List of communist parties

     Officially ruling parties in communist/communist originated countries
     Communist parties as ruling parties or part of a governing coalition in multi-party states
     Formerly ruling in a one-party system
     Formerly ruling in a parliamentary majority or minority government
     Formerly ruling as a coalition partner or supporter

There are a number of communist parties active in various countries across the world, and a number that used to be active. They differ not only in method, but also in strict ideology and interpretation. The formation of communist parties in various countries was first initiated by the formation of the communist Third International by the Russian Bolsheviks. Undoubtedly the most important of these parties were those of the Soviet Union and the People's Republic of China: the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of China, respectively.

Some communist parties have names such as Workers' Party, Socialist Party, Progressive Party, etc. Most, but not all, of the parties on this list are those that were aligned with either Moscow, Beijing or Tirana during the Cold War and their offshoots. Groups currently and exclusively participating in the Trotskyist or the Left communist tradition are not included in the listing, see List of Trotskyist organisations by country and List of Left communist organisations by country.

Groups currently participating in non-Marxist movements related to communism, such as Anarcho-communism and Juche,[1] are included in the listing as a variant of communism as they are communist in origin and participate in world communist conventions. All consider themselves to be the vanguard governing party of their respective land.

Officially ruling parties in communist/communist originated countriesEdit

In the following countries, the following communist/variant juche parties either lead the ruling coalition or hold monopoly on state power, as defined by their respective country's constitutions. They are all of differing communist ideology and founding.

Communist parties as ruling parties or part of ruling coalition in multi-party statesEdit

Formerly rulingEdit

One-party systemEdit

Parliamentary majority or minority governmentEdit

As a coalition partner or supporterEdit

Modern (non-ruling)Edit



Once rulingEdit


Left communist organizations by countryEdit

The following is a list of left communist organizations by country which list only those political organizations and parties who officially call themselves left communist ideologically and still exist.


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Workers' Party of Korea leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland and is by some scholars and leftists not considered as communist party (like: Shin, Gi-wook (2006). Ethnic Nationalism in Korea: Genealogy, Politics, and Legacy. Stanford University Press. ISBN 9780804754088.). Even if it is not a common point view WPK and North Korea started recently to consider themselves as jucheist exclusively. The party participates in the International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties though. (source: List of participants of 15th International Meeting of Communist and Workers' Parties 2013); for more details see Juche.
  2. ^ "Marxist–Leninist Communist Party (Brazil)".
  3. ^ "Labour Party of Colombia".
  4. ^ "Communist Party of the Dominican Republic".
  5. ^ "Dominican Workers' Party (Marxist–Leninist)".
  6. ^ "New Communist Party of Haiti (Marxist–Leninist)".
  7. ^ "Iraqi Revolutionary Marxist–Leninists Regroupment".
  8. ^ "Japan Labor Party".
  9. ^ "Workers' Communist Party In Japan".
  10. ^ "Filipino Workers Party".
  11. ^ "Polish Party of the Working Class - Initiative Group".
  12. ^ "Regional Party of Communists".
  13. ^ "Communist Party of Spain (Maoist)".
  14. ^ Reconstrucción Comunista blog Archived March 26, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  15. ^ "Inicio - Iniciativa Comunista". Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  16. ^ "Kimetz". Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  17. ^ "Andalucía Comunista". Andalucía Comunista. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  18. ^ "Red Roja". Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  19. ^ "All-Union Communist Party Bolsheviks - Ukraine". Archived from the original on 2013-03-13.
  20. ^ "Communist Party Alliance".
  21. ^ "Bolshevik Platform of the KPSS".
  22. ^ COMUNISMO #56
  23. ^ Syndicalisme de combat et parti révolutionnaire
  24. ^ Emall NL Archived January 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine

External linksEdit