the Developed World, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, p. 100