Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece

The Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece (Greek: Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας, Marxistiko-Leninistiko Kommounistiko Komma Elladas), better known by its acronym M-L KKE (Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ), is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist communist party in Greece.

Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Greece
Μαρξιστικό-Λενινιστικό Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας
FoundedNovember 1976
Split fromOEML
NewspaperLaikos Dromos
IdeologyCommunism
Marxism
Maoism
Political positionFar-left
ColoursRed
Parliament
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European Parliament
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Website
www.m-lkke.gr

History

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M-L KKE originates in the Organisation of Marxists–Leninists of Greece (OMLE) that split away from the Communist Party of Greece (KKE) in 1964, opposing Nikita Khrushchev's De-Stalinization and supporting Mao Zedong and his political beliefs in the Sino-Soviet split.[1][2] After Mao's death in 1976, OMLE split into two major factions: the M-L KKE and the rival Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) (KKE M-L), as well as further smaller groupings. M-L KKE and KKE M-L have remained the two largest Maoist parties in Greece since.[1][2] Historically, M-L KKE has had a significant presence among teachers and education workers and is most active in West Macedonia, Alexandroupoli, Corfu, and Ikaria.[1]

The group, which has published its own journal, Laikos Dromos, was led from its foundation by Isaac Jordanidis, who had been a functionary within the KKE.[3] Jordanidis was a strong supporter of the Three Worlds Theory, and the group took a Maoist line as a result.[3] A delegation from the party travelled to Beijing in 1977 where they held a meeting with Li Xiannian.[3]

In the 2000 legislative election, M-L KKE and A/synechia participated together, receiving 5,866 votes. In the legislative election of 2004, M-L KKE participated alone, receiving 4,846 votes. In the 2007 legislative election, M-L KKE received 8,088 votes (0.11%).

On 16 March 2012, spurred by the ongoing Greek financial crisis, M-L KKE and KKE M-L announced that they would jointly contest elections as part of the Popular Resistance – Left Anti-Imperialist Cooperation (Λαϊκή Αντίσταση – Αριστερή Αντιμπεριαλιστική Συνεργασία), distancing themselves both from the traditional Communist Party of Greece (KKE) and the leftist Syriza coalition.[1][2]

Newspaper

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Laikos Dromos header

M-L KKE publishes the Laikos Dromos (Λαϊκός Δρόμος, "People's Path") newspaper, founded in December 1967 as OMLE's newspaper.[1][2]

Election results

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Hellenic Parliament

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Election Hellenic Parliament Rank Government Leader
Votes % ±pp Seats won +/−
1993 1,817 0.03% New
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New 15th Extra-parliamentary Collective leadership
1996 4,019 0.06% +0.03
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  0 16th Extra-parliamentary
2000[a] 5,879 0.09% +0.03
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  0 14th Extra-parliamentary
2004 4,765 0.06% –0.03
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  0 12th Extra-parliamentary
2007 8,137 0.11% +0.05
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  0 12th Extra-parliamentary
2009 5,219 0.08% –0.03
0 / 300
  0 15th Extra-parliamentary
May 2012[b] 16,010 0.25% +0.17
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  0 21st Extra-parliamentary
Jun 2012[b] 7,952 0.12% –0.13
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  0 17th Extra-parliamentary
Jan 2015[b] 7,999 0.13% +0.01
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  0 14th Extra-parliamentary
Sep 2015[b] 8,873 0.16% +0.03
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  0 15th Extra-parliamentary
2019 2,706 0.05% –0.11
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  0 16th Extra-parliamentary
May 2023 3,926 0.07% +0.02
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  0 29th Extra-parliamentary
Jun 2023 4,296 0,08% +0.01
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  0 21st Extra-parliamentary
  1. ^ Run as part of the Left! coalition (M-L KKE and A/synechia).
  2. ^ a b c d Run in coalition with KKE (m-l).

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b c d e "ΚΚΕ (μ-λ) και Μ-Λ ΚΚΕ ξανά μαζί ύστερα από 36 χρόνια" (in Greek). To Vima. 16 March 2012. Archived from the original on 1 February 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d Orestis Schinas (25 October 2014). "Η αριστερή αντιπολίτευση σε ΕΔΑ και ΚΚΕ" (in Greek). Eleftherotypia. Archived from the original on 25 September 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b c Robert Jackson Alexander, Maoism in the Developed World, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001, p. 100
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